客户这里,有很多linux主机,都是centos7的,我们需要定期每天对linux主机进行巡检,然后把巡检结果集中保存,方便对主机状态检查。
为了巡检工作需要,需要在linux主机上编写巡检脚本,配置rsync客户端。、

linux巡检脚本

我收集了一个巡检脚本,如下所示:

#!bin/bash
#主机信息每日巡检

IPADDR=$(ifconfig eth0 | grep '\<inet\>' | awk '{print $2}')
#环境变量PATH没设好,在cron里执行时有很多命令会找不到
export PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/root/bin
source /etc/profile

[ $(id -u) -gt 0 ] && echo "请用root用户执行此脚本!" && exit 1
centosVersion=$(awk '{print $(NF-1)}' /etc/redhat-release)
VERSION="2018.08.28"

#日志相关
LOGPATH="$PROGPATH/var/log/HostDailyCheck"
[ -e $LOGPATH ] || mkdir $LOGPATH
RESULTFILE="$LOGPATH/HostDailyCheck-$IPADDR-`date +%Y%m%d`.txt"

#定义报表的全局变量
report_DateTime=""    #日期 ok
report_Hostname=""    #主机名 ok
report_OSRelease=""    #发行版本 ok
report_Kernel=""    #内核 ok
report_Language=""    #语言/编码 ok
report_LastReboot=""    #最近启动时间 ok
report_Uptime=""    #运行时间(天) ok
report_CPUs=""    #CPU数量 ok
report_CPUType=""    #CPU类型 ok
report_Arch=""    #CPU架构 ok
report_MemTotal=""    #内存总容量(MB) ok
report_MemFree=""    #内存剩余(MB) ok
report_MemUsedPercent=""    #内存使用率% ok
report_DiskTotal=""    #硬盘总容量(GB) ok
report_DiskFree=""    #硬盘剩余(GB) ok
report_DiskUsedPercent=""    #硬盘使用率% ok
report_InodeTotal=""    #Inode总量 ok
report_InodeFree=""    #Inode剩余 ok
report_InodeUsedPercent=""    #Inode使用率 ok
report_IP=""    #IP地址 ok
report_MAC=""    #MAC地址 ok
report_Gateway=""    #默认网关 ok
report_DNS=""    #DNS ok
report_Listen=""    #监听 ok
report_Selinux=""    #Selinux ok
report_Firewall=""    #防火墙 ok
report_USERs=""    #用户 ok
report_USEREmptyPassword=""   #空密码用户 ok
report_USERTheSameUID=""      #相同ID的用户 ok 
report_PasswordExpiry=""    #密码过期(天) ok
report_RootUser=""    #root用户 ok
report_Sudoers=""    #sudo授权  ok
report_SSHAuthorized=""    #SSH信任主机 ok
report_SSHDProtocolVersion=""    #SSH协议版本 ok
report_SSHDPermitRootLogin=""    #允许root远程登录 ok
report_DefunctProsess=""    #僵尸进程数量 ok
report_SelfInitiatedService=""    #自启动服务数量 ok
report_SelfInitiatedProgram=""    #自启动程序数量 ok
report_RuningService=""           #运行中服务数  ok
report_Crontab=""    #计划任务数 ok
report_Syslog=""    #日志服务 ok
report_SNMP=""    #SNMP  OK
report_NTP=""    #NTP ok
report_JDK=""    #JDK版本 ok
function version(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "系统巡检脚本:Version $VERSION"
}

function getCpuStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ CPU检查 #############################"
    Physical_CPUs=$(grep "physical id" /proc/cpuinfo| sort | uniq | wc -l)
    Virt_CPUs=$(grep "processor" /proc/cpuinfo | wc -l)
    CPU_Kernels=$(grep "cores" /proc/cpuinfo|uniq| awk -F ': ' '{print $2}')
    CPU_Type=$(grep "model name" /proc/cpuinfo | awk -F ': ' '{print $2}' | sort | uniq)
    CPU_Arch=$(uname -m)
    echo "物理CPU个数:$Physical_CPUs"
    echo "逻辑CPU个数:$Virt_CPUs"
    echo "每CPU核心数:$CPU_Kernels"
    echo "    CPU型号:$CPU_Type"
    echo "    CPU架构:$CPU_Arch"
    #报表信息
    report_CPUs=$Virt_CPUs    #CPU数量
    report_CPUType=$CPU_Type  #CPU类型
    report_Arch=$CPU_Arch     #CPU架构
}

function getMemStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ 内存检查 ############################"
    if [[ $centosVersion < 7 ]];then
        free -mo
    else
        free -h
    fi
    #报表信息
    MemTotal=$(grep MemTotal /proc/meminfo| awk '{print $2}')  #KB
    MemFree=$(grep MemFree /proc/meminfo| awk '{print $2}')    #KB
    let MemUsed=MemTotal-MemFree
    MemPercent=$(awk "BEGIN {if($MemTotal==0){printf 100}else{printf \"%.2f\",$MemUsed*100/$MemTotal}}")
    report_MemTotal="$((MemTotal/1024))""MB"        #内存总容量(MB)
    report_MemFree="$((MemFree/1024))""MB"          #内存剩余(MB)
    report_MemUsedPercent="$(awk "BEGIN {if($MemTotal==0){printf 100}else{printf \"%.2f\",$MemUsed*100/$MemTotal}}")""%"   #内存使用率%
}

function getDiskStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ 磁盘检查 ############################"
    df -hiP | sed 's/Mounted on/Mounted/'> /tmp/inode
    df -hTP | sed 's/Mounted on/Mounted/'> /tmp/disk 
    join /tmp/disk /tmp/inode | awk '{print $1,$2,"|",$3,$4,$5,$6,"|",$8,$9,$10,$11,"|",$12}'| column -t
    #报表信息
    diskdata=$(df -TP | sed '1d' | awk '$2!="tmpfs"{print}') #KB
    disktotal=$(echo "$diskdata" | awk '{total+=$3}END{print total}') #KB
    diskused=$(echo "$diskdata" | awk '{total+=$4}END{print total}')  #KB
    diskfree=$((disktotal-diskused)) #KB
    diskusedpercent=$(echo $disktotal $diskused | awk '{if($1==0){printf 100}else{printf "%.2f",$2*100/$1}}') 
    inodedata=$(df -iTP | sed '1d' | awk '$2!="tmpfs"{print}')
    inodetotal=$(echo "$inodedata" | awk '{total+=$3}END{print total}')
    inodeused=$(echo "$inodedata" | awk '{total+=$4}END{print total}')
    inodefree=$((inodetotal-inodeused))
    inodeusedpercent=$(echo $inodetotal $inodeused | awk '{if($1==0){printf 100}else{printf "%.2f",$2*100/$1}}')
    report_DiskTotal=$((disktotal/1024/1024))"GB"   #硬盘总容量(GB)
    report_DiskFree=$((diskfree/1024/1024))"GB"     #硬盘剩余(GB)
    report_DiskUsedPercent="$diskusedpercent""%"    #硬盘使用率%
    report_InodeTotal=$((inodetotal/1000))"K"       #Inode总量
    report_InodeFree=$((inodefree/1000))"K"         #Inode剩余
    report_InodeUsedPercent="$inodeusedpercent""%"  #Inode使用率%

}

function getSystemStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ 系统检查 ############################"
    if [ -e /etc/sysconfig/i18n ];then
        default_LANG="$(grep "LANG=" /etc/sysconfig/i18n | grep -v "^#" | awk -F '"' '{print $2}')"
    else
        default_LANG=$LANG
    fi
    export LANG="en_US.UTF-8"
    Release=$(cat /etc/redhat-release 2>/dev/null)
    Kernel=$(uname -r)
    OS=$(uname -o)
    Hostname=$(uname -n)
    SELinux=$(/usr/sbin/sestatus | grep "SELinux status: " | awk '{print $3}')
    LastReboot=$(who -b | awk '{print $3,$4}')
    uptime=$(uptime | sed 's/.*up \([^,]*\), .*/\1/')
    echo "     系统:$OS"
    echo " 发行版本:$Release"
    echo "     内核:$Kernel"
    echo "   主机名:$Hostname"
    echo "  SELinux:$SELinux"
    echo "语言/编码:$default_LANG"
    echo " 当前时间:$(date +'%F %T')"
    echo " 最后启动:$LastReboot"
    echo " 运行时间:$uptime"
    #报表信息
    report_DateTime=$(date +"%F %T")  #日期
    report_Hostname="$Hostname"       #主机名
    report_OSRelease="$Release"       #发行版本
    report_Kernel="$Kernel"           #内核
    report_Language="$default_LANG"   #语言/编码
    report_LastReboot="$LastReboot"   #最近启动时间
    report_Uptime="$uptime"           #运行时间(天)
    report_Selinux="$SELinux"
    export LANG="$default_LANG"

}

function getServiceStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ 服务检查 ############################"
    echo ""
    if [[ $centosVersion > 7 ]];then
        conf=$(systemctl list-unit-files --type=service --state=enabled --no-pager | grep "enabled")
        process=$(systemctl list-units --type=service --state=running --no-pager | grep ".service")
        #报表信息
        report_SelfInitiatedService="$(echo "$conf" | wc -l)"       #自启动服务数量
        report_RuningService="$(echo "$process" | wc -l)"           #运行中服务数量
    else
        conf=$(/sbin/chkconfig | grep -E ":on|:启用")
        process=$(/sbin/service --status-all 2>/dev/null | grep -E "is running|正在运行")
        #报表信息
        report_SelfInitiatedService="$(echo "$conf" | wc -l)"       #自启动服务数量
        report_RuningService="$(echo "$process" | wc -l)"           #运行中服务数量
    fi
    echo "服务配置"
    echo "--------"
    echo "$conf"  | column -t
    echo ""
    echo "正在运行的服务"
    echo "--------------"
    echo "$process"

}

function getAutoStartStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ 自启动检查 ##########################"
    conf=$(grep -v "^#" /etc/rc.d/rc.local| sed '/^$/d')
    echo "$conf"
    #报表信息
    report_SelfInitiatedProgram="$(echo $conf | wc -l)"    #自启动程序数量
}

function getLoginStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ 登录检查 ############################"
    last | head
}

function getNetworkStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ 网络检查 ############################"
    if [[ $centosVersion < 7 ]];then
        /sbin/ifconfig -a | grep -v packets | grep -v collisions | grep -v inet6
    else
        #ip a
        for i in $(ip link | grep BROADCAST | awk -F: '{print $2}');do ip add show $i | grep -E "BROADCAST|global"| awk '{print $2}' | tr '\n' ' ' ;echo "" ;done
    fi
    GATEWAY=$(ip route | grep default | awk '{print $3}')
    DNS=$(grep nameserver /etc/resolv.conf| grep -v "#" | awk '{print $2}' | tr '\n' ',' | sed 's/,$//')
    echo ""
    echo "网关:$GATEWAY "
    echo " DNS:$DNS"
    #报表信息
    IP=$(ip -f inet addr | grep -v 127.0.0.1 |  grep inet | awk '{print $NF,$2}' | tr '\n' ',' | sed 's/,$//')
    MAC=$(ip link | grep -v "LOOPBACK\|loopback" | awk '{print $2}' | sed 'N;s/\n//' | tr '\n' ',' | sed 's/,$//')
    report_IP="$IP"            #IP地址
    report_MAC=$MAC            #MAC地址
    report_Gateway="$GATEWAY"  #默认网关
    report_DNS="$DNS"          #DNS
}

function getListenStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ 监听检查 ############################"
    TCPListen=$(ss -ntul | column -t)
    echo "$TCPListen"
    #报表信息
    report_Listen="$(echo "$TCPListen"| sed '1d' | awk '/tcp/ {print $5}' | awk -F: '{print $NF}' | sort | uniq | wc -l)"
}

function getCronStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ 计划任务检查 ########################"
    Crontab=0
    for shell in $(grep -v "/sbin/nologin" /etc/shells);do
        for user in $(grep "$shell" /etc/passwd| awk -F: '{print $1}');do
            crontab -l -u $user >/dev/null 2>&1
            status=$?
            if [ $status -eq 0 ];then
                echo "$user"
                echo "--------"
                crontab -l -u $user
                let Crontab=Crontab+$(crontab -l -u $user | wc -l)
                echo ""
            fi
        done
    done
    #计划任务
    find /etc/cron* -type f | xargs -i ls -l {} | column  -t
    let Crontab=Crontab+$(find /etc/cron* -type f | wc -l)
    #报表信息
    report_Crontab="$Crontab"    #计划任务数
}
function getHowLongAgo(){
    # 计算一个时间戳离现在有多久了
    datetime="$*"
    [ -z "$datetime" ] && echo "错误的参数:getHowLongAgo() $*"
    Timestamp=$(date +%s -d "$datetime")    #转化为时间戳
    Now_Timestamp=$(date +%s)
    Difference_Timestamp=$(($Now_Timestamp-$Timestamp))
    days=0;hours=0;minutes=0;
    sec_in_day=$((60*60*24));
    sec_in_hour=$((60*60));
    sec_in_minute=60
    while (( $(($Difference_Timestamp-$sec_in_day)) > 1 ))
    do
        let Difference_Timestamp=Difference_Timestamp-sec_in_day
        let days++
    done
    while (( $(($Difference_Timestamp-$sec_in_hour)) > 1 ))
    do
        let Difference_Timestamp=Difference_Timestamp-sec_in_hour
        let hours++
    done
    echo "$days 天 $hours 小时前"
}

function getUserLastLogin(){
    # 获取用户最近一次登录的时间,含年份
    # 很遗憾last命令不支持显示年份,只有"last -t YYYYMMDDHHMMSS"表示某个时间之间的登录,我
    # 们只能用最笨的方法了,对比今天之前和今年元旦之前(或者去年之前和前年之前……)某个用户
    # 登录次数,如果登录统计次数有变化,则说明最近一次登录是今年。
    username=$1
    : ${username:="`whoami`"}
    thisYear=$(date +%Y)
    oldesYear=$(last | tail -n1 | awk '{print $NF}')
    while(( $thisYear >= $oldesYear));do
        loginBeforeToday=$(last $username | grep $username | wc -l)
        loginBeforeNewYearsDayOfThisYear=$(last $username -t $thisYear"0101000000" | grep $username | wc -l)
        if [ $loginBeforeToday -eq 0 ];then
            echo "从未登录过"
            break
        elif [ $loginBeforeToday -gt $loginBeforeNewYearsDayOfThisYear ];then
            lastDateTime=$(last -i $username | head -n1 | awk '{for(i=4;i<(NF-2);i++)printf"%s ",$i}')" $thisYear" #格式如: Sat Nov 2 20:33 2015
            lastDateTime=$(date "+%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S" -d "$lastDateTime")
            echo "$lastDateTime"
            break
        else
            thisYear=$((thisYear-1))
        fi
    done

}

function getUserStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ 用户检查 ############################"
    #/etc/passwd 最后修改时间
    pwdfile="$(cat /etc/passwd)"
    Modify=$(stat /etc/passwd | grep Modify | tr '.' ' ' | awk '{print $2,$3}')

    echo "/etc/passwd 最后修改时间:$Modify ($(getHowLongAgo $Modify))"
    echo ""
    echo "特权用户"
    echo "--------"
    RootUser=""
    for user in $(echo "$pwdfile" | awk -F: '{print $1}');do
        if [ $(id -u $user) -eq 0 ];then
            echo "$user"
            RootUser="$RootUser,$user"
        fi
    done
    echo ""
    echo "用户列表"
    echo "--------"
    USERs=0
    echo "$(
    echo "用户名 UID GID HOME SHELL 最后一次登录"
    for shell in $(grep -v "/sbin/nologin" /etc/shells);do
        for username in $(grep "$shell" /etc/passwd| awk -F: '{print $1}');do
            userLastLogin="$(getUserLastLogin $username)"
            echo "$pwdfile" | grep -w "$username" |grep -w "$shell"| awk -F: -v lastlogin="$(echo "$userLastLogin" | tr ' ' '_')" '{print $1,$3,$4,$6,$7,lastlogin}'
        done
        let USERs=USERs+$(echo "$pwdfile" | grep "$shell"| wc -l)
    done
    )" | column -t
    echo ""
    echo "空密码用户"
    echo "----------"
    USEREmptyPassword=""
    for shell in $(grep -v "/sbin/nologin" /etc/shells);do
            for user in $(echo "$pwdfile" | grep "$shell" | cut -d: -f1);do
            r=$(awk -F: '$2=="!!"{print $1}' /etc/shadow | grep -w $user)
            if [ ! -z $r ];then
                echo $r
                USEREmptyPassword="$USEREmptyPassword,"$r
            fi
        done    
    done
    echo ""
    echo "相同ID的用户"
    echo "------------"
    USERTheSameUID=""
    UIDs=$(cut -d: -f3 /etc/passwd | sort | uniq -c | awk '$1>1{print $2}')
    for uid in $UIDs;do
        echo -n "$uid";
        USERTheSameUID="$uid"
        r=$(awk -F: 'ORS="";$3=='"$uid"'{print ":",$1}' /etc/passwd)
        echo "$r"
        echo ""
        USERTheSameUID="$USERTheSameUID $r,"
    done
    #报表信息
    report_USERs="$USERs"    #用户
    report_USEREmptyPassword=$(echo $USEREmptyPassword | sed 's/^,//') 
    report_USERTheSameUID=$(echo $USERTheSameUID | sed 's/,$//') 
    report_RootUser=$(echo $RootUser | sed 's/^,//')    #特权用户
}

function getPasswordStatus {
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ 密码检查 ############################"
    pwdfile="$(cat /etc/passwd)"
    echo ""
    echo "密码过期检查"
    echo "------------"
    result=""
    for shell in $(grep -v "/sbin/nologin" /etc/shells);do
        for user in $(echo "$pwdfile" | grep "$shell" | cut -d: -f1);do
            get_expiry_date=$(/usr/bin/chage -l $user | grep 'Password expires' | cut -d: -f2)
            if [[ $get_expiry_date = ' never' || $get_expiry_date = 'never' ]];then
                printf "%-15s 永不过期\n" $user
                result="$result,$user:never"
            else
                password_expiry_date=$(date -d "$get_expiry_date" "+%s")
                current_date=$(date "+%s")
                diff=$(($password_expiry_date-$current_date))
                let DAYS=$(($diff/(60*60*24)))
                printf "%-15s %s天后过期\n" $user $DAYS
                result="$result,$user:$DAYS days"
            fi
        done
    done
    report_PasswordExpiry=$(echo $result | sed 's/^,//')

    echo ""
    echo "密码策略检查"
    echo "------------"
    grep -v "#" /etc/login.defs | grep -E "PASS_MAX_DAYS|PASS_MIN_DAYS|PASS_MIN_LEN|PASS_WARN_AGE"

}

function getSudoersStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ Sudoers检查 #########################"
    conf=$(grep -v "^#" /etc/sudoers| grep -v "^Defaults" | sed '/^$/d')
    echo "$conf"
    echo ""
    #报表信息
    report_Sudoers="$(echo $conf | wc -l)"
}

function getInstalledStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ 软件检查 ############################"
    rpm -qa --last | head | column -t 
}

function getProcessStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ 进程检查 ############################"
    if [ $(ps -ef | grep defunct | grep -v grep | wc -l) -ge 1 ];then
        echo ""
        echo "僵尸进程";
        echo "--------"
        ps -ef | head -n1
        ps -ef | grep defunct | grep -v grep
    fi
    echo ""
    echo "内存占用TOP10"
    echo "-------------"
    echo -e "PID %MEM RSS COMMAND
    $(ps aux | awk '{print $2, $4, $6, $11}' | sort -k3rn | head -n 10 )"| column -t 
    echo ""
    echo "CPU占用TOP10"
    echo "------------"
    top b -n1 | head -17 | tail -11
    #报表信息
    report_DefunctProsess="$(ps -ef | grep defunct | grep -v grep|wc -l)"
}

function getJDKStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ JDK检查 #############################"
    java -version 2>/dev/null
    if [ $? -eq 0 ];then
        java -version 2>&1
    fi
    echo "JAVA_HOME=\"$JAVA_HOME\""
    #报表信息
    report_JDK="$(java -version 2>&1 | grep version | awk '{print $1,$3}' | tr -d '"')"
}
function getSyslogStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ syslog检查 ##########################"
    echo "服务状态:$(getState rsyslog)"
    echo ""
    echo "/etc/rsyslog.conf"
    echo "-----------------"
    cat /etc/rsyslog.conf 2>/dev/null | grep -v "^#" | grep -v "^\\$" | sed '/^$/d'  | column -t
    #报表信息
    report_Syslog="$(getState rsyslog)"
}
function getFirewallStatus(){
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ 防火墙检查 ##########################"
    #防火墙状态,策略等
    if [[ $centosVersion < 7 ]];then
        /etc/init.d/iptables status >/dev/null  2>&1
        status=$?
        if [ $status -eq 0 ];then
                s="active"
        elif [ $status -eq 3 ];then
                s="inactive"
        elif [ $status -eq 4 ];then
                s="permission denied"
        else
                s="unknown"
        fi
    else
        s="$(getState iptables)"
    fi
    echo "iptables: $s"
    echo ""
    echo "/etc/sysconfig/iptables"
    echo "-----------------------"
    cat /etc/sysconfig/iptables 2>/dev/null
    #报表信息
    report_Firewall="$s"
}

function getSNMPStatus(){
    #SNMP服务状态,配置等
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ SNMP检查 ############################"
    status="$(getState snmpd)"
    echo "服务状态:$status"
    echo ""
    if [ -e /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf ];then
        echo "/etc/snmp/snmpd.conf"
        echo "--------------------"
        cat /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf 2>/dev/null | grep -v "^#" | sed '/^$/d'
    fi
    #报表信息
    report_SNMP="$(getState snmpd)"
}

function getState(){
    if [[ $centosVersion < 7 ]];then
        if [ -e "/etc/init.d/$1" ];then
            if [ `/etc/init.d/$1 status 2>/dev/null | grep -E "is running|正在运行" | wc -l` -ge 1 ];then
                r="active"
            else
                r="inactive"
            fi
        else
            r="unknown"
        fi
    else
        #CentOS 7+
        r="$(systemctl is-active $1 2>&1)"
    fi
    echo "$r"
}

function getSSHStatus(){
    #SSHD服务状态,配置,受信任主机等
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ SSH检查 #############################"
    #检查受信任主机
    pwdfile="$(cat /etc/passwd)"
    echo "服务状态:$(getState sshd)"
    Protocol_Version=$(cat /etc/ssh/sshd_config | grep Protocol | awk '{print $2}')
    echo "SSH协议版本:$Protocol_Version"
    echo ""
    echo "信任主机"
    echo "--------"
    authorized=0
    for user in $(echo "$pwdfile" | grep /bin/bash | awk -F: '{print $1}');do
        authorize_file=$(echo "$pwdfile" | grep -w $user | awk -F: '{printf $6"/.ssh/authorized_keys"}')
        authorized_host=$(cat $authorize_file 2>/dev/null | awk '{print $3}' | tr '\n' ',' | sed 's/,$//')
        if [ ! -z $authorized_host ];then
            echo "$user 授权 \"$authorized_host\" 无密码访问"
        fi
        let authorized=authorized+$(cat $authorize_file 2>/dev/null | awk '{print $3}'|wc -l)
    done

    echo ""
    echo "是否允许ROOT远程登录"
    echo "--------------------"
    config=$(cat /etc/ssh/sshd_config | grep PermitRootLogin)
    firstChar=${config:0:1}
    if [ $firstChar == "#" ];then
        PermitRootLogin="yes"  #默认是允许ROOT远程登录的
    else
        PermitRootLogin=$(echo $config | awk '{print $2}')
    fi
    echo "PermitRootLogin $PermitRootLogin"

    echo ""
    echo "/etc/ssh/sshd_config"
    echo "--------------------"
    cat /etc/ssh/sshd_config | grep -v "^#" | sed '/^$/d'

    #报表信息
    report_SSHAuthorized="$authorized"    #SSH信任主机
    report_SSHDProtocolVersion="$Protocol_Version"    #SSH协议版本
    report_SSHDPermitRootLogin="$PermitRootLogin"    #允许root远程登录
}
function getNTPStatus(){
    #NTP服务状态,当前时间,配置等
    echo ""
    echo ""
    echo "############################ NTP检查 #############################"
    if [ -e /etc/ntp.conf ];then
        echo "服务状态:$(getState ntpd)"
        echo ""
        echo "/etc/ntp.conf"
        echo "-------------"
        cat /etc/ntp.conf 2>/dev/null | grep -v "^#" | sed '/^$/d'
    fi
    #报表信息
    report_NTP="$(getState ntpd)"
}

function uploadHostDailyCheckReport(){
    json="{
        \"DateTime\":\"$report_DateTime\",
        \"Hostname\":\"$report_Hostname\",
        \"OSRelease\":\"$report_OSRelease\",
        \"Kernel\":\"$report_Kernel\",
        \"Language\":\"$report_Language\",
        \"LastReboot\":\"$report_LastReboot\",
        \"Uptime\":\"$report_Uptime\",
        \"CPUs\":\"$report_CPUs\",
        \"CPUType\":\"$report_CPUType\",
        \"Arch\":\"$report_Arch\",
        \"MemTotal\":\"$report_MemTotal\",
        \"MemFree\":\"$report_MemFree\",
        \"MemUsedPercent\":\"$report_MemUsedPercent\",
        \"DiskTotal\":\"$report_DiskTotal\",
        \"DiskFree\":\"$report_DiskFree\",
        \"DiskUsedPercent\":\"$report_DiskUsedPercent\",
        \"InodeTotal\":\"$report_InodeTotal\",
        \"InodeFree\":\"$report_InodeFree\",
        \"InodeUsedPercent\":\"$report_InodeUsedPercent\",
        \"IP\":\"$report_IP\",
        \"MAC\":\"$report_MAC\",
        \"Gateway\":\"$report_Gateway\",
        \"DNS\":\"$report_DNS\",
        \"Listen\":\"$report_Listen\",
        \"Selinux\":\"$report_Selinux\",
        \"Firewall\":\"$report_Firewall\",
        \"USERs\":\"$report_USERs\",
        \"USEREmptyPassword\":\"$report_USEREmptyPassword\",
        \"USERTheSameUID\":\"$report_USERTheSameUID\",
        \"PasswordExpiry\":\"$report_PasswordExpiry\",
        \"RootUser\":\"$report_RootUser\",
        \"Sudoers\":\"$report_Sudoers\",
        \"SSHAuthorized\":\"$report_SSHAuthorized\",
        \"SSHDProtocolVersion\":\"$report_SSHDProtocolVersion\",
        \"SSHDPermitRootLogin\":\"$report_SSHDPermitRootLogin\",
        \"DefunctProsess\":\"$report_DefunctProsess\",
        \"SelfInitiatedService\":\"$report_SelfInitiatedService\",
        \"SelfInitiatedProgram\":\"$report_SelfInitiatedProgram\",
        \"RuningService\":\"$report_RuningService\",
        \"Crontab\":\"$report_Crontab\",
        \"Syslog\":\"$report_Syslog\",
        \"SNMP\":\"$report_SNMP\",
        \"NTP\":\"$report_NTP\",
        \"JDK\":\"$report_JDK\"
    }"
    #echo "$json" 
    curl -l -H "Content-type: application/json" -X POST -d "$json" "$uploadHostDailyCheckReportApi" 2>/dev/null
}

function check(){
    version
    getSystemStatus
    getCpuStatus
    getMemStatus
    getDiskStatus
    getNetworkStatus
    getListenStatus
    getProcessStatus
    getServiceStatus
    getAutoStartStatus
    getLoginStatus
    getCronStatus
    getUserStatus
    getPasswordStatus
    getSudoersStatus
    getJDKStatus
    getFirewallStatus
    getSSHStatus
    getSyslogStatus
    getSNMPStatus
    getNTPStatus
    getInstalledStatus
}

#执行检查并保存检查结果
check > $RESULTFILE

脚本会将巡检结果保存到/var/log/HostDailyCheck/路径下,以时间方式进行命名
windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告
可以查看巡检内容
windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告

windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告

配置计划任务,定期每日执行
0 23 * * * bash /root/HostDailyCheck.sh

windows配置rsync服务器

因为日常运维主机是windows,需要配置第三方软件作为服务器。如果是linux的话,配置rsync服务器会比较简单。

cwRsyncServer服务端配置

下载地址:

https://www.backupassist.com/rsync/

安装cwRsyncServer_4.2.0_Installer

windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告
下一步
windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告
下一步
windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告
这个安装路径,也是作为rsync同步保存的路径

windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告

Service account:rsync(新建的一个系统账户)

Type password:123456(密码)

Confirm password:123456(密码)
Install (安装)
windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告
Close(关闭),安装完成

开始-设置-控制面板-管理工具-服务

找到RsyncSever选项,双击打开

启动类型:自动

点“启动”
windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告
应用-确定
在window7中创建一个存放文件的目录(rsync同步用的),我这里创建的是G:\linux_server_log
windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告

右击目录,打开属性——安全,把安装rsyncd时,设置的帐号添加进来,并设置权限为完全控制(我安装rsyncd的时候,设置了帐号是rsync,密码123456):
windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告

修改配置文件:
windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告
打开G:\linux_server_log\ICW\rsyncd.conf
修改内容大致如下:

use chroot = false
strict modes = false
hosts allow = *
log file = rsyncd.log

# Module definitions
# Remember cygwin naming conventions : c:\work becomes /cygwin/c/work
#
[172.31.101.12]
path = /cygdrive/g/linux_server_log/172.31.101.12
read only = false
transfer logging = yes
auth users = rsync
secrets file = etc/rsyncd.secrets.txt
UID = 0
GID = 0

[172.31.101.24]
path = /cygdrive/g/linux_server_log/172.31.101.24
read only = false
transfer logging = yes
auth users = rsync
secrets file = etc/rsyncd.secrets.txt
UID = 0
GID = 0

[172.31.101.20]
path = /cygdrive/g/linux_server_log/172.31.101.20
read only = false
transfer logging = yes
auth users = rsync
secrets file = etc/rsyncd.secrets.txt
UID = 0
GID = 0

说明:
1、[172.31.101.12],[172.31.101.24]就是同步文件的目录,我这里以linux主机ip地址方式命名,方便区分,有多个客户端需要进行rsync同步的话就要配置中添加多个配置
2、注意path路径,path = /cygdrive/是固定的,不要改,后面连接的/g/linux_server_log/172.31.101.12,则是我们刚才所建的目录路径,刚才我是建在G盘的,g/linux_server_log/172.31.101.12

其他参数详解:
read only = true #客户端只读

list = no#不允许列出文件

hosts allow=192.168.0.141 #允许连接IP,多个IP中间用英文状态下逗号隔,不限制IP填写*即可

auth users =rsync #允许连接的用户名

secrets file = etc/rsyncd.secrets #存放用户名密码的认证文件路径
建rsync同步帐号密码文件:

进入:G:\linux_server_log\ICW\etc,创建文件:rsyncd.secrets,文件里输入 rsync:123456,rsync是同步帐号,123456是同步密码
windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告
cwRsyncServer服务端安装设置完成

Rsync客户端配置

基于centos7 安装

yum install rsync -y

然后创建rsync客户端同步密码文件

vim /root/rysnc_passwd.txtch

windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告
设置密码文件权限

chmod 600  /root/rysnc_passwd.txt

测试rsync数据同步

rsync -vza  --progress  /var/log/HostDailyCheck  --port=873 rsync@172.31.101.110::172.31.101.45 --password-file=/root/rysnc_passwd.txt

windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告
同步正常
关于rsync工具使用和命令参数,参考https://jaywcjlove.gitee.io/linux-command/c/rsync.html
然后我们编写同步脚本

touch /root/rysncbak.sh
cat << EOF > /root/rysncbak.sh
#!/bin/sh
rsync -vza  --progress  /var/log/HostDailyCheck  --port=873 rsync@172.31.101.110::172.31.101.45 --password-file=/root/rysnc_passwd.txt 
EOF
chmod +x  /root/rysncbak.sh

脚本完成后,开启加护任务,每天定时执行

crontab -e

按照如下方式编写计划任务
windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告
至此每天都会定时运行主机巡检脚本,同时会将巡检结果同步

检查巡检日志

完成所有的配置后,我们每天就可以收集到所有linux主机日志状态检查
windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告

windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告

windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告

windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告

windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告

windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告

windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告
windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告

windows上配置rsync服务器收集linux主机巡检报告

工作又轻松了