第一步:

Vim安装:首先将命令窗口切换成超用户,然后在命令窗口输入 yum install vim命令进入vim相关软件的下载

wKiom1dpB76CPiBfAAEwS8TcJXA041.png-wh_50

wKioL1dpB87jhOugAADjL2AO76M250.png-wh_50

在命令窗口输入# rpm -qa |grep vim查看vim相关软件包是否已安装

需安装的vim相关软件:

vim-enhanced-7.2.411-1.4.el6.x86_64

vim-common-7.2.411-1.4.el6.x86_64

vim-minimal-7.2.411-1.4.el6.x86_64

vim-X11-7.2.411-1.4.el6.x86_64

wKiom1dpCJaDZkDwAAA2bgZDpfQ623.png-wh_50

第二步:

配置vim,在超用户下touch一个 .vimrc文件,然后ls -a查看文件是否建立成功

wKioL1dpCRLCWAU9AADz37_B_gg684.png-wh_50

在命令窗口输入vim  .vimrc,进入配置窗口,输入以下配置,并保存

wKiom1dpCWnyyEVSAABBYt8bkew255.png-wh_50

在配置窗口输入以下配置:

set number                          显示行号
set autoindent                     自动对齐
set smartindent                   智能对齐
set showmatch                    括号匹配模式
set ruler                               显示状态行
set incsearch                       搜索时一边输入一边显示效果
set tabstop=4                       tab键为4个空格
set shiftwidth=4           缩进空格数为4
set cindent                           C语言格式对齐
set nobackup                       不要备份文件
set clipboard+=unnamed     windows共享剪贴板
syntax on                             语法高亮

set mouse=a                         鼠标支持

set helplang=cn  

set encoding=utf-8  

set cscopequickfix=s-,c-,d-,i-,t-,e-  

nmap <C-_>s :cs find s <C-R>=expand("<cword>")<CR><CR>  

nmap <C-_>g :cs find g <C-R>=expand("<cword>")<CR><CR>  

nmap <C-_>c :cs find c <C-R>=expand("<cword>")<CR><CR>  

nmap <C-_>t :cs find t <C-R>=expand("<cword>")<CR><CR>  

nmap <C-_>e :cs find e <C-R>=expand("<cword>")<CR><CR>  

nmap <C-_>f :cs find f <C-R>=expand("<cfile>")<CR><CR>  

nmap <C-_>i :cs find i ^<C-R>=expand("<cfile>")<CR>$<CR>  

nmap <C-_>d :cs find d <C-R>=expand("<cword>")<CR><CR>  

let g:miniBufExplMapCTabSwitchBufs = 1  

let g:miniBufExplMapWindowNavVim = 1  

let g:miniBufExplMapWindowNavArrows = 1  

nnoremap <silent> <F12> :A<CR>  

nnoremap <silent> <F3> :Grep<CR>  

let g:SuperTabRetainCompletionType=2  

let g:SuperTabDefaultCompletionType="<C-X><C-O>"  

" 自动语法高亮  

 syntax on  

" 检测文件类型  

filetype on  

" 检测文件类型插件  

filetype plugin on  

" 不设定在插入状态无法用退格键和 Delete 键删除回车符  

set backspace=indent,eol,start  

set whichwrap+=<,>,h,l  

" 显示行号  

set number  

" 上下可视行数  

set scrolloff=6  

" replace tab with space  

set expandtab  

" 设定 tab 长度为 4  

set tabstop=4  

" 设置按BackSpace的时候可以一次删除掉4个空格  

set softtabstop=4  

" 设定 << 和 >> 命令移动时的宽度为 4  

set shiftwidth=4  

set smarttab  

set history=1024  

" 不突出显示当前行  

set nocursorline  

" 覆盖文件时不备份  

set nobackup  

" 自动切换当前目录为当前文件所在的目录  

set autochdir  

" 搜索时忽略大小写,但在有一个或以上大写字母时仍大小写敏感  

set ignorecase  

set smartcase  

" 搜索到文件两端时不重新搜索  

set nowrapscan  

" 实时搜索  

set incsearch  

" 搜索时高亮显示被找到的文本  

set hlsearch  

" 关闭错误声音  

set noerrorbells  

set novisualbell  

"set t_vb=  

  

" 不自动换行  

"set nowrap  

"How many tenths of a second to blink  

set mat=2  

" 允许在有未保存的修改时切换缓冲区,此时的修改由 vim 负责保存  

set hidden  

" 智能自动缩进  

set smartindent  

" 设定命令行的行数为 1  

set cmdheight=1  

" 显示状态栏 (默认值为 1, 无法显示状态栏)  

set laststatus=2  

"显示括号配对情况  

set showmatch  

  

" 解决自动换行格式下, 如高度在折行之后超过窗口高度结果这一行看不到的问题  

set display=lastline  

" 设定配色方案  

colorscheme evening  

" 设置在状态行显示的信息  

set statusline=\ %<%F[%1*%M%*%n%R%H]%=\ %y\ %0(%{&fileformat}\ [%{(&fenc==\"\"?&enc:&fenc).(&bomb?\",BOM\":\"\")}]\ %c:%l/%L%)  

  

" 显示Tab符  

set list  

set listchars=tab:\|\ ,trail:.,extends:>,precedes:<  

"启动时不显示 捐赠提示  

set shortmess=atl  

  

"blank      空白  

"buffers    缓冲区  

"curdir     当前目录  

"folds      折叠  

"help       帮助  

"options    选项  

"tabpages   选项卡  

"winsize    窗口大小  

"slash      转换文件路径中的\为/以使session文件兼容unix  

"unix       设置session文件中的换行模式为unix  

set sessionoptions=blank,buffers,curdir,folds,help,options,tabpages,winsize,slash,unix,resize  

  

" 允许backspace和光标键跨越行边界  

set whichwrap+=<,>,h,l  

" backspace  

set backspace=eol,start,indent  

  

" 可以在buffer的任何地方使用鼠标(类似office中在工作区双击鼠标定位)  

set mouse=a  

set selection=exclusive  

set selectmode=mouse,key  

  

" 在被分割的窗口间显示空白,便于阅读  

set fillchars=vert:\ ,stl:\ ,stlnc:\  

  

" 高亮显示匹配的括号  

set showmatch  

  

" 匹配括号高亮的时间(单位是十分之一秒)  

set matchtime=5  

  

"编码设置  

set enc=utf-8  

set fencs=utf-8,ucs-bom,shift-jis,gb18030,gbk,gb2312,cp936  

  

" set mapleader  

let mapleader=","  

  

nmap J 5j  

nmap K 5k  

  

" Ctrl+a  

nmap <silent> <C-a> ggvG$  

  

" 选中状态下 Ctrl+c 复制  

vnoremap <c-c> "+y  

  

" Ctrl+v  

nmap <silent> <C-v> "+p  

  

" 窗口切换  

nnoremap <c-h> <c-w>h  

nnoremap <c-l> <c-w>l  

nnoremap <c-j> <c-w>j  

nnoremap <c-k> <c-w>k  

  

" 插入模式下上下左右移动光标  

inoremap <c-h> <left>  

inoremap <c-l> <right>  

inoremap <c-j> <c-o>gj  

inoremap <c-k> <c-o>gk  

  

" Ctrl+s  

" If the current buffer has never been saved, it will have no name,  

" call the file browser to save it, otherwise just save it.  

"nnoremap <silent> <C-S> :if expand("%") == ""<CR>browse confirm w<CR>else<CR>confirm w<CR>endif<CR>  

"imap <c-s> <c-o><c-s><CR>  

" Use CTRL-S for saving, also in Insert mode  

nmap <C-S> :update<CR>  

vmap <C-S> <C-C>:update<CR>  

imap <C-S> <C-O>:update<CR>  

  

" C++的编译和运行  

"map <F6> :call CompileRunGpp()<CR>  

"func! CompileRunGpp()  

"exec "w"  

"exec "!g++ % -o %<"  

"exec "! ./%<"  

"endfunc  

map <F10> :call RunGpp()<cr>    

func! RunGpp()    

exec "w"    

exec "! ./%<"    

endfunc    

  

"vim plugin setting  

  

"======================"  

set tags=tags  

set tags+=~/.vim/my-tags/tags  

set tags+=~/.vim/my-tags/stl-tags  

set tags+=~/.vim/my-tags/sys-tags  

set autochdir    

"Update ctags    

map <silent> <F8> :!ctags -R --c++-kinds=+p --fields=+iaS --extra=+q<cr>   

  

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""  

   " Tag list (ctags)  

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""  

"if MySys() == "windows"                "设定windows系统中ctags程序的位置  

"   let Tlist_Ctags_Cmd = 'ctags'  

"elseif MySys() == "linux"              "设定Linux系统中ctags程序的位置  

   let Tlist_Ctags_Cmd = '/home/sphinx/.vim/ctags-5.8/ctags'  

"endif  

  

let Tlist_Show_One_File = 1            "不同时显示多个文件的tag,只显示当前文件的  

let Tlist_Exit_OnlyWindow = 1          "如果taglist窗口是最后一个窗口,则退出vim  

let Tlist_Use_Right_Window = 0         "在右侧窗口中显示taglist窗口  

let Tlist_OnlyWindow=1  

  

"let Tlist_Use_Right_Window=0  

"let Tlist_Sort_Type='name'  

"let Tlist_Show_Menu=1  

"let Tlist_Max_Submenu_Items=10  

"let Tlist_Max_Tag_length=16     "20  

"let Tlist_Use_SingleClick=0  

"let Tlist_Auto_Open=0  

"let Tlist_Close_On_Select=0  

"let Tlist_File_Fold_Auto_Close=1  

"let Tlist_GainFocus_On_ToggleOpen=0  

"let Tlist_Process_File_Always=1  

"let Tlist_WinHeight=10  

"let Tlist_WinWidth=18  

"let Tlist_Use_Horiz_Window=0  

  

let Tlist_Auto_Highlight_Tag = 1  

"let Tlist_Auto_Open = 1  

let Tlist_Auto_Update = 1  

let Tlist_Close_On_Select = 0  

let Tlist_Compact_Format = 0  

let Tlist_Display_Prototype = 0  

let Tlist_Display_Tag_Scope = 1  

let Tlist_Enable_Fold_Column = 0  

let Tlist_File_Fold_Auto_Close = 0  

let Tlist_GainFocus_On_ToggleOpen = 1  

let Tlist_Hightlight_Tag_On_BufEnter = 1  

let Tlist_Inc_Winwidth = 0  

let Tlist_Max_Submenu_Items = 1  

let Tlist_Max_Tag_Length = 30  

let Tlist_Process_File_Always = 0  

let Tlist_Show_Menu = 0  

let Tlist_Sort_Type = "order"  

let Tlist_Use_Horiz_Window = 0  

let Tlist_WinWidth = 31  

  

map <F12> :TlistOpen<CR>  

  

"OMNI  

"omnicppcoplete    

"-- omnicppcomplete setting --     

set completeopt=menu,menuone     

let OmniCpp_MayCompleteDot = 1     

" autocomplete with .     

let OmniCpp_MayCompleteArrow = 1     

" autocomplete with ->     

let OmniCpp_MayCompleteScope = 1     

" autocomplete with ::     

let OmniCpp_SelectFirstItem = 2     

" select first item (but don't insert)     

let OmniCpp_NamespaceSearch = 2     

" search namespaces in this and included files     

let OmniCpp_ShowPrototypeInAbbr = 1     

" show function prototype in popup window     

let OmniCpp_GlobalScopeSearch=1     

let OmniCpp_DisplayMode=1     

let OmniCpp_DefaultNamespaces=["std"]    

set nocp    

filetype plugin on    

  

"WinManager  

let g:winManagerWindowLayout='FileExplorer|TagList'  

"let g:winManagerWindowLayout='FileExplorer|BufExplorer|TagList'  

let g:persistentBehaviour=0  

let g:winManagerWidth=20  

let g:defaultExplorer=1  

nmap wm :WMToggle<cr>  

  

"QuickFix  

nmap <F6> :cn<cr>  

nmap <F7> :cp<cr>  

  

"MiniBufExplorer  

"let g:miniBufExplMapWindowNavVim = 1  

"let g:miniBufExplMapWindowNavArrows = 1  

let g:miniBufExplModSelTarget = 1  

let g:miniBufExplorerMoreThanOne = 2  

let g:miniBufExplModSelTarget = 0  

let g:miniBufExplUseSingleClick = 1  

let g:miniBufExplMapWindowNavVim = 1  

let g:miniBufExplVSplit = 15    "25  

let g:miniBufExplSplitBelow=1  

  

let g:bufExplorerSortBy = "name"  

  

autocmd BufRead,BufNew :call UMiniBufExplorer  

  

map <leader>u :TMiniBufExplorer<cr>  

  

  

"AutoClose  

"let g:AutoClosePairs = {'(': ')', '{': '}', '[': ']', '"': '"', "'": "'"}  

let g:AutoClosePairs = {'(': ')', '{': '}', '[': ']', '"': '"', "'": "'"}   

"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""   

"   Maintainer:   

"   "       Geek SphinX  

"   "       topcodersphinx@gmail.com  

"   "  

"   "   Version:  

"   "       1.0 - Thu Nov  1 17:21:44 CST 2012  

"   "  

"   """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""  

  

" Sets how many lines of history VIM has to remember  

" set history=1024  

"  

" " Auto syntax highlight  

" set syntax=on  

"  

" " Check file format  

" filetype on  

"  

" " Enable filetype plugins  

" filetype plugin on  

" filetype indent on  

"  

" " Sets non VI compatible mode  

" set nocompatible  

"  

" " Set to auto read when a file is changed from the outside  

" set autoread  

"  

" " With a map leader it's possible to do extra key combinations  

" " like <leader>w saves the current file  

" let mapleader = ","  

" let g:mapleader = ","  

"  

" " Fast saving  

" nmap <leader>w :w<cr>  

" nmap <leader>q :q<cr>  

"  

" """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""  

" " => VIM user interface  

" """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""  

" " Replace J, K  

" nmap J 5j  

" nmap K 5k  

"  

" " Ctrl+A to select all content in visual mode  

" nmap <silent> <C-a> ggvG$  

"  

" " Ctrl+C to copy  

" vnoremap <C-c> "+y  

"  

" " Ctrl+V to paste  

" nmap <silent> <C-v> "+p  

"  

" " Set 7 lines to the cursor - when moving vertically using j/k  

" set so=7  

"  

" " Turn on the Wild menu  

" set wildmenu  

"  

" " Ignore compiled files  

" set wildignore=*.o,*~,*.pyc  

"  

" "Always show current position  

" set ruler  

"  

" " Height of the command bar  

" set cmdheight=2  

"  

" " A buffer becomes hidden when it is abandoned  

" set hid  

"  

" " Configure backspace so it acts as it should act  

" set whichwrap+=<,>  

" set backspace=indent,eol,start  

"  

" " Ignore case when searching  

" set ignorecase  

"  

" " When searching try to be smart about cases   

" set smartcase  

"  

" " Highlight search results  

" set hlsearch  

"  

" " Makes search act like search in modern browsers  

" set incsearch  

"  

" " Don't redraw while executing macros (good performance config)  

" set lazyredraw  

"  

" " For regular expressions turn magic on  

" set magic  

"  

" " Show matching brackets when text indicator is over them  

" set showmatch  

"  

" " How many tenths of a second to blink when matching brackets  

" set mat=2  

"  

" " No annoying sound on errors set noerrorbells  

" set novisualbell  

" set t_vb=  

" set tm=500  

"  

" " Show line number  

" set number  

"  

" " Highlight over 80 columns  

" highlight OverLength ctermbg=red ctermfg=white guibg=#592929  

" match OverLength /\%81v.\+/  

"  

" " Show Tab symbol  

" set list  

" set listchars=tab:\|\ ,trail:.,extends:>,precedes:<  

"  

" " Switch windows  

" nnoremap <C-h> <C-w>h  

" nnoremap <C-l> <C-w>l  

" nnoremap <C-j> <C-w>j  

" nnoremap <C-k> <C-w>k  

"  

" " Move cursor in insert mode  

" inoremap <C-h> <C-o>h  

" inoremap <C-l> <C-o>l  

" inoremap <C-j> <C-o>j  

" inoremap <C-k> <C-o>k  

"  

"  

" """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""  

" " => Colors and Fonts  

" """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""  

" " Enable syntax highlighting  

" syntax enable  

"  

" "colorscheme desert  

" colorscheme molokai  

" set background=dark  

"  

" " Set extra options when running in GUI mode  

" if has("gui_running")  

"     set guioptions-=T  

"         set guioptions+=e  

"             set t_Co=256  

"                 set guitablabel=%M\ %t  

"                 endif  

"  

"                 " Set utf8 as standard encoding and en_US as the standard  

"                 language  

"                 set encoding=utf8  

"  

"                 " Use Unix as the standard file type  

"                 set ffs=unix,dos,mac  

"  

"                 " Use Inconsolata as the gui font  

"                 set guifont=Inconsolata\ 15  

"  

"                 """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""  

" => Text, tab and indent related  

" """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""  

" " Use spaces instead of tabs  

" set expandtab  

"  

" " Be smart when using tabs ;)  

" set smarttab  

"  

" " 1 tab == 4 spaces  

" set shiftwidth=4  

" set tabstop=4  

"  

" " Linebreak on 500 characters  

" set lbr  

" set tw=500  

"  

" set ai "Auto indent  

" set si "Smart indent  

" set wrap "Wrap lines  

"  

"  

" """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""  

" " => Status line  

" """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""  

" " Always show the status line  

" set laststatus=2  

"  

" " Format the status line  

" "set statusline=\ %{HasPaste()}%F%m%r%h\ %w\ \ CWD:\ %r%{getcwd()}%h\ \ \  

" Line:\ %l  

"  

"  

" """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""  

" " => Mouse  

" """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""  

" set mouse=a  

" set selection=exclusive  

" set selectmode=mouse,key  

"  

" """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""  

" " => Plugins  

" """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""  


g++/gdb/ctags的配置:

g++的配置

在命令窗口输入yum install gcc-c++
gdb的配置

在命令窗口输入yum install gdb

卸载原有GDB

1. 查询 gdb是否安装

[root@test01~]# rpm -qa |grep gdb

gdb-7.0.1-37.el5_7.1

gdbm-1.8.0-26.2.1

2. 删除包

rpm-e --nodeps gdb-7.0.1-37.el5_7.1

ctags的配置

在命令窗口输入yum install ctags