1.在网上下载源码

mysql-5.5.15-linux2.6-i686.tar.gz //为绿色软件

php-5.3.7.tar.bz2

httpd-2.2.19.tar.bz2

2.编译环境

安装gcc glib 包含着开发工具中

Development Tools --开发工具

Legacy Software Development -- 传统软件开发工具

Development Libraries –开发工具库

Java development –源代码基于java

如果是图形的软件包

Kde环境需要安装:

Kde software developmen

t Gnome环境需要安装:

Gnome software development

X software development

3.安装过程

删除已经安装过的包及安装产生的文件

1扩展的查询

rpm -qa |grep -E "http|php|mysql" –查看包是否已经安装

--源码安装需要卸载,安装全新的

# yum remove httpd

# yum remove mysql # yum remove php-common-5.1.6-23.el5

2删除已安装产生的配置文件

cd /etc/httpd

 rm -fr *

额外被安装的软件一般都安装到/usr/local目录下

额外被安装的源代码一般都安装在/usr/local/src and /usr/src mysql源码安装过程

[root@localhost ~]# tar zxvf mysql-5.5.15-linux2.6-i686.tar.gz -C /usr/local/

[root@localhost ~]# cd /usr/local/

[root@localhost local]# ln -s mysql-5.5.15-linux2.6-i686/ mysql   //做链接

[root@localhost local]# cd mysql

[root@localhost mysql]# less INSTALL-BINARY  //查看安装信息

安装步骤

sequence looks like this:

shell> groupadd mysql    //建立用户组

shell> useradd -r -g mysql mysql  //建立系统账户属于mysql组

shell> cd /usr/local

shell> tar zxvf /path/to/mysql-VERSION-OS.tar.gz

 shell> ln -s full-path-to-mysql-VERSION-OS mysql

shell> cd mysql                               //上面已经做过

shell> chown -R mysql .  //改变所有文件属有者为mysql

shell> chgrp -R mysql .    //改变所有文件的属组为mysql

shell> scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql  //生成初始库

shell> chown -R root .   //改回来所有者所属组

shell> chown -R mysql data   // 改变data用户

# Next command is optional

shell> cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf   //生成配置脚本

shell> bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &     //以mysql的身份启动mysql

# Next command is optional

shell> cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql.server //生成服务的启动脚本 [root@localhost mysql]# less INSTALL-BINARY

[root@localhost mysql]# groupadd mysql

[root@localhost mysql]# useradd -r -g mysql mysql

[root@localhost mysql]#  scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql

Installing MySQL system tables... OK

Filling help tables... OK

 

[root@localhost mysql]# chown -R root .

[root@localhost mysql]# chown -R mysql data

[root@localhost mysql]# bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &

[root@localhost mysql]# netstat -tupln |grep mysql

tcp        0      0 :::3306                     :::*                        LISTEN      5103/mysqld   

[root@localhost mysql]# cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld  //生成服务的启动脚本service mysqld start

--chkconfig管理mysqld服务

[root@localhost mysql]# chkconfig  --add mysqld

[root@localhost mysql]# vim /etc/init.d/mysqld

# chkconfig: 2345 64 36

--启动优先级序列号是 64 被杀死的号是36

[root@localhost mysql]# chkconfig  mysqld on   //设置开机启动

[root@localhost mysql]# chkconfig  --list  mysqld mysqld            

0:关闭    1:关闭    2:启用    3:启用    4:启用    5:启用    6:关闭

更改库文件

标准库文件存放目录

/lib

/usr/lib

/usr/local/lib

库文件存放三个文件里系统会自动找到

[root@localhost mysql]# vim /etc/ld.so.conf

include ld.so.conf.d/*.conf

--定义不标准软件包安装的库文件存放位置

[root@localhost mysql]# cd /etc/ld.so.conf.d/

[root@localhost ld.so.conf.d]# vim mysql.conf   //创建新的库文件路径指向文件

/usr/local/mysql/lib

[root@localhost ld.so.conf.d]# ldconfig -v |grep mysql   //重新加载库文件--查看能否加载上

/usr/local/mysql/lib:   

 libmysqlclient.so.18 -> libmysqlclient_r.so.18.0.0   //已经加载

更改头文件

-头文件存放位置

/usr/include

/usr/local/include

[root@localhost ld.so.conf.d]# cd /usr/include/

[root@localhost include]# ln -s /usr/local/mysql/include/ mysql   //连接到mysql的头文件命名为mysql

apache源码安装过程

[root@localhost ~]# tar -jxvf httpd-2.2.19.tar.bz2 -C /usr/src/

[root@localhost ~]# cd /usr/src/

[root@localhost src]# ll

总计 20

drwxr-xr-x 11  500 mysql 4096 2011-05-21 httpd-2.2.19

drwxr-xr-x  3 root root  4096 2012-08-11 kernels

drwxr-xr-x  7 root root  4096 2012-08-11 redhat

[root@localhost src]# cd httpd-2.2.19/

[root@localhost httpd-2.2.19]# less INSTALL                     //安装说明文档

http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/install.html

     $ ./configure --prefix=PREFIX
     $ make
     $ make install
     $ PREFIX/bin/apachectl start     //配置步骤

[root@localhost httpd-2.2.19]# ./configure –help        //查看帮助文档

--prefix=PREFIX         install architecture-independent files in PREFIX
                          [/usr/local/apache2]        //安装的路径

--sysconfdir=DIR      read-only single-machine data [PREFIX/etc]    //配置脚本存放位置

--enable-so              DSO capability  //开启DSO (动态共享对象)

--with-z=DIR            zlib use a specific zlib library    //使用zlib库需要安装  (确保安装了zlib 以及 zlib-devel)

--enable-ssl            SSL/TLS support (mod_ssl)         //启用加密

[root@localhost httpd-2.2.19]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache --sysconfdir=/etc/httpd --enable-so --with-z  --enable-ssl

会检测预编译环境

[root@localhost httpd-2.2.19]# make               //编译

[root@localhost httpd-2.2.19]# make install      //安装

[root@localhost httpd-2.2.19]# cd /usr/local/apache/    //产生的apache目录

[root@localhost apache]# ./bin/apachectl  start           //启动apache

[root@localhost apache]# vim  /etc/rc.d/rc.local               //编写开机脚本

touch /var/lock/subsys/local
/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start

[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/profile                                 //为了启动方便修改环境变量

HOSTNAME=`/bin/hostname`

HISTSIZE=1000

if [ -z "$INPUTRC" -a ! -f "$HOME/.inputrc" ]; then

INPUTRC=/etc/inputrc

fi

PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/apache/bin                                 //添加的环境变量

export PATH USER LOGNAME MAIL HOSTNAME HISTSIZE INPUTRC        //在这里边添加环境变量

//要想使生效注销一次在登录就生效了 不用注销的就可以生效的方法是执行下命令

[root@localhost ~]# . /etc/profile

[root@localhost ~]# echo $PATH                    //查看添加的结果

/usr/local/apache/bin

[root@localhost ~]# apachectl stop              //这是在任何位置都可以启动和停止

[root@localhost apache]# cd /usr/include/                       //进到标准头文件

[root@localhost include]# ln -s /usr/local/apache/include apache    //做一个链接到apache的头文件

[root@localhost include]# cd /etc/ld.so.conf.d/                  //链接库文件

[root@localhost ld.so.conf.d]# vim  apache.conf /usr/local/apache/lib

[root@localhost ld.so.conf.d]# ldconfig -v |grep apache          //重新加载

/usr/local/apache/lib:

[root@localhost ld.so.conf.d]# ldconfig -pv |grep apache    //查看是否加载成功

    libaprutil-1.so.0 (libc6) => /usr/local/apache/lib/libaprutil-1.so.0
    libaprutil-1.so (libc6) => /usr/local/apache/lib/libaprutil-1.so
    libapr-1.so.0 (libc6) => /usr/local/apache/lib/libapr-1.so.0
    libapr-1.so (libc6) => /usr/local/apache/lib/libapr-1.so

Php的源码安装

php作为apache的模块被调用

[root@localhost ~]# tar -jxvf php-5.3.7.tar.bz2  -C /usr/src/

[root@localhost ~]# cd /usr/src/php-5.3.7/

[root@localhost php-5.3.7]# less INSTALL

Example #1 Installation Instructions (Apache Shared Module Version) for
   PHP
1.  gunzip apache_xxx.tar.gz
2.  tar -xvf apache_xxx.tar
3.  gunzip php-xxx.tar.gz
4.  tar -xvf php-xxx.tar
5.  cd apache_xxx
6.  ./configure --prefix=/www --enable-module=so
7.  make
8.  make install
9.  cd ../php-xxx

[root@localhost php-5.3.7]# ./configure -help

--prefix                                 //安装路径
--with-apxs2                        //指明apache调用php模块的工具的路径和名称
--enable-mbstring                //字符串支持
--with-mysql                       //指明mysql的路径
--with-mysqli                      //指明mysql_config的路径名称

[root@localhost php-5.3.7]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs  --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config  --enable-mbstring=all

[root@localhost php-5.3.7]# make

[root@localhost php-5.3.7]# make install

[root@localhost php-5.3.7]# vim  /etc/httpd/httpd.conf

105 DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache/htdocs"             //网页主页位置

[root@localhost php-5.3.7]# cd /usr/local/apache/htdocs/

[root@localhost htdocs]# ll

total 4

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 44 Nov 21 2004 index.html

[root@localhost htdocs]# vim  index.html

<html><body><h1>It works!</h1></body></html>

<?php

phpinfo();

?>

[root@localhost htdocs]# mv index.html index.php

[root@localhost htdocs]# vim  /etc/httpd/httpd.conf    //配置

167 DirectoryIndex index.php index.html                //添加index.php

310 AddType application/x-httpd-php .php             //添加   (调用php模块)

 [root@localhost htdocs]# apachectl stop

[root@localhost htdocs]# apachectl start

在客户端测试输入http://192.168.145.100

image

[root@localhost htdocs]# vim index.php       //测试mysql能否链接

<?php

$link=mysql_connect('127.0.0.1','root','');

if($link)

echo "ok";

else

echo "failer";

?>

image

ok说明可以连接上