Unit 1
1. idle 2. justify 3. discount 4. distinct 5. minute
6.accused 7. object 8. contaminate 9. sustain 10. worship

1. accusing... of 2. end up 3. came upon 4. at her worst 5. pa:
6. run a risk of 7. participate in 8. other than 9. object to/objected
1. K 2. G 3. C 4. E 5. N 6.0 7.1 8. L 9. A 10. D
1. delay 2. pain 3. hardship 4. suffering 5. fever
6. defeat 7. poverty 8. treatment 9. noise 10. agony
Word building
1. justify 2. glorify 3. exemplifies 4. classified
5. purified 6. intensify 7. identify 8. terrified
1. bravery 2. jewelry 3. delivery 4. machinery
5. robbery 6. nursery 7. scenery 8. discovery
sentence Structure
1. other than for funerals and weddings
2. other than to live an independent life
3. other than that they appealed to his eye . . `
4. but other than that, he'll eat just about everything .
5. other than that it's somewhere in the town center
1. shouldn't have been to the cinema last night
2. would have; told him the answer
3. they needn't have gone at all
4. must have had too much work to do
5. might have been injured seriously

1 .B 2.A 3.C 4.D 5. B 6.A 7.B 8.A 9. C 10.A
II.D 12.C 13. D 14.A 15. C 16.D 17.B 18.C I9. A 20.D

Unit 2
Section A
Comprehension o f the text
1. He lived a poor and miserable life during his childhood.
2. Because no one in Britain appeared to appreciate his talent for comedy. His comic figures did not
conform to British standards.
3. Because his dress and behavior didn't seem that English.
4. It was the first movie in which Chaplin spoke.
5. He used his physical senses to invent his art as he went along without a prepared script.
6. His transformation of lifeless objects into other kinds of objects, plus the skill with which he
executed it again and again.
7. She brought stability and happiness to him and became a center of calm in his family.
8. Comic.
1. coarse 2. betrayed 3. incident 4. postponed 5. execute
6. surrounding 7. applause 8. extraordinary 9. clumsy 10. sparked
1. for 2. against 3. up 4. about 5. up
6. to 7. down 8. down 9. in 10. on
l. I 2.J 3.B 4.D 5.E 6.G 7.F 8.L 9.N 10.A
Collocation<br />VI.
1. service 2. help/hand 3. influence 4. guarantee 5. visit
6. span . 7. welcome 8. spirit 9. duties 10. buildings
Word Building
1. artist 2. terrorist 3. novelist 4. activists
5. biologists 6. idealist 7. capitalists 8. tourist
1. terrorism 2. industrialism 3. realism 4. idealism
5. criticism 6. heroism 7. racism 8. Modernism
sentence structure
1. If I had known that you were coming, I would have met you at the airport.
2. If he had tried to leave the country, he would have been stopped at the border.
3. If we had found him earlier, we could have saved his life.
4. If I had caught that plane, I would have been killed in the air crash.
5. If he had been in good health, he could have written many books.
1. it is a wonder to find
2. It is a surprise for us to find
3. it is a waste of time to argue with him
4. It's a comfort to know
5. It is a relief for us to learn
1. If the characters in this comedy had been more humorous, it would have attracted a larger audience.
2. She has never lost faith in her own ability, so it is a possibility for her to become a successful actress.
3. I never had formal training, I just learned as I went along.
4. As their products find their way into the international market, their brand is gaining in popularity.
5. She could make up a story by saying she was knocked unconscious by thieves and that all her
money was gone, but she doubted whether she could make it sound believable.
6. No one was certain whether he postponed the visit on purpose, but this brought more criticism of him.
1 .C 2. B 3.C 4.B 5.A 6. C 7. D 8. A 9. D 10. C
11 .D 12. A 13.A 14.C 15.B 16. D 17.A 18.C 19. B 20. A
Structured Writing
Charlie Chaplin is a great comic for his native land Britain, but even more so for the world. On the
stage he often wore tiny moustaches, huge pants and tailcoats that were perhaps more characteristic of
Europeans and may be not much of the British. Since more than half of the roles Chaplin played were
in silent films, people throughout the world had no difficulty understanding his films. With sound
movies, Chaplin created a nonsense language that sounded like no known nationality and was accepted
and appreciated by people all over the world. For most of his lifetime he did not stay in his mother
country; he traveled throughout the world to appear on stage for people of different nationalities


Unit 3

Section A
1. raw 2. convicted 3. compensation 4. notify 5. provisions
6. receipt 7. paste 8. altered 9. thrive 10. certify
Exercises on Web course only:
11. donation 12. roast 13. rent 14. champion 15. temptation
1. up 2. to 3. down 4. of 5. out
6. into 7. for 8. on 9. through 10. of

1. M 2. E 3. G 4. A 5. H 6. C 7.1 8. K 9.0 10. D
1. respect 2. degree 3. money 4. living 5. praise
6. place 7. success 8. scholarship 9. job 10. reputation
Word Building
1. longish 2. animal-like 3. selfish 4. honey-like
5. ball-like 6. boyish 7. yellowish 8. bookish
1. politicians 2. technician 3. comedian 4. musicians
5. physicians 6. electricians 7. beautician 8. magician
sentence structure
1. The wanted man is believed to be living in New York.
2. Many people are said to be homeless after the floods.
3. Three men are said to have been arrested after the explosion.
4. The prisoner is thought to have escaped by climbing over the wall.
5. Four people are reported to have been seriously injured in the accident.
1. He tried sending her flowers, but it didn't have any effect.
2. I don't regret telling her what I thought, even if I upset her.
3. The window was broken because I forgot to close it when I left.
4. We regret to inform you that the materials you ordered are out of stock.
5. He welcomed the new student and then went on to explain the college regulations.
1. Seven or eight officials are reported to have taken bribes and the mayor has decided to look into the
affair in person.
2. These workers regret yielding to the management's advice and going back to work. Now they are
again faced with the threat of losing their jobs.
3. You only need to fill out a form to get your membership, which entitles you to a discount on goods.
4. Their car broke down halfway for no reason. As a result they arrived three hours later than they had
5. The official got involved in a scandal and was forced to resign weeks later.
6. The man living on welfare began to build up his own market, one step at a time and his business is

1 .B 2. C 3. A 4. D 5.B 6. A 7. D 8. C 9. A 10. B
11 .D 12.A 13.C 14.B 15.D 16.B 17.C 18.A 19:D 20.B
structured Writing
It is difficult to get a welfare client’s wheelchair repaired.Once my wheelchair needed repairing,
and I notified my caseworker. She gave me a lecture that I hadn’t taken good care of my wheelchair.
Then she told me that I must have the patience to wait until she had the time to report my wheelchair
conditions to my medical worker. Then the medical worker called the wheelchair repair companies
to get the cheapest bid and informed the main welfare office at the state capital.It took them another
several days to consider the matter. When they finally got my wheelchair repaired,I had been confined
to bed for more than half a month.

Unit 4

Section A
1. investment 2. disposal 3. condensed 4. strategic 5. revenue
6. scratch 7. utilities 8. invested 9. nowhere 10. transmission
1. is lagging far behind 2. are stuck with 3. going for 4. remain in contact
5. keep pace with 6. at your disposal 7. dates from 8. scratched the surface of
9. stuck in 10. choose between
1.L 2.N 3.D 4.E 5.H 6.1 7.F 8.0 9.1 10.B
1. exchange 2. growth 3. opportunities 4. understanding 5. benefits
6. peace 7. development 8. career 9. will 10. status
Word Building
1. superpower 2. superabundant 3. supermarket 4. super-speed
5. supercomputer 6. superman 7. superstar 8. super-efficient
1. auto-timer 2. auto-focus 3. autograph 4. auto-reverse
5. autobiography 6. automakers 7. autoloading 8. autocriticism
sentence structure
1. Concentrate on indoor delights rather than outdoor fights and you'll be much better appreciated.
2. As a result of the development of computer technology many people may eventually be able to
work at home rather than go to the office.
3. Some people say that the pupils' achievements this term will be measured by a formal test rather
than their teacher's assessment.
4. They argued that their products should be developed on the basis of need rather than profit.
5. During weekends the businessmen may spend time establishing friendship and mutual trust rather
than discussing any particular item of business.
1. Petrol now is twice as expensive as it was a few years ago.
2. Theirs is about three times as big as ours.
3. Latin American customers talk two to four times as long on the phone as people in North America.
4. the fee for cell phones is typically twice as much as for calls made over fixed lines
5. can transmit 250,000 times as much data as a standard telephone wire
1. Rather than invest in my education, my parents spent their money on a new house.
2. Today, people are spending twice as much on entertainment and relaxation as they did in the past.
3. In order to be successful, a business must keep pace with developments in the marketplace.
4. Her fluency in English gave her an advantage over other girls for the job.
5. For students, nowhere is better than the library, where all the books are at their disposal.
6. We should make full use of the platform to strengthen communication, expand cooperation in more
areas and seek further development through joint efforts.
1 .C 2. D 3. A 4. B 5. B 6. C 7. D 8. B 9. C 10. D
11.A 12.C 13.B 14.D 15.C 16.D 17.B 18.A 19.C 20.C
Structured Writing
Compare the new welfare system with the old one and you would find a world of difference between
the two. Under the new welfare system, the law encourages welfare clients to work on their own for a
gradual shift away from welfare, and this is not the case in the past. Welfare clients now can develop
their talents to make money. In the past, they often cheated to bleed the system for a few extra dollars.
Now caseworkers will gladly help their clients find appropriate jobs rather than act like detectives to
try to seek out any unreported properties. Today many welfare clients have made a choice to live a life
of complete honesty and they tell the truth to caseworkers and declare any extra income they make.
In cases like this, caseworkers will feel greatly relieved because they don't need to search for any
cheating as in the past.

Unit 5

Section A
Comprehension o f the text
1. Because 22 million people live alone, which suggests that it is an overwhelming phenomenon in the
United States.
2. Because they can find inspiration in solitude.
3. The more positive one is toward oneself, the less the need for staying with others.
4. It depends. If they live with their friends, the friends' temporary leaving will be received as a
welcome change. However, if they live alone, the temporary absence of friends may leave them with a feeling of emptiness.
5. Because the need to talk is the most basic need of a solitary person.
6. They may call friends to tell them important things, or talk to themselves, their pets, the television,
or even to strangers.
7. To stay rational, settle down in a comfortable way and find pleasure from the current life,. wait for
anything happy that may happen.
8. The writer thinks that as ordinary people's solitary life differs from that of great minds (like poets
and philosophers), they should cherish the thought that "since we are here, we may as well accept it
and make the best of it".
1. humble 2. slippery 3. tame 4. inspiration 5. crept
6. apology 7. observation 8. dictate 9. inadequate 10. solitary
Exercises on Web course only:
1l. choked 12. waterproof 13. poetry 14. commodity
1. cast out 2. all by himself 3. stay up late 4. was fond of 5. at one sitting
6. filled up with 7. speaks highly of 8. set forth 9. at length 10. for the time being
1.K 2.H 3.M 4.B 5.A 6.0 7.J 8.D 9.F 10.1
1. efficiency 2. status 3. performance 4. standard 5. coordination
6. sense 7. career 8. quality 9. supply 10. accuracy
Word Cjuifdin8
1. underestimated 2. underpaid 3. overslept 4. Underdeveloped
5. overestimated 6. overcharged 7. underweight 8. overloaded
1. simplified 2. electrician 3. recovery 4. childlike
5. autobiography 6. underline 7. terrorist 8. overreact
sentence structure
1. The distance between them is not so great as to be unbridgeable.
2. The unity of the masses with the party is never so strong as it is now.
3. The punishment was harsh because Maggie would lose her position, but it was not so bad as losing
her pay.
4. I've heard the terrible noise once or twice before, but never so loud as this one.
5. Men are never so peaceful, so graceful with each other as they are now.
1. You might as well go there to see whether there is the information you need.
2. We might as well call it freedom.
3.You might as well ring and tell them you're going to visit them.
4. We might as well walk home.
5. We might as well find an easier one to read.
1. This little man is not so innocent as he appears.
2. There's nothing I can do about the problem, so you might as well turn to Professor Wang for help.
3. Both sides speak highly of the fruits in their cooperation in different areas, and hope that the
cooperation can be furthered.
4. On the one hand, an image of being close to the people can get a new policy more easily accepted.
On the other hand, it will "encourage people to speak their minds and come up with constructive
5. His sense of loneliness rose and fell and he sometimes would talk at length to himself and his pets
and the television.
6. After all, money is not everything. The richest people are not necessarily the happiest.
1 .B 2.D 3.A 4.B 5.C 6.C 7.D 8.D 9. B 10. A
11 .C 12. B 13.A 14.C 15.D 16.B 17.C 18.A 19.D 20.C

Structured Writing
XV. Some people prefer to live alone whereas some others have to live alone for one reason or another.
Those people believing in inspirational solitude argue that no companion is more companionable than
solitude. Literary giants such as William Wordsworth, John Milton and Henry Thoreau enjoyed living
alone on purpose. Hunters or explorers enjoy themselves as they venture out to tame the great wild
areas. On the other hand, there are some other people who have to live alone due to various reasons:
being divorced, widowed or never married. Many of them feel bitter to live in solitude. They have no
one to talk to and as a result they talk at length to themselves and to their pets and to the television.

Unit 6


Section A
1. Substantial 2. concerning 3. negotiation 4. exaggerate 5. withdrawn
6. commissions 7. financed 8. secure 9. impose 10. donation
1. by 2. in 3. of 4. to 5. up
6. on/upon 7. with 8. in 9. in 10. between
1.O 2.E 3.G 4.1 5.J 6.B 7.K 8.N 9.M 10.D
Collocation<br />VI.
1. approaches 2. reward 3. protection 4. honor 5. advice
6. access 7. advantages 8. help 9. sympathy 10. understanding
Word Building
1. foresight 2. forewarned 3. foreground 4. postgraduate
5. post-race 6. foresaw 7. post-Christmas 8. post-election
1. e-shopper 2. e-merchant 3. e-journal 4. e-cla***oom
5. e-commerce 6. e-mail 7. e-dictionaries 8. e-cash
sentence structure
1. It's pointless to go there next Monday-there's a public holiday.
2. It is easy to talk about having high moral standards, but, in practice, what would one really do in
such a situation?
3. It is interesting to see different cultures and ways of life.
4. It is really astonishing that she refuses to talk to you.
5. It is important that she come straight to me when she arrives.
1. Suppose you object to carrying out a particular managem_ent order and you are afraid of the
manager, what would you do?
2. Suppose you have just got married and you are about to work abroad for three years, how would
you explain it to your newly-married wife?
3. Suppose someone couldn't understand why you didn't arrest Harry, would you explain to remove
the doubts?
4. Suppose your tenant fails to pay the rent in time, would you throw him out?
5. Suppose you are a very heavy smoker and are anxious to break the habit, where could you get help?
1. Suppose you found out that your colleague takes bribes, would you just ignore it?
2. We've given up on him because he is so stubborn. It is pointless to argue with him.
3. He hit upon a good method to speed up the progress of the experiment, but opinions differed among
members of the group on it.
4. Today I'm able to square my profession with my interest, which I wasn't able to do before.
5. The ability to visually distinguish between red and green is essential to becoming a driver.
6. The team consisted of seven people who met on a regular basis to share their information with each
1 .A 2. D 3.C 4.B 5.B 6. D 7.A 8.C 9.C 10.A
11 .B 12.D 13.B 14.A 15.C 16.D 17.B 18.C 19.D 20.B
Typically there are two kinds of people who choose to live alone on purpose. The first group of people
is artists. They believe in the inspiration in solitude. One of my friends is a writer. He enjoys the time
when he is alone because he can stay up late to read and, above all, concentrate on his writing without
fear of being interrupted by others. On his wall he posts a quotation from Thoreau: "I never found
the companion that was so companionable as solitude." The second group consists of people who
are disappointed with their marriage or family life. A woman I know has been living alone since her
husband left her five years ago. She is not waiting for his return but she is just disappointed with life.



Section A
1. discounted 2. biased 3. variation 4. potential 5. Confronted
6. migrate 7. descended 8. distinct 9. superficial 10. extensive
1. to date 2. in effect 3. nothing less than 4. As of
5. in combination with 6. In addition to 7. shed new light on 8. is... confined to
9. serve as 10. adapt to
1.K 2.0 3.C 4.F 5.J 6.1 7.G 8.A 9.M 10.E
Collocation<br />VI.
1. awards 2. challenges 3. component 4. advances 5. changes
6. advantage 7. influence 8. effect 9. objective 10. threat
Word Building
1. privacy 2. intimacy 3. frequency 4. fluency
5. secrecy 6. urgency 7. consistency 8. dependency
1. politics 2. classics 3. electronics 4. economics
5. psychology 6. methodology 7. technology 8. biology
sentence structure
1. Being healthy is more than a question of not being ill.
2. I was more than a little upset at not being invited to the wedding.
3. This story is more than interesting; it is educational as well.
4. Hepworth is more than a filmmaker; he had learnt to find stories that would have genuine popular
5. Compared our achievements today with what we started out to be, it is more than a miracle brought
about by years of exceptionally hard work.
1. What was needed was nothing less than a new industrial revolution.
2. This is nothing less than a call to restore the vitality of the American Dream.
3. Their dream was nothing less than a revolutionary project to bring computers and ordinary people
together. ,
4. The experience of sightseeing in the wonderful island is nothing less than exciting and I am moved
to tears.
5. He was very concerned that she should not be tired or bored; he wanted to make sure that the
holiday would be nothing less than perfect for her.
1. In the process of creating the genetic map, these scientists realized that cooperation was more than
an attractive option; it was a responsibility.
2. Their research findings were nothing less than a miracle. As a result of their findings, new light has
been shed on the history of human genes.
3. In fact, only hard work in combination with proper methods will give you an advantage over others.
4. The judge said the punishment would serve as a warning to others.
5. The risk of infection is confined to those who have close contact with the patients.
6. From such an analysis we are in a better position to understand what has happened and what to do
about it.
1 .A 2. B 3. C 4. D 5.D 6.C 7.B 8.A 9. D 10. C
11,B 12.A 13.A 14.B 15.D 16.C 17.D 18.B 19.A 20.B



Section A
Comprehension o f the text
1. They hid behind their curtains and peered at the travelers cautiously.
2. It means that the small town was a stage where the different travelers who passed by were actors
revealing themselves to the audience-the villagers.
3. Probably there were different ways of greetings between them, so there might be some
misunderstandings or inappropriate responses.
4. Because she wanted to sing and dance so much that she thought the money was given as a
discouragement rather than an encouragement.
5. When she left her hometown of Eatonville for Jacksonville at thirteen, she experienced a huge
change and she was aware that she was black.
6. It means that she was not emotionally disturbed by the fact that she was a descendent of slaves. She
felt good about herself.
7. The writer compared herself to a brown bag of mixed items propped up against a wall with other
8. As is described, the contents revealed are nothing but common objects. It suggests that for ordinary
people, no matter whether they are white or black, they share something in common.
1. cautiously 2. bribing 3. disapprove(d) 4. tendency 5. permanent
6. depression 7. fragrance 8. guarantee 9. exclusively 10. generously
IV. .
1. peering at 2. be broken off 3. disapproved of 4. prop up 5. In the main
6. in company with 7. in that 8. pay the price 9. belong to 10. more or less
1. L 2.O3. H 4. D 5.1 6. E 7. N 8. K 9. G 10. B
Collocation<br />VI.
1 .plans 2. lifestyle 3. fact 4. policies 5. rules
6. concentration 7. world 8. voice 9. inheritance 10. content
Word Building
1. dued 2. demobilized 3. deregulated 4. decentralized
5. destabilizing 6. depersonalized 7. de-emphasize 8. decoded
1. retirees 2. interviewees 3. trainee 4. employees
5. escapees 6. addressee 7. devotee 8. divorcee
sentence structure
1. I know she isn't really interested in window-shopping, but she doesn't mind waiting while I have a
2. If people don't mind my not having a degree, I could give a few music lessons!
3. People don't mind paying a lot more for good software because they can see the benefits of using it.
4.1 don't mind if people perceive me as arrogant. You need certain degree of it to succeed.
5. We don't mind if it takes time for people to express their hopes, goals, fears, and needs in their
1. No friends came to see her; she shut herself off, in the old familiar world of bedroom and drawing
2. No cigarette end could give us any clue to or sign of anyone having ever been there.
3. No gas, no water and no electricity in the hospital! How could you expect the children to survive
4. No other information is given about the book itself, although there is a brief biographical, note about
the writer.
5. No effort has been made to investigate the "disappearances" that have occurred over the past three
1. 1 don't mind his staying out so late as long as he behaves himself.
2. 1 prefer his plan to others in that I think no plan is more practical than his.
3. They broke off business relations with that company as it suffered huge losses in the last fiscal year
and went bankrupt.
4. Now that you don't like him, why did you invite him to your birthday party in the first place?
5. Though we knew our chances to win were slim, we were more or less depressed when we lost in the
6. Perhaps this was the price that has to be paid for progress-who knows?
1 .B 2.C 3.B 4. D 5.A 6. D 7.A 8.B 9.B 10.C
11 .A 12.B 13.A 14.B 15.B 16.D 17.C 18.D 19.D 20.A
Structured Writing
Small in size and light in weight, electronic dictionaries are convenient to use.They are easy to carry and
students can take them anywhere they go. Whenever they come across a new word in reading, they can
find out its meaning wi the help of an electronic dictionary. An electronic dictionary usually contains
the information of several paper dictionaries.When students have one such dictionary, they actually
have more than one dictionary in hand.Meanwhile,electronic dictionaries are time-saving. They save
students from turning pages over to find the word.Instead, they only need to key in the word and the
meaning will appear on the screen. Considering all the above factors,no wonder more and more students
are using electronic dictionaries nowadays