brtools是sap自带的一个备份和恢复工具,可以单独安装,用这个工具来做备份与恢复比较方便。

一、备份过程

C:\Documents and Settings\bwdevadm>brtools
BR0651I BRTOOLS 7.00 (24)

BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.11.57
BR0656I Choice menu 1 - please make a selection
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BR*Tools main menu

 1 = Instance management
 2 - Space management
 3 - Segment management
 4 - Backup and database copy
 5 - Restore and recovery
 6 - Check and verification
 7 - Database statistics
 8 - Additional functions
 9 - Exit program

Standard keys: c - cont, b - back, s - stop, r - refr, h - help
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BR0662I Enter your choice:
4
BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.12.02
BR0663I Your choice: '4'

BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.12.02
BR0656I Choice menu 9 - please make a selection
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Backup and database copy

 1 = Database backup   #备库
 2 - Archivelog backup #备归档,还要注意手工备一下控制文件
 3 - Database copy
 4 - Non-database backup
 5 - Backup of database disk backup
 6 - Verification of database backup
 7 - Verification of archivelog backup
 8 - Additional functions
 9 - Reset program status

Standard keys: c - cont, b - back, s - stop, r - refr, h - help
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BR0662I Enter your choice:
1
BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.12.04
BR0663I Your choice: '1'

BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.12.04
BR0657I Input menu 15 - please check/enter input values
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BRBACKUP main options for backup and database copy

 1 - BRBACKUP profile (profile) ....... [initbwd.sap]
 2 - Backup device type (device) ...... [disk]本地可使用disk,如果远程可使用tape
 3 # Tape volumes for backup (volume) . []
 4 # BACKINT/Mount profile (parfile) .. []
 5 - Database user/password (user) .... [/]
 6 - Backup type (type) ............... [offline]备份模式也可online
 7 # Disk backup for backup (backup) .. [no]
 8 # Delete disk backup (delete) ...... [no]
 9 ~ Files for backup (mode) .......... [all]

Standard keys: c - cont, b - back, s - stop, r - refr, h - help
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BR0662I Enter your choice:
6
BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.12.59
BR0663I Your choice: '6'

BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.12.59
BR0681I Enter string value for "type" (offline|offline_force|offline_standby|off
line_split|offline_mirror|offline_stop|online|online_cons|online_split|online_mi
rror|online_standby|offstby_split|offstby_mirror) [offline]:
offline_force
BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.13.09
BR0683I New value for "type": 'offline_force'

BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.13.09
BR0657I Input menu 15 - please check/enter input values
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BRBACKUP main options for backup and database copy

 1 - BRBACKUP profile (profile) ....... [initbwd.sap]
 2 - Backup device type (device) ...... [disk]
 3 # Tape volumes for backup (volume) . []
 4 # BACKINT/Mount profile (parfile) .. []
 5 - Database user/password (user) .... [/]
 6 - Backup type (type) ............... [offline_force]
 7 # Disk backup for backup (backup) .. [no]
 8 # Delete disk backup (delete) ...... [no]
 9 ~ Files for backup (mode) .......... [all]

Standard keys: c - cont, b - back, s - stop, r - refr, h - help
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BR0662I Enter your choice:
c  (选C继续)
BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.13.37
BR0663I Your choice: 'c'
BR0259I Program execution will be continued...

BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.13.37
BR0657I Input menu 16 - please check/enter input values
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Additional BRBACKUP options for backup and database copy

 1 - Confirmation mode (confirm) ....... [yes]
 2 - Query mode (query) ................ [no]
 3 - Compression mode (compress) ....... [no]可以不压缩
 4 - Verification mode (verify) ........ [no]可以不选验证
 5 - Fill-up previous backups (fillup) . [no]可以不填写以前的备份
 6 - Parallel execution (execute) ...... [0]并行执行
 7 - Additional output (output) ........ [no]
 8 - Message language (language) ....... [E]
 9 - BRBACKUP command line (command) ... [-p initbwd.sap -d disk -t offline_forc
e -m all -k no -e 0 -l E]

Standard keys: c - cont, b - back, s - stop, r - refr, h - help
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BR0662I Enter your choice:
c
BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.13.40
BR0663I Your choice: 'c'
BR0259I Program execution will be continued...

BR0291I BRBACKUP will be started with options '-p initbwd.sap -d disk -t offline
_force -m all -k no -e 0 -l E'

BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.13.40
BR0670I Enter 'c[ont]' to continue, 'b[ack]' to go back, 's[top]' to abort:
c
BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.13.41
BR0257I Your reply: 'c'
BR0259I Program execution will be continued...

###############################################################################

BR0051I BRBACKUP 7.00 (24)
BR0055I Start of database backup: beelvlfp.afd 2012-04-11 14.13.41
BR0484I BRBACKUP log file: D:\oracle\bwd\sapbackup\beelvlfp.afd
BR0477I Oracle pfile D:\oracle\bwd\102\database\initbwd.ora created from spfile
D:\oracle\bwd\102\database\spfilebwd.ora

BR0280I BRBACKUP time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.13.48
BR0057I Backup of database: bwd
BR0058I BRBACKUP action ID: beelvlfp
BR0059I BRBACKUP function ID: afd
BR0110I Backup mode: ALL
BR0077I Database files for backup:
D:\ORACLE\bwd\ORIGLOGA\LOG_G11M1.DBF
D:\ORACLE\bwd\ORIGLOGB\LOG_G12M1.DBF
D:\ORACLE\bwd\ORIGLOGA\LOG_G13M1.DBF
D:\ORACLE\bwd\ORIGLOGB\LOG_G14M1.DBF
D:\oracle\bwd\origlogA\cntrl\cntlrbwd.dbf
BR0061I 70 files found for backup, total size 128961.432 MB
BR0143I Backup type: offline_force
BR0112I Files will not be compressed
BR0130I Backup device type: disk
BR0106I Files will be saved on disk in directory: D:\oracle\bwd\sapbackup\beelvl
fp
BR0064I Database instance bwd will be shut down now
BR0280I BRBACKUP time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.13.48
BR0256I Enter 'c[ont]' to continue, 's[top]' to cancel BRBACKUP:
c
BR0280I BRBACKUP time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.14.11
BR0257I Your reply: 'c'
BR0259I Program execution will be continued...

BR0370I Directory D:\oracle\bwd\sapbackup\beelvlfp created
BR0370I Directory D:\oracle\bwd\sapbackup\bwd created

BR0202I Saving init_ora
BR0203I to D:\oracle\bwd\sapbackup\bwd ...

BR0202I Saving D:\oracle\bwd\102\database\initbwd.sap
BR0203I to D:\oracle\bwd\sapbackup\bwd ...

BR0280I BRBACKUP time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.14.11
BR0198I Profiles saved successfully

BR0280I BRBACKUP time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.14.11
BR0307I Shutting down database instance bwd ...

BR0280I BRBACKUP time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.14.38
BR0308I Shutdown of database instance bwd successful

BR0202I Saving D:\ORACLE\bwd\SAPDATA1\SR3_10\SR3.DATA10
BR0203I to D:\oracle\bwd\sapbackup\beelvlfp\SR3.DATA10 ...

#FILE..... D:\ORACLE\bwd\SAPDATA1\SR3_10\SR3.DATA10
#SAVED.... D:\oracle\bwd\sapbackup\beelvlfp\SR3.DATA10  #1/1

BR0280I BRBACKUP time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.15.37
BR0063I 1 of 70 files processed - 2000.008 MB of 128961.432 MB done
BR0204I Percentage done: 1.55%, estimated end time: 15:46
BR0001I *_________________________________________________

BR0202I Saving D:\ORACLE\bwd\SAPDATA1\SR3_11\SR3.DATA11
BR0203I to D:\oracle\bwd\sapbackup\beelvlfp\SR3.DATA11 ...

#FILE..... D:\ORACLE\bwd\SAPDATA1\SR3_11\SR3.DATA11
#SAVED.... D:\oracle\bwd\sapbackup\beelvlfp\SR3.DATA11  #1/2

BR0280I BRBACKUP time stamp: 2012-04-11 14.16.50
BR0063I 2 of 70 files processed - 4000.016 MB of 128961.432 MB done
BR0204I Percentage done: 3.10%, estimated end time: 15:39
BR0001I **________________________________________________

BR0202I Saving D:\ORACLE\bwd\SAPDATA1\SR3_12\SR3.DATA12
BR0203I to D:\oracle\bwd\sapbackup\beelvlfp\SR3.DATA12 ...

#FILE..... D:\ORACLE\bwd\SAPDATA1\SR3_12\SR3.DATA12
#SAVED.... D:\oracle\bwd\sapbackup\beelvlfp\SR3.DATA12  #1/3

..........................................

BR0202I Saving D:\oracle\bwd\sapbackup\backbwd.log
BR0203I to D:\oracle\bwd\sapbackup\bwd ...

BR0056I End of database backup: beelvlfp.afd 2012-04-11 15.36.16
BR0280I BRBACKUP time stamp: 2012-04-11 15.36.23
BR0052I BRBACKUP completed successfully


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
二、恢复过程

C:\Documents and Settings\bwdevadm>brtools
BR0651I BRTOOLS 7.00 (24)

BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 16.11.57
BR0656I Choice menu 1 - please make a selection
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BR*Tools main menu

 1 = Instance management
 2 - Space management
 3 - Segment management
 4 - Backup and database copy
 5 - Restore and recovery
 6 - Check and verification
 7 - Database statistics
 8 - Additional functions
 9 - Exit program

Standard keys: c - cont, b - back, s - stop, r - refr, h - help
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BR0662I Enter your choice:
5
BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 16.12.02
BR0663I Your choice: '5'

BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 16.12.02
BR0656I Choice menu 11 - please make a selection
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Restore and recovery

1 -Complete database recovery
2 - Database point-in-time recovery
3 - Tablespace point-in-time recovery
4 - Whole database reset
5 - Restore of individual backup files
6 - Restore and application of archivelog files #归档日志文件的恢复与应用
7 - Disaster recovery
8 - Reset program status

Standard keys: c - cont, b - back, s - stop, r - refr, h - help
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BR0662I Enter your choice:
1
BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 16.13.02
BR0663I Your choice: '1'

BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 16.13.12
BR0657I Input menu 34 - please check/enter input values
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BRRECOVER options for restore and recovery

1 - BRRECOVER profile (profile) ...... [initbwd.sap]
2 ~ BACKINT/Mount profile (parfile) .. [/oracle/bwd/102_64/dbs/initbwd.utl]
3 - Database user/password (user) .... [/]
4 - Recovery interval (interval) ..... [30]
5 - Confirmation mode (confirm) ...... [yes]
6 - Scrolling line count (scroll) .... [20]
7 - Message language (language) ...... [E]
8 - BRRECOVER command line (command) . [-p initbwd.sap -
r /oracle/bwd/102_64/dbs/initbwd.utl -t complete -i 30 -s 20 -l E]

Standard keys: c - cont, b - back, s - stop, r - refr, h - help
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BR0662I Enter your choice:
c
BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 16.13.52
BR0663I Your choice: 'c'
BR0259I Program execution will be continued...

BR0291I BRRECOVER will be started with options '-p initbwd.sap -
r /oracle/bwd/102_64/dbs/initbwd.utl -t complete -i 30 -s 20 -l E'

BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2012-04-11 16.14.12
BR0670I Enter 'c[ont]' to continue, 'b[ack]' to go back, 's[top]' to abort:
c
BR0280I BRTOOLS time stamp: 2008-10-24 19.31.38
BR0257I Your reply: 'c'
BR0259I Program execution will be continued...

至此一直到恢复完成。

补充:针对SAP可使用brtools+rman备份方法:brtools是基于文件级的备份,rman备份是基于block级的备份,它只对有数据的block备份;另外,rman可以采用多channel备份,这样可以同时开多个session进行备份(当然,这需要磁带库的drive数据量与sap的.sap配置相匹配)
修改rman_channel数的方法:打开initSID.utl配置文件
#vi initSID.utl
rman_channel =2 #修改为2个通道

修改sap_channel数的方法:打开initSID.sap配置文件
#vi initSID.sap
max_session =3  #修改为3个通道