最近安装了Debian 6.0.1a i3却发现内核没有自动加载上PAE
以下命令得知系统装了两条2G的内存条,硬件最大支持64G内存
dmidecode -t memory
# dmidecode 2.9
SMBIOS 2.5 present.
 
Handle 0x1000, DMI type 16, 15 bytes
Physical Memory Array
         Location: System Board Or Motherboard
         Use: System Memory
         Error Correction Type: Multi-bit ECC
         Maximum Capacity: 65280 MB
         Error Information Handle: Not Provided
         Number Of Devices: 8
 
Handle 0x1100, DMI type 17, 28 bytes
Memory Device
         Array Handle: 0x1000
         Error Information Handle: Not Provided
         Total Width: 72 bits
         Data Width: 64 bits
         Size: 2048 MB
         Form Factor: FB-DIMM
         Set: 1
         Locator: DIMM1
         Bank Locator: Not Specified
         Type: DDR2 FB-DIMM
         Type Detail: Synchronous
         Speed: 667 MHz (1.5 ns)
         Manufacturer: 80CE808980CE
         Serial Number: 501A024B
         Asset Tag: 010908
         Part Number: M395T5663QZ4-CE65
 
Handle 0x1101, DMI type 17, 28 bytes
Memory Device
         Array Handle: 0x1000
         Error Information Handle: Not Provided
         Total Width: 72 bits
         Data Width: 64 bits
         Size: 2048 MB
         Form Factor: FB-DIMM
         Set: 1
         Locator: DIMM2
         Bank Locator: Not Specified
         Type: DDR2 FB-DIMM
         Type Detail: Synchronous
         Speed: 667 MHz (1.5 ns)
         Manufacturer: 80CE808980CE
         Serial Number: 501A01C2
         Asset Tag: 010908
         Part Number: M395T5663QZ4-CE65
 
但是通过free命令得到只有3.3G
 

 
再去之前几台装了Debian 5.0.4 upd 查看free命令得到只有3G
 
 

对应的内核不一样,得到内存总数也不一样,针对这个问题只能安装个支持4G(bigmem)对应内核版本

由于要安装对应内核版本,所以先查看内核版本
root@debian:~/soft# uname -a
Linux debian 2.6.32-5-686 #1 SMP Tue Mar 8 21:36:00 UTC 2011 i686 GNU/Linux
2.6.32-5-686
这个有32-31与32-35 请注意
 
为了能搜索更多安装包,先更新一下更新debian
 
#Vi /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian lenny main non-free contrib 
deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian lenny-proposed-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian-security lenny/updates main contrib non-free 
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian lenny main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian lenny-proposed-updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian-security lenny/updates main contrib non-free
 
再执行以下几个命令
#apt-get update
#apt-get upgrade
#apt-get dist-upgrade
 
linux-headers-2.6.26-1-openvz-686 - Header files for Linux 2.6.26-1-openvz-686
linux-headers-2.6.26-1-vserver-686-bigmem - Header files for Linux 2.6.26-1-vserver-686-bigmem
linux-headers-2.6.26-1-vserver-686 - Header files for Linux 2.6.26-1-vserver-686
linux-headers-2.6.26-1-xen-686 - Header files for Linux 2.6.26-1-xen-686
linux-image-2.6.26-1-486 - Linux 2.6.26 image on x86
linux-image-2.6.26-1-686-bigmem - Linux 2.6.26 image on PPro/Celeron/PII/PIII/P4
linux-image-2.6.26-1-686 - Linux 2.6.26 image on PPro/Celeron/PII/PIII/P4
linux-image-2.6.26-1-amd64 - Linux 2.6.26 image on AMD64
linux-image-2.6.26-1-openvz-686 - Linux 2.6.26 image on PPro/Celeron/PII/PIII/P4, OpenVZ support
linux-image-2.6.26-1-vserver-686-bigmem - Linux 2.6.26 image on PPro/Celeron/PII/PIII/P4, Linux-VServer support
linux-image-2.6.26-1-vserver-686 - Linux 2.6.26 image on PPro/Celeron/PII/PIII/P4, Linux-VServer support
linux-image-2.6.26-1-xen-686 - Linux 2.6.26 image on i686, oldstyle Xen support
linux-image-2.6.32-5-686 - Linux 2.6.32 for modern PCs
linux-image-2.6.32-5-686-bigmem - Linux 2.6.32 for PCs with 4GB+ RAM
linux-image-2.6-686 - Linux 2.6 for modern PCs (meta-package)
 

一直搜索不到以下版本,挺蛋疼的
linux-image-2.6.32-5-686-bigmem_2.6.32-31_i386.deb
只找到这个版本 linux-image-2.6.32-5-686-bigmem_2.6.32-35_i386.deb
而这个版本,系统本身的linux-base (>= 2.6.32-35),所以无奈之下升级到linux-base_2.6.32-35,再安装linux-image-2.6.32-5-686-bigmem_2.6.32-35_i386.deb,之前为什么没想直接升级linux-base,因为升级这个会可能导致一些设备驱动无法兼容导致没加载成功
 
用root用户安装
dpkg -i linux-base_2.6.32-35_all.deb
dpkg -i linux-image-2.6.32-5-686-bigmem_2.6.32-35_i386.deb
 
或者aptitude install linux-image-2.6.32-5-686-bigmem


新内核加到开机启动菜单
root@debian:/etc# update-grub
Generating grub.cfg ...
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-5-686-bigmem
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-5-686-bigmem
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-5-686
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-5-686
done


最后重新启动系统

再次检查一下系统版本
root@debian:/etc# uname -a
Linux debian 2.6.32-5-686-bigmem #1 SMP Mon Jun 13 05:03:09 UTC 2011 i686 GNU/Linux
 
再查看
root@debian:/etc# free
 total       used       free     shared    buffers     cached
Mem:       4144028     132564    4011464          0       3696      81800
-/+ buffers/cache:      47068    4096960
Swap:      5840888          0    5840888

 
说明成功了
 
                                                                      --------viong 2011.09.07 0:22