SQL Server 2017 SQLPS执行Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase遇到问题

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这个错误简直逆天,查了下该cmdlet的帮助

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常规参数里有Debug。


执行Debug,输出如下:

PS C:\Windows\system32> Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase -InputObject $ag -Database $DatabaseList -Debug

调Ì¡Â试º?: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) In method Proce***ecord. Resolving targets.
调Ì¡Â试º?: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) Resolving targets: Parameter Set = 'ByObject'
调Ì¡Â试º?: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) Resolved target [App1On]
调Ì¡Â试º?: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) GetShouldProcessTargetString in SqlCmdlet.
调Ì¡Â试º?: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) Validating Target
调Ì¡Â试º?: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) ValidateTarget in SqlCmdlet. Returning true.
调Ì¡Â试º?: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) Target is valid. Calling BeginTargetProcessing.
调Ì¡Â试º?: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) In BeginTargetProcessing
调Ì¡Â试º?: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) Subscribing to server events: InfoMesage, StatementExecuted
调Ì¡Â试º?: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) Done with BeginTargetProcessing. Calling ProcessTarget.
详¨º细?信?息¡é:
select * into #tmpag_availability_groups from master.sys.availability_groups
select agstates.group_id, agstates.primary_replica into #tmpag_availability_group_states from ma
ster.sys.dm_hadr_availability_group_states as agstates
select group_id, replica_id, replica_metadata_id into #tmpag_availability_replicas from master.s
ys.availability_replicas
select replica_id, is_local, role into #tmpag_availability_replica_states from master.sys.dm_had
r_availability_replica_states
SELECT
AG.name AS [Name],
AG.group_id AS [UniqueId],
ISNULL(AG.automated_backup_preference, 4) AS [AutomatedBackupPreference],
ISNULL(AG.failure_condition_level, 6) AS [FailureConditionLevel],
ISNULL(AG.health_check_timeout, -1) AS [HealthCheckTimeout],
ISNULL(agstates.primary_replica, '') AS [PrimaryReplicaServerName],
ISNULL(arstates2.role, 3) AS [LocalReplicaRole],
AR2.replica_metadata_id AS [ID],
ISNULL(AG.basic_features, 0) AS [BasicAvailabilityGroup],
ISNULL(AG.db_failover, 0) AS [DatabaseHealthTrigger],
ISNULL(AG.dtc_support, 0) AS [DtcSupportEnabled],
ISNULL(AG.is_distributed, 1) AS [IsDistributedAvailabilityGroup],
ISNULL(AG.cluster_type, 0) AS [ClusterType],
ISNULL(AG.required_copies_to_commit, 0) AS [RequiredCopiesToCommit]
FROM
#tmpag_availability_groups AS AG
LEFT OUTER JOIN #tmpag_availability_group_states as agstates ON AG.group_id = agstates.group_id
INNER JOIN #tmpag_availability_replicas AS AR2 ON AG.group_id = AR2.group_id
INNER JOIN #tmpag_availability_replica_states AS arstates2 ON AR2.replica_id = arstates2.replica_id AN
D arstates2.is_local = 1
WHERE
(AG.name=@_msparam_0)
drop table #tmpag_availability_groups
drop table #tmpag_availability_group_states
drop table #tmpag_availability_replicas
drop table #tmpag_availability_replica_states
详¨º细?信?息¡é:
drop table #tmpag_availability_groups
drop table #tmpag_availability_group_states
drop table #tmpag_availability_replicas
drop table #tmpag_availability_replica_states
调Ì¡Â试º?: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) Exception occurred Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Common.ExecutionFa
ilureException: 执¡ä行D Transact-SQL 语®?句?或¨°批¨²处ä|理¤¨ª时º¡À发¤¡é生¦¨²了¢?异°¨¬常¡ê。¡ê ---> System.Data.SqlClient.SqlException: 列¢D名? 'required_co
pies_to_commit' 无T效¡ì。¡ê
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Common.ConnectionManager.ExecuteTSql(ExecuteTSqlAction action, Obj
ect execObject, DataSet fillDataSet, Boolean catchException)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Common.ServerConnection.GetExecuteReader(SqlCommand command)
--- 内¨²部?异°¨¬常¡ê堆?栈?跟¨²踪Á¨´的Ì?结¨¢尾2 ---
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Common.ServerConnection.GetExecuteReader(SqlCommand command)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.ExecuteSql.GetDataReader(String query, SqlCommand& command)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.DataProvider.SetConnectionAndQuery(ExecuteSql execSql, String
query)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.ExecuteSql.GetDataProvider(StringCollection query, Object con,
StatementBuilder sb, RetriveMode rm)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.SqlObjectBase.FillData(ResultType resultType, StringCollection
sql, Object connectionInfo, StatementBuilder sb)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.SqlObjectBase.FillDataWithUseFailure(SqlEnumResult sqlresult,
ResultType resultType)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.SqlObjectBase.BuildResult(EnumResult result)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Sdk.Sfc.Environment.GetData()
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Sdk.Sfc.Environment.GetData(Request req, Object ci)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Sdk.Sfc.Enumerator.GetData(Object connectionInfo, Request request)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.ExecutionManager.GetEnumeratorDataReader(Request req)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.SqlSmoObject.GetInitDataReader(String[] fields, OrderBy[] orde
rby)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.SqlSmoObject.ImplInitialize(String[] fields, OrderBy[] orderby
)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.SqlSmoObject.Initialize(Boolean allProperties)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.SqlSmoObject.OnPropertyMissing(String propname, Boolean useDef
aultValue)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.PropertyCollection.RetrieveProperty(Int32 index, Boolean useDe
faultOnMissingValue)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.PropertyCollection.GetValueWithNullReplacement(String property
Name, Boolean throwOnNullValue, Boolean useDefaultOnMissingValue)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.AvailabilityGroup.get_PrimaryReplicaServerName()
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.PowerShell.Hadr.CmdletUtilities.IsReplicaPrimary(AvailabilityGroup
ag, SmoRecordContext context)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.PowerShell.Hadr.AddSqlAvailabilityGroupDatabaseCommand.ProcessTarg
et(AvailabilityGroup target, SmoRecordContext context)
在¨² Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.PowerShell.SqlCmdlet`1.Proce***ecord()
调Ì¡Â试º?: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) Calling EndProcessing.
调Ì¡Â试º?: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) In EndTargetProcessing
调Ì¡Â试º?: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) Unsubscribing from server events: InfoMesage, StatementExecuted
Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase : 执¡ä行D Transact-SQL 语®?句?或¨°批¨²处ä|理¤¨ª时º¡À发¤¡é生¦¨²了¢?异°¨¬常¡ê。¡ê
所¨´在¨²位?置? 行D:1 字Á?符¤?: 1
+ Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase -InputObject $ag -Database $DatabaseList -Debug
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+ CategoryInfo : NotSpecified: (:) [Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase], ExecutionFailureExcep
tion
+ FullyQualifiedErrorId : Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Common.ExecutionFailureException,Micros
oft.SqlServer.Management.PowerShell.Hadr.AddSqlAvailabilityGroupDatabaseCommand


核心错误信息如下:

调试: (Add-SqlAvailabilityDatabase) Exception occurred Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Common.ExecutionFa

ilureException: 执行 Transact-SQL 语句或批处理时发生了异常。 ---> System.Data.SqlClient.SqlException: 列名 'required_copies_to_commit' 无效。


将相关语句单独提取出来执行:

select * into #tmpag_availability_groups
from master.sys.availability_groups
select agstates.group_id, agstates.primary_replica into #tmpag_availability_group_states
from master.sys.dm_hadr_availability_group_states as agstates
select group_id, replica_id, replica_metadata_id into #tmpag_availability_replicas
from master.sys.availability_replicas
select replica_id, is_local, role into #tmpag_availability_replica_states
from master.sys.dm_hadr_availability_replica_states
SELECT
AG.name AS [Name],
AG.group_id AS [UniqueId],
ISNULL(AG.automated_backup_preference, 4) AS [AutomatedBackupPreference],
ISNULL(AG.failure_condition_level, 6) AS [FailureConditionLevel],
ISNULL(AG.health_check_timeout, -1) AS [HealthCheckTimeout],
ISNULL(agstates.primary_replica, '') AS [PrimaryReplicaServerName],
ISNULL(arstates2.role, 3) AS [LocalReplicaRole],
AR2.replica_metadata_id AS [ID],
ISNULL(AG.basic_features, 0) AS [BasicAvailabilityGroup],
ISNULL(AG.db_failover, 0) AS [DatabaseHealthTrigger],
ISNULL(AG.dtc_support, 0) AS [DtcSupportEnabled],
ISNULL(AG.is_distributed, 1) AS [IsDistributedAvailabilityGroup],
ISNULL(AG.cluster_type, 0) AS [ClusterType],
ISNULL(AG.required_copies_to_commit, 0) AS [RequiredCopiesToCommit]
FROM
#tmpag_availability_groups AS AG
LEFT OUTER JOIN #tmpag_availability_group_states as agstates ON AG.group_id = agstates.group_id
INNER JOIN #tmpag_availability_replicas AS AR2 ON AG.group_id = AR2.group_id
INNER JOIN #tmpag_availability_replica_states AS arstates2 ON AR2.replica_id = arstates2.replica_id AND arstates2.is_local = 1
WHERE
(AG.name='App1On')
drop table #tmpag_availability_groups
drop table #tmpag_availability_group_states
drop table #tmpag_availability_replicas
drop table #tmpag_availability_replica_states


得出如下报错:

消息 207,级别 16,状态 1,第 10 行

列名 'required_copies_to_commit' 无效。


语句中

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用到的是

master.sys.availability_groups

中required_copies_to_commit列,而实际上该系统视图根本没有该列,只有required_synchronized_secondaries_to_commit列。


查了下网上有同样的问题:

https://social.msdn.microsoft.com/Forums/azure/en-US/3e5db95a-0231-4e29-b0c0-68c4d8e9583d/exception-occurred-microsoftsqlservermanagementcommonexecutionfailureexception?forum=sqltools

当前运行的SQL Server 2017没有来得及更新SQLPS。


  • 尝试打补丁

https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4047329下载最新的累积补丁CU6,安装SQLServer2017-KB4101464-x64.exe。实际并没有对SQLPS模块进行更新。该问题依然存在。

There are two SQL Server PowerShell modules; SqlServer and SQLPS. The SQLPS module is included with the SQL Server installation (for backwards compatibility), but is no longer being updated. The most up-to-date PowerShell module is the SqlServer module. The SqlServer module contains updated versions of the cmdlets in SQLPS, and also includes new cmdlets to support the latest SQL features.
Previous versions of the SqlServer module were included with SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS), but only with the 16.x versions of SSMS. To use PowerShell with SSMS 17.0 and later, the SqlServer module must be installed from the PowerShell Gallery. To install the SqlServer module, see Install SQL Server PowerShell.


  • 尝试安装SqlServer模块

先下载保存模块:

Save-Module -Name SqlServer -Path C:\powershellgallery
将下载的SqlServer模块文件夹拷贝到%ProgramFiles%/WindowsPowershell/Module/下。

加载即用、用时注册:

Import-Module -Name SqlServer

使用新的SqlServer模块后,没有遇到问题了。