安装环境:

操作系统:oracle linux 4.8 64位

集群软件:10201_clusterware_linux_x86_64.cpio.gz

数据库:10201_database_linux_x86_64.cpio.gz

cpu:1颗

内存:必须1.5G以上(一般是2G)

本地磁盘:20G(根分区17G,swap是4G,boot分区是512M)

asm下载地址:http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/linux/downloads/rhel4-092650.html#oracleasm_rhel4_amd64

asm软件:oracleasm-support-2.1.7-1.el4.x86_64.rpm 

               oracleasmlib-2.0.4-1.el4.x86_64.rpm

               oracleasm-2.6.9-89.35.1.EL-2.0.5-1.el4.x86_64.rpm


oracle rac专业群:476687362

oracle dba专业群:581851278


IP地址划分:

       192.168.3.30   rac10g01          eth0

       192.168.3.40   rac10g01          eth0

       192.168.3.50   rac10g01-vip    eth0:1

       192.168.3.60   rac10g02-vip    eth0:1

       10.0.0.1           rac10g01-priv   eth1

       10.0.0.2           rac10g02-priv   eth1

IP说明:  

      每台服务器必须两块网卡, public ip和priv ip不能在同一网段.public和priv必须在网卡中写明地址,vip在地址是数据库自己添加的.


1.安装操作系统,图形化安装

    安装系统时将iptable和selinux全部禁用


2.配置虚拟机的网卡

rac10g01节点:

[root@rac10g01 ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

DEVICE=eth0

BOOTPROTO=static

HWADDR=00:0C:29:54:80:1D

ONBOOT=yes

TYPE=Ethernet

IPADDR=192.168.3.30

NETMASK=255.255.255.0

[root@rac10g01 ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1

DEVICE=eth1

BOOTPROTO=static

HWADDR=00:0C:29:54:80:27

ONBOOT=yes

TYPE=Ethernet

IPADDR=10.0.0.1

NETMASK=255.255.255.0

[root@rac10g01 ~]# /etc/init.d/network restart

Shutting down interface eth0:                              [  OK  ]

Shutting down loopback interface:                          [  OK  ]

Setting network parameters:                                [  OK  ]

Bringing up loopback interface:                            [  OK  ]

Bringing up interface eth0:                                [  OK  ]

Bringing up interface eth1:                                [  OK  ]

[root@rac10g01 ~]#


rac10g02节点:

[root@rac10g02 ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

DEVICE=eth0

BOOTPROTO=static

HWADDR=00:0C:29:25:63:D2

ONBOOT=yes

TYPE=Ethernet

IPADDR=192.168.3.40

NETMASK=255.255.255.0

[root@rac10g02 ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1

DEVICE=eth1

BOOTPROTO=static

HWADDR=00:0C:29:25:63:DC

ONBOOT=yes

TYPE=Ethernet

IPADDR=10.0.0.2

NETMASK=255.255.255.0

[root@rac10g02 ~]# /etc/init.d/network restart

Shutting down interface eth0:                              [  OK  ]

Shutting down loopback interface:                          [  OK  ]

Setting network parameters:                                [  OK  ]

Bringing up loopback interface:                            [  OK  ]

Bringing up interface eth0:                                [  OK  ]

Bringing up interface eth1:                                [  OK  ]

[root@rac10g01 ~]#


3.配置hosts文件,主机名与IP地址解析(两个节点都是一样的)

[root@rac10g01 ~]# vim /etc/hosts

192.168.3.30     localhost.localdomain localhost     --在两个节点分别写入这行,IP地址是本机的

192.168.3.30   rac10g01 

192.168.3.40   rac10g02

192.168.3.50   rac10g01-vip

192.168.3.60   rac10g02-vip

10.0.0.1      rac10g01-priv

10.0.0.2      rac10g02-priv

[root@rac10g01 ~]# ping rac10g01    --所有的地址都ping一下,检查是否有问题


4.光盘镜像挂载,安装软件依赖包(两个节点是一样的)

[root@rac10g01 ~]# mount /dev/hdc /mnt/cdrom/

mount: block device /dev/hdc is write-protected, mounting read-only

[root@rac10g01 ~]# vim /etc/yum.repos.d/tong.repo

[tong]

name=tong

baseurl=file:///mnt

gpgkey=file:///mnt/cdrom/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle

gpgcheck=1

enabled=1

[root@rac10g01 ~]# yum list

[root@rac10g01 ~]# yum install binutils compat-db compat-libstdc++-296 control-center gcc gcc-c++ glibc glibc-common libstdc++ libstdc++-devel make sysstat setarch glibc-devel libaio ksh glibc-headers libgnome libgcc libgnomeui libgomp openmotif libXp -y

[root@rac10g01 ~]#


5.修改内核参数(两个节点必须一至)

[root@rac10g01 ~]# vim /etc/sysctl.conf

kernel.shmall = 2097152

kernel.shmmax = 2147483648

kernel.shmmni = 4096

kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128

fs.file-max = 65536

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000

net.core.rmem_default = 262144

net.core.rmem_max = 262144

net.core.wmem_default = 262144

net.core.wmem_max = 262144

[root@rac10g01 ~]# sysctl -p


6.创建用户,用户组,用户设置密码(两个节点必须一至)

[root@rac10g01 ~]# groupadd -g 500 oinstall

[root@rac10g01 ~]# groupadd -g 501 dba

[root@rac10g01 ~]# groupadd -g 502 oper

[root@rac10g01 ~]# groupadd -g 503 asmadmin

[root@rac10g01 ~]# groupadd -g 504 asmdba

[root@rac10g01 ~]# groupadd -g 505 asmoper

[root@rac10g01 ~]# useradd -u 1000 -g oinstall -G dba,oper,asmdba -d /home/oracle oracle

[root@rac10g01 ~]# passwd oracle

Changing password for user oracle.

New UNIX password:

BAD PASSWORD: it is based on a dictionary word

Retype new UNIX password:

passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

[root@rac10g01 ~]#


7.创建oracle与grid存放的目录(两个节点必须一至)

[root@rac10g01 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1/db_1

[root@rac10g01 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1/crs_1

[root@rac10g01 ~]# chown  -R oracle:oinstall /u01/


8.修改用户对文件打开的限制(两个节点一至)

[root@rac10g01 ~]# vim /etc/security/limits.conf

oracle soft nproc 2047

oracle hard nproc 16384

oracle soft nofile 1024

oracle hard nofile 65536

oracle soft memlock 5242880

oracle hard memlock 524280

[root@rac10g01 ~]#


9.添加oracle用户的环境变量(两个节点一至)

[root@rac10g01 ~]# vim /home/oracle/.bash_profile

export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/oracle 

export ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/10.2.0.1/db_1 

export CRS_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/10.2.0.1/crs_1 

export ORA_CRS_HOME=$CRS_HOME 

export ORACLE_SID=rac10g1

export PATH=$PATH:$ORA_CRS_HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin

[root@rac10g01 ~]# . /home/oracle/.bash_profile


10.oracle用户的ssh互相信任(两个节点一至)

rac10g01节点:

[root@rac10g01 ~]# su - oracle

[oracle@rac10g01 ~]$ ssh-keygen -t rsa

Generating public/private rsa key pair.

Enter file in which to save the key (/home/oracle/.ssh/id_rsa):

Created directory '/home/oracle/.ssh'.

Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):

Enter same passphrase again:

Your identification has been saved in /home/oracle/.ssh/id_rsa.

Your public key has been saved in /home/oracle/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.

The key fingerprint is:

cb:63:66:59:9d:7a:68:8f:4c:de:83:c4:f3:f4:19:97 oracle@rac10g01

[oracle@rac10g01 ~]$ cd .ssh/

[oracle@rac10g01 .ssh]$ scp id_rsa.pub oracle@rac10g02:/home/oracle/

The authenticity of host 'rac10g02 (192.168.3.40)' can't be established.

RSA key fingerprint is 43:20:d8:f6:01:f1:e0:c0:9a:5f:6c:e2:f8:76:3e:3a.

Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes

Warning: Permanently added 'rac10g02,192.168.3.40' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.

oracle@rac10g02's password:

id_rsa.pub                      100%  225     0.2KB/s   00:00

[oracle@rac10g01 .ssh]$


rac10g02节点:

[oracle@rac10g02 ~]$ ssh-keygen -t rsa

Generating public/private rsa key pair.

Enter file in which to save the key (/home/oracle/.ssh/id_rsa):

Created directory '/home/oracle/.ssh'.

Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):

Enter same passphrase again:

Your identification has been saved in /home/oracle/.ssh/id_rsa.

Your public key has been saved in /home/oracle/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.2

The key fingerprint is:

cb:63:66:59:9d:7a:68:8f:4c:de:83:c4:f3:f4:19:97 oracle@rac10g02

[oracle@rac10g02 ~]$  cat  id_rsa.pub >> ./ssh/id_rsa.pub

[oracle@rac10g02 ~]$  mv ./ssh/id_rsa.pub  ./ssh/authorized_keys

[oracle@rac10g02 ~]$ scp ./ssh/authorized_keys oracle@rac10g01:/home/oracle/.ssh/

[oracle@rac10g01 .ssh]$ ssh rac10g01 date      --两边节点都要测试,必须通过

Sat Nov 12 22:39:54 CST 2016

[oracle@rac10g01 .ssh]$ ssh rac10g02 date

Sat Nov 12 22:40:03 CST 2016

[oracle@rac10g01 .ssh]$ ssh rac10g02-priv date

Sat Nov 12 22:40:07 CST 2016

[oracle@rac10g01 .ssh]$ ssh rac10g01-priv date

Sat Nov 12 22:40:04 CST 2016

[oracle@rac10g01 .ssh]$


11.添加本地磁盘,安装oracleasm软件,设置asm自动存储管理

[root@rac10g01 Desktop]# rpm -ivh oracleasm-support-2.1.7-1.el4.x86_64.rpm

Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]

   1:oracleasm-support      ########################################### [100%]

[root@rac10g01 Desktop]# rpm -ivh oracleasm-2.6.9-89.35.1.EL-2.0.5-1.el4.x86_64.rpm

Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]

   1:oracleasm-2.6.9-89.35.1########################################### [100%]

[root@rac10g01 Desktop]# rpm -ivh oracleasmlib-2.0.4-1.el4.x86_64.rpm

Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]

   1:oracleasmlib           ########################################### [100%]

[root@rac10g01 Desktop]# /etc/init.d/oracleasm configure

Configuring the Oracle ASM library driver.


This will configure the on-boot properties of the Oracle ASM library

driver.  The following questions will determine whether the driver is

loaded on boot and what permissions it will have.  The current values

will be shown in brackets ('[]').  Hitting <ENTER> without typing an

answer will keep that current value.  Ctrl-C will abort.


Default user to own the driver interface [oracle]: oracle

Default group to own the driver interface [dba]: dba

Start Oracle ASM library driver on boot (y/n) [y]: y

Scan for Oracle ASM disks on boot (y/n) [y]: y

Writing Oracle ASM library driver configuration: done

Initializing the Oracle ASMLib driver:                     [  OK  ]

Scanning the system for Oracle ASMLib disks:               [  OK  ]

[root@rac10g01 Desktop]# fdisk  /dev/sdb     --磁盘分区

Device contains neither a valid DOS partition table, nor Sun, SGI or OSF disklabel

Building a new DOS disklabel. Changes will remain in memory only,

until you decide to write them. After that, of course, the previous

content won't be recoverable.

Warning: invalid flag 0x0000 of partition table 4 will be corrected by w(rite)

Command (m for help): n

Command action

   e   extended

   p   primary partition (1-4)

p

Partition number (1-4): 1

First cylinder (1-130, default 1):

Using default value 1

Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-130, default 130):

Using default value 130


Command (m for help): p


Disk /dev/sdb: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes

255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 130 cylinders

Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes


   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System

/dev/sdb1               1         130     1044193+  83  Linux


Command (m for help): w

The partition table has been altered!


Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.

Syncing disks.

[root@rac10g01 ~]# raw /dev/raw/raw1 /dev/sdb1    --vote disk和crs磁盘使用的

/dev/raw/raw1:  bound to major 8, minor 17

[root@rac10g01 ~]# raw /dev/raw/raw2 /dev/sdc1

/dev/raw/raw2:  bound to major 8, minor 33

[root@rac10g01 ~]# raw /dev/raw/raw3 /dev/sdd1

/dev/raw/raw3:  bound to major 8, minor 49

[root@rac10g01 ~]# raw /dev/raw/raw4 /dev/sde1

/dev/raw/raw4:  bound to major 8, minor 65

[root@rac10g01 ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/rawdevices

/dev/raw/raw1   /dev/sdb1

/dev/raw/raw2   /dev/sdc1

/dev/raw/raw3   /dev/sdd1

/dev/raw/raw4   /dev/sde1

[root@rac10g01 ~]# chown -R oracle:oinstall /dev/raw

[root@rac10g01 ~]# ll /dev/raw/raw*

crw-rw----  1 oracle oinstall 162, 1 Nov 13 00:49 /dev/raw/raw1

crw-rw----  1 oracle oinstall 162, 2 Nov 13 00:50 /dev/raw/raw2

crw-rw----  1 oracle oinstall 162, 3 Nov 13 00:50 /dev/raw/raw3

crw-rw----  1 oracle oinstall 162, 4 Nov 13 00:50 /dev/raw/raw4

[root@rac10g01 ~]# udevstart

[root@rac10g01 Desktop]# /etc/init.d/oracleasm  createdisk VOL05 /dev/sdf1      --其它盘都是一样的

Marking disk "VOL05" as an ASM disk:                       [  OK  ]

[root@rac10g01 Desktop]# /etc/init.d/oracleasm  createdisk VOL06 /dev/sdg1

Marking disk "VOL06" as an ASM disk:                       [  OK  ]

[root@rac10g01 Desktop]# /etc/init.d/oracleasm  listdisks

VOL05

VOL06

[root@rac10g01 Desktop]#


rac10g02节点:

[root@rac10g02 Desktop]# /etc/init.d/oracleasm  scandisks

Scanning the system for Oracle ASMLib disks: 

[root@rac10g02 Desktop]# /etc/init.d/oracleasm  listdisks

VOL05

VOL06

[root@rac10g02 Desktop]#

 

12.cluster集群软件安装(安装之前检查下条件)

[oracle@rac10g01 ~]$ cd clusterware/cluvfy/

[oracle@rac10g01 cluvfy]$ ./runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n rac10g01,rac10g02 -verbose

wKiom1gnULOhvHDhAAMEwG9Q5sA899.png-wh_50

wKioL1gnULTwYW8aAAMWK9wDVQs372.png-wh_50

wKiom1gnULbT-ZtmAAL45YTf9IM932.png-wh_50

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wKiom1gnUL_Cu4ldAAA3iBQz2OY432.png-wh_50

rac10g01节点:

[root@rac10g01 ~]# sh /u01/oracle/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh

Changing permissions of /u01/oracle/oraInventory to 770.

Changing groupname of /u01/oracle/oraInventory to oinstall.

The execution of the script is complete

[root@rac10g01 ~]# sh /u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1/

crs_1/ db_1/

[root@rac10g01 ~]# sh /u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1/crs_1/root.sh

WARNING: directory '/u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1' is not owned by root

WARNING: directory '/u01/oracle/product' is not owned by root

WARNING: directory '/u01/oracle' is not owned by root

WARNING: directory '/u01' is not owned by root

Checking to see if Oracle CRS stack is already configured

/etc/oracle does not exist. Creating it now.


Setting the permissions on OCR backup directory

Setting up NS directories

Oracle Cluster Registry configuration upgraded successfully

WARNING: directory '/u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1' is not owned by root

WARNING: directory '/u01/oracle/product' is not owned by root

WARNING: directory '/u01/oracle' is not owned by root

WARNING: directory '/u01' is not owned by root

Successfully accumulated necessary OCR keys.

Using ports: CSS=49895 CRS=49896 EVMC=49898 and EVMR=49897.

node <nodenumber>: <nodename> <private interconnect name> <hostname>

node 1: rac10g01 rac10g01-priv rac10g01

node 2: rac10g02 rac10g02-priv rac10g02

Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'root'..

Operation successful.

Now formatting voting device: /dev/raw/raw3

Format of 1 voting devices complete.

Startup will be queued to init within 90 seconds.

Adding daemons to inittab

Expecting the CRS daemons to be up within 600 seconds.

CSS is active on these nodes.

        rac10g01

CSS is inactive on these nodes.

        rac10g02

Local node checking complete.

Run root.sh on remaining nodes to start CRS daemons.

[root@rac10g01 ~]#


rac10g02节点:

[root@rac10g02 ~]# sh /u01/oracle/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh

Changing permissions of /u01/oracle/oraInventory to 770.

Changing groupname of /u01/oracle/oraInventory to oinstall.

The execution of the script is complete

[root@rac10g02 ~]# 

在rac10g02节点执行root.sh之前要修改vipca和srvctl文件的内容(两个节点都要修改)

[oracle@rac10g02 ~]$ vim /u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1/crs_1/bin/vipca  


LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=2.4.19

export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL      --在下面添加红色的内容

unset LD_ASSUME_KERNEL

[oracle@rac10g02 ~]$ vim /u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1/crs_1/bin/srvctl

LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=2.4.19

export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL      --在下面添加红色的内容

unset LD_ASSUME_KERNEL 

[root@rac10g02 ~]# sh /u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1/crs_1/root.sh

WARNING: directory '/u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1' is not owned by root

WARNING: directory '/u01/oracle/product' is not owned by root

WARNING: directory '/u01/oracle' is not owned by root

WARNING: directory '/u01' is not owned by root

Checking to see if Oracle CRS stack is already configured

/etc/oracle does not exist. Creating it now.


Setting the permissions on OCR backup directory

Setting up NS directories

Oracle Cluster Registry configuration upgraded successfully

WARNING: directory '/u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1' is not owned by root

WARNING: directory '/u01/oracle/product' is not owned by root

WARNING: directory '/u01/oracle' is not owned by root

WARNING: directory '/u01' is not owned by root

Successfully accumulated necessary OCR keys.

Using ports: CSS=49895 CRS=49896 EVMC=49898 and EVMR=49897.

node <nodenumber>: <nodename> <private interconnect name> <hostname>

node 1: rac10g01 rac10g01-priv rac10g01

node 2: rac10g02 rac10g02-priv rac10g02

Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'root'..

Operation successful.

Now formatting voting device: /dev/raw/raw3

Format of 1 voting devices complete.

Startup will be queued to init within 90 seconds.

/etc/profile: line 61: ulimit: open files: cannot modify limit: Operation not permitted

Adding daemons to inittab

Expecting the CRS daemons to be up within 600 seconds.

CSS is active on these nodes.

        rac10g01

        rac10g02

CSS is active on all nodes.

Waiting for the Oracle CRSD and EVMD to start

Waiting for the Oracle CRSD and EVMD to start

Oracle CRS stack installed and running under init(1M)

Running vipca(silent) for configuring nodeapps

The given interface(s), "eth0" is not public. Public interfaces should be used to configure virtual IPs.

[root@rac10g02 ~]# 

如果出现以下错误,请手动修改public IP和cluster IP地址

Error 0(Native: listNetInterfaces:[3])

[Error 0(Native: listNetInterfaces:[3])]

[root@rac10g02 ~]#  /u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1/crs_1/bin/oifcfg setif -global eth0/192.168.3.0:public

[root@rac10g02 ~]#  /u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1/crs_1/bin/oifcfg setif -global eth0/10.0.0.0:cluster_interconnect

[root@rac10g02 ~]# /u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1/crs_1/bin/oifcfg getif

eth0 192.168.3.0 global public

eth0 10.0.0.0 global cluster_interconnect

[root@rac10g02 ~]# 

然后在rac10g01节点执行vipca,创建虚拟IP地址

[root@rac10g01 ~]# /u01/oracle/product/10.2.0.1/crs_1/bin/vipca

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退出vipca窗口,继续安装cluster软件

wKioL1gqtYPjDIR9AAHDfaEM6A8866.png-wh_50

wKiom1gn8kXCCYOBAAMmGL1JLUo113.png-wh_50


13.验证cluster安装成功

rac10g01节点:

[oracle@rac10g01 ~]$ crs_stat -t

Name           Type           Target    State     Host

------------------------------------------------------------

ora....g01.gsd application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac10g01

ora....g01.ons application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac10g01

ora....g01.vip application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac10g01

ora....g02.gsd application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac10g02

ora....g02.ons application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac10g02

ora....g02.vip application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac10g02

[oracle@rac10g01 ~]$


rac10g02节点:

[oracle@rac10g02 ~]$ crs_stat -t

Name           Type           Target    State     Host

------------------------------------------------------------

ora....g01.gsd application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac10g01

ora....g01.ons application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac10g01

ora....g01.vip application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac10g01

ora....g02.gsd application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac10g02

ora....g02.ons application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac10g02

ora....g02.vip application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac10g02

[oracle@rac10g02 ~]$


oracle database安装地址:http://tongcheng.blog.51cto.com/6214144/1872299