Unix Study之--AIX安装和配置SSH


系统环境:AIX 6100-09(SP3)

      默认AIX系统不安装ssh,需要另外自定义安装,ssh有两个软件包组成(openssl 和 openssh),这两个软件包解压后,通过smit就可以安装。

一、安装ssh

[root@aix209 ssh]#ls
OpenSSH_5.8.0.6102.tar.Z  openssl-0.9.8.1802.tar.Z  

ssh.txt
[root@aix209 ssh]#uncompress OpenSSH_5.8.0.6102.tar.

1)解压

[root@aix209 ssh]#uncompress openssl-0.9.8.1802.tar.Z
[root@aix209 ssh]#ls
OpenSSH_5.8.0.6102.tar  

openssl-0.9.8.1802.tar  

ssh.txt

[root@aix209 ssh]#tar xvf OpenSSH_5.8.0.6102.tar
x openssh.base, 6310912 bytes, 12326 tape blocks
x openssh.license, 338944 bytes, 662 tape blocks
x openssh.man.en_US, 153600 bytes, 300 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.CA_ES, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.CS_CZ, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.DE_DE, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.EN_US, 17408 bytes, 34 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.ES_ES, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.FR_FR, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.HU_HU, 21504 bytes, 42 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.IT_IT, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.JA_JP, 24576 bytes, 48 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.Ja_JP, 26624 bytes, 52 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.KO_KR, 21504 bytes, 42 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.PL_PL, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.PT_BR, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.RU_RU, 25600 bytes, 50 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.SK_SK, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.ZH_CN, 25600 bytes, 50 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.ZH_TW, 24576 bytes, 48 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.Zh_CN, 21504 bytes, 42 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.Zh_TW, 21504 bytes, 42 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.ca_ES, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.cs_CZ, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.de_DE, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.en_US, 17408 bytes, 34 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.es_ES, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.fr_FR, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.hu_HU, 27648 bytes, 54 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.it_IT, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.ja_JP, 26624 bytes, 52 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.ko_KR, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.pl_PL, 27648 bytes, 54 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.pt_BR, 18432 bytes, 36 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.ru_RU, 27648 bytes, 54 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.sk_SK, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.zh_CN, 21504 bytes, 42 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.zh_TW, 21504 bytes, 42 tape blocks

[root@aix209 ssh]#tar xvf OpenSSH_5.8.0.6102.tar 
x openssh.base, 6310912 bytes, 12326 tape blocks
x openssh.license, 338944 bytes, 662 tape blocks
x openssh.man.en_US, 153600 bytes, 300 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.CA_ES, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.CS_CZ, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.DE_DE, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.EN_US, 17408 bytes, 34 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.ES_ES, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.FR_FR, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.HU_HU, 21504 bytes, 42 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.IT_IT, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.JA_JP, 24576 bytes, 48 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.Ja_JP, 26624 bytes, 52 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.KO_KR, 21504 bytes, 42 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.PL_PL, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.PT_BR, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.RU_RU, 25600 bytes, 50 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.SK_SK, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.ZH_CN, 25600 bytes, 50 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.ZH_TW, 24576 bytes, 48 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.Zh_CN, 21504 bytes, 42 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.Zh_TW, 21504 bytes, 42 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.ca_ES, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.cs_CZ, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.de_DE, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.en_US, 17408 bytes, 34 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.es_ES, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.fr_FR, 20480 bytes, 40 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.hu_HU, 27648 bytes, 54 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.it_IT, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.ja_JP, 26624 bytes, 52 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.ko_KR, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.pl_PL, 27648 bytes, 54 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.pt_BR, 18432 bytes, 36 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.ru_RU, 27648 bytes, 54 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.sk_SK, 19456 bytes, 38 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.zh_CN, 21504 bytes, 42 tape blocks
x openssh.msg.zh_TW, 21504 bytes, 42 tape blocks

2)通过smit安装
[root@aix209 ssh]#smit installp

3)查看ssh服务
[root@aix209 ssh]#l***c -a |grep ssh

 sshd             ssh              6029368      active
二、配置通过ssh建立主机间的信任关系(Cluster)

One node:

1)建立密钥
[grid@aix209 grid]$ssh-keygen -t rsa

Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/grid/.ssh/id_rsa): 
Created directory '/home/grid/.ssh'.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /home/grid/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/grid/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
46:8c:ac:aa:82:62:b1:5e:e2:ba:ed:d5:02:5e:f5:62 grid@aix209
The key's randomart image is:
+--[ RSA 2048]----+
|                 |
|     . o         |
|      + o        |
|     o o         |
|  . o E S        |
| o + o o         |
|..=.o .          |
|==o. .           |
|X=o              |
+-----------------+

[grid@aix209 grid]$ssh-keygen -t dsa

Generating public/private dsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/grid/.ssh/id_dsa): 
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /home/grid/.ssh/id_dsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/grid/.ssh/id_dsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
4a:6d:60:35:ee:1c:fe:7d:62:54:f6:31:5c:7b:4a:54 grid@aix209
The key's randomart image is:
+--[ DSA 1024]----+
|        o     ..E|
|       o .   .. o|
|      o o     +=.|
|     . * .   + o+|
|      . S   . . .|
|     . o . o     |
|      .   . + .  |
|           . o   |
|                 |
+-----------------+

2)配置密钥对
[grid@aix209 ~]$cd .ssh
[grid@aix209 .ssh]$ls
id_dsa      id_dsa.pub  id_rsa      id_rsa.pub
[grid@aix209 .ssh]$cd ..                                     
[grid@aix209 ~]$cat .ssh/id_rsa.pub >>.ssh/authorized_keys
[grid@aix209 ~]$cat .ssh/id_dsa.pub >>.ssh/authorized_keys
[grid@aix209 ~]$ssh aix210 cat .ssh/id_rsa.pub >>.ssh/authorized_keys

The authenticity of host 'aix210 (192.168.8.210)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 65:25:9b:46:05:a4:84:73:76:d2:ba:d2:c8:a2:91:0e.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'aix210,192.168.8.210' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
grid@aix210's password: 
[grid@aix209 ~]$ssh aix210 cat .ssh/id_dsa.pub >>.ssh/authorized_keys
grid@aix210's password: 

[grid@aix209 ~]$scp .ssh/authorized_keys aix210:~/.ssh
grid@aix210's password: 
authorized_keys                                                             100% 1988     1.9KB/s   00:00    
[grid@aix209 ~]$ssh aix210 date
Mon Jan  5 22:24:19 CST 1970

3)测试信任关系
[grid@aix209 ~]$ssh aix210-priv date

The authenticity of host 'aix210-priv (10.10.10.210)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 65:25:9b:46:05:a4:84:73:76:d2:ba:d2:c8:a2:91:0e.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'aix210-priv,10.10.10.210' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
Mon Jan  5 22:24:27 CST 1970
[grid@aix209 ~]$ssh aix209-priv date
The authenticity of host 'aix209-priv (10.10.10.209)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 8f:54:98:0e:1b:c1:81:10:36:88:62:e2:20:61:16:91.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'aix209-priv,10.10.10.209' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
Mon Mar 28 18:39:55 CDT 2016
[grid@aix209 ~]$ssh aix209 date
The authenticity of host 'aix209 (192.168.8.209)' can't be setablished.

RSA key fingerprint is 8f:54:98:0e:1b:c1:81:10:36:88:62:e2:20:61:16:91.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'aix209,192.168.8.209' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
Mon Mar 28 18:40:02 CDT 2016
[grid@aix210 ~]$ssh aix209-priv date
The authenticity of host 'aix209-priv (10.10.10.209)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 8f:54:98:0e:1b:c1:81:10:36:88:62:e2:20:61:16:91.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'aix209-priv,10.10.10.209' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
Mon Mar 28 18:40:36 CDT 2016

-----  至此,ssh在AIX系统上安装配置成功 !