Oracle Study之--AIX 6.1安装Oracle 11gR2


系统环境:AIX6100-09 (补丁:sp3)

Oracle:   Oracle 11gR2

1、查看系统硬件信息

$ prtconf |more

System Model: IBM,7028-6C4
Machine Serial Number: 1096B0D
Processor Type: PowerPC_POWER4
Processor Implementation Mode: POWER 4
Processor Version: PV_4_2
Number Of Processors: 2
Processor Clock Speed: 1453 MHz
CPU Type: 64-bit
Kernel Type: 64-bit
LPAR Info: 1 NULL
Memory Size: 4096 MB
Good Memory Size: 4096 MB
Platform Firmware level: 3R041029
Firmware Version: IBM,RG041029_d79e00_r
Console Login: enable
Auto Restart: true
Full Core: false

2、安装Oracle 11gR2需要page space不小于4g:

[root@aix203 database]lsps -a
Page Space      Physical Volume   Volume Group    Size %Used Active Auto  Type Chksum
paging00        hdisk0            rootvg        2048MB     0   yes   yes    lv     0
hd6             hdisk0            rootvg        2048MB     1   yes   yes    lv     0
[root@aix203 database]lsps -s
Total Paging Space   Percent Used
      2560MB               0%
     
[root@aix203 database]swap
Usage:  swap -l
        swap -s
        swap -d device
        swap -a device
[root@aix203 database]swap -a /dev/hd6
swapon: Paging device /dev/hd6 is already active.
[root@aix203 database]swap -d /dev/hd6
[root@aix203 database]swap -a /dev/hd6
[root@aix203 database]lsps -s
Total Paging Space   Percent Used
      4096MB               0%

3、查看系统所必须安装的数据包

[root@aix203 /]lslpp -l |grep -i xlc 
 
  xlC.aix61.rte             12.1.0.1  COMMITTED  IBM XL C++ Runtime for AIX 6.1
  xlC.cpp                    9.0.0.0  COMMITTED  C for AIX Preprocessor
  xlC.rte                   12.1.0.1  COMMITTED  IBM XL C++ Runtime for AIX 
  xlC.sup.aix50.rte          9.0.0.1  COMMITTED  XL C/C++ Runtime for AIX 5.2
[root@aix203 /]lslpp -l |grep bos.perf
  bos.perf.diag_tool        6.1.8.15  COMMITTED  Performance Diagnostic Tool 
  bos.perf.fdpr             6.1.8.15  COMMITTED  Feedback Directed Program
  bos.perf.libperfstat       6.1.9.0  COMMITTED  Performance Statistics Library
  bos.perf.perfstat          6.1.9.0  COMMITTED  Performance Statistics
  bos.perf.pmaix             6.1.9.0  COMMITTED  Performance Management 
  bos.perf.proctools         6.1.9.0  COMMITTED  Proc Filesystem Tools 
  bos.perf.tools             6.1.9.0  COMMITTED  Base Performance Tools 
  bos.perf.tune              6.1.9.0  COMMITTED  Performance Tuning Support 
  bos.perf.diag_tool        6.1.8.15  COMMITTED  Performance Diagnostic Tool 
  bos.perf.libperfstat       6.1.9.0  COMMITTED  Performance Statistics Library
  bos.perf.perfstat          6.1.9.0  COMMITTED  Performance Statistics
  bos.perf.pmaix             6.1.9.0  COMMITTED  Performance Management 
  bos.perf.tools             6.1.9.0  COMMITTED  Base Performance Tools 
  bos.perf.tune              6.1.9.0  COMMITTED  Performance Tuning Support

4、查看文件系统空间信息

# df -m
Filesystem    MB blocks      Free %Used    Iused %Iused Mounted on
/dev/hd4       10240.00   4992.90   52%    13238     2% /
/dev/hd2        2048.00    492.00   76%    31524    22% /usr
/dev/hd9var     2048.00   2033.39    1%      479     1% /var
/dev/hd3        2048.00   1797.96   13%      466     1% /tmp
/dev/hd1        2048.00   2047.29    1%       12     1% /home
/dev/hd11admin   2048.00   2047.35    1%        5     1% /admin
/proc                 -         -    -         -     -  /proc
/dev/hd10opt    2048.00   1934.11    6%     1923     1% /opt
/dev/fslv00    10240.00  10238.09    1%        7     1% /u01
aix219:/ware   15360.00   3711.85   76%    14106     2% /soft1
/dev/lv00        128.00    123.94    4%       18     1% /var/adm/csd

5、调整用户启用最大进程数



6、root用户做安装前的环境检测
# ./rootpre.sh
./rootpre.sh output will be logged in /tmp/rootpre.out_16-03-02.15:44:46
Saving the original files in /etc/ora_save_16-03-02.15:44:46....
Copying new kernel extension to /etc....
Loading the kernel extension from /etc
 Oracle Kernel Extension Loader for AIX 
       Copyright (c) 1998,1999 Oracle Corporation 
 Successfully loaded /etc/pw-syscall.64bit_kernel with kmid: 0x20883000
 Successfully configured /etc/pw-syscall.64bit_kernel with kmid: 0x20883000
The kernel extension was successfuly loaded.
Configuring Asynchronous I/O....
Asynchronous I/O is not installed on this system.
You will need to install it, and either configure it yourself using
'smit aio' or rerun the Oracle root installation procedure.

Configuring POSIX Asynchronous I/O....
Posix Asynchronous I/O is not installed on this system.
You will need to install it, and either configure it yourself using
'smit aio' or rerun the Oracle root installation procedure.
Checking if group services should be configured....
Nothing to configure.

---- 检测提示“异步I/O"没有被启用,经查询,在AIX 6.1下会当有I/O请求时,自动启用异步I/O 。

查看系统I/O情况:
# ioo -a |grep aio

                    aio_active = 0                      ;aio未启动
                   aio_maxreqs = 65536
                aio_maxservers = 40
                aio_minservers = 10
         aio_server_inactivity = 300
              posix_aio_active = 0                       ;aio未启动
             posix_aio_maxreqs = 65536
          posix_aio_maxservers = 30
          posix_aio_minservers = 3
   posix_aio_server_inactivity = 300

7、安装系统sp3补丁




8、创建Oracle用户

创建Oracle用户和组(install、dba)
# id oracle
uid=300(oracle) gid=300(oinstall) groups=301(dba)
# chown -R oracle:dba /u01
# su - oracle
$ mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle

----并修改Oracle用户对资源访问的限制 !

[oracle@aix209 ~]$cat .profile
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0/db_1
ORACLE_SID=prod
PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
export ORACLE_BASE ORACLE_HOME ORACLE_SID PATH


9、安装Oracle 11g软件



查询补丁,系统缺少这三个补丁:
[root@aix209 database]instfix -i |grep 41885  
[root@aix209 database]instfix -i |grep 51456
[root@aix209 database]instfix -i |grep 52319

(忽略后,继续安装,安装成功!)

10、建立数据库





----- 建库成功,至此Oracle 11gR2安装完成,所缺的补丁可以从IBM官方网站下载 !