此脚本在生产服务器上使用了一年多,可以在任何一台有网络的服务器上自动配置LNMP。

使用方法:将nginx_php代码保存一个文件,例如nginx_php。上传到服务器上执行。

此脚本在CentOS 5.6 i386/x86_64环境下通过。

bash nginx_php出现提示,如下列图所示。

bash nginx_php提示

根据大家自己的需要选择数字中任意一个,开始全自动安装LNMP的世界中去吧。

如果之前安装过nginx或者 php 的话,脚本会自动检测它们是不是安装过。例如

就会提示nginx或者php 已经安装过了。

nginx_php 源码

#!/bin/bash
# author:coralzd powered by www.freebsdsystem.org
# written by coralzd 2011.09.30
# version 0.1.5 build 20110930

nginx_dir="/usr/local/nginx"
php52_dir="/usr/local/php52"
mysql_dir="/usr/local/mysql"

function check_init() #检测初始化工作有没有执行
{
   if [ `rpm -qa |grep re2c` == "re2c-0.12.1-2.el5.x86_64" ];then
   echo "init already exec!"
   exit 0
   fi
}
 
function check_nginx() #检测nginx有没有安装
{
   if [ -d /usr/local/nginx/ ];then
    echo "nginx already installed!"
   exit 1     
   fi
}

function check_php52() #检测php有没有安装
{
   if [ -d /usr/local/php52 ];then
     echo "php 5.2.17 already installed!"
    exit 1
   fi
}

function check_mysql() #检测mysql有没有安装
{
    if [ -d /usr/local/mysql/ ];then
    echo -n "mysql already installed!"
    exit 1
    fi
}
function init() #系统初始化工作
{
yum -y install wget gcc gcc-c++ autoconf bison flex re2c  libmhash libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel \
freetype freetype-devel gd gd-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel \
bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel 
       
echo -n "starting download nginx_php ..."
cat > list << "EOF" &&
nginx-1.0.1.tar.gz
php-5.2.17.tar.gz
php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz
libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
memcache-2.2.5.tgz
mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
mysql-5.1.58.tar.gz
suhosin-patch-5.2.17-0.9.7.patch
pcre-8.10.tar.gz
autoconf-2.13.tar.gz
eaccelerator-0.9.5.3.tar.bz2
PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
libunwind-0.99.tar.gz
ImageMagick.tar.gz
imagick-2.3.0.tgz
google-perftools-1.6.tar.gz
fcgi.conf
php.ini
php-fpm
nginxd
my.cnf
nginx.conf
php-fpm.conf
EOF
mkdir packages
        for i in `cat list`
do
if [ -s packages/$i ]; then
  echo "$i [found]"
else
  echo "Error: $i not found!!!download now......"
  wget http://www.freebsdsystem.org/linux/nginx-php/$i -P packages/
fi

done
mv packages/nginxd /etc/init.d/
mv packages/php-fpm /etc/init.d/
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/*
chkconfig --add nginxd
chkconfig --add php-fpm
echo "create the eaccelerator directory to /data0/cache"
mkdir /data0/cache
echo "create the mysql data directory to /data0/mysql/data"
mkdir -p /data0/mysql/data
echo "PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin/:$PATH" >> /etc/profile
source  /etc/profile
groupadd -g 80 www &&  useradd www -s /sbin/nologin -g www -u 80
groupadd -g 3306 mysql && useradd mysql -s /sbin/nologin -g mysql -u 3306
echo "www and mysql user && group create!"
cd packages/
/bin/rm -rf list
echo -e "All of installed sucussful!"

}
function is_version() #检测系统是64位的还是32位的?
{
if [ `uname -m` == "x86_64" ];then
tar zxf libunwind-0.99.tar.gz
tar zxvf libunwind-0.99.tar.gz
cd libunwind-0.99/
CFLAGS=-fPIC ./configure
make CFLAGS=-fPIC
make CFLAGS=-fPIC install
cd ../
else
        echo "your system is 32bit ,not install libunwind lib!"
fi

}
function ins_nginx()#安装nginx
{
check_nginx
cd packages/
is_version
tar zxf google-perftools-1.6.tar.gz
cd google-perftools*
./configure
make
make install
cd ..
tar zxf pcre-8.10.tar.gz
cd pcre-*
./configure 
make
make install 
cd ..
tar zxf nginx-1.0.1.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.0.1
./configure --prefix=${nginx_dir} --user=www --group=www --with-http_stub_status_module   
make && make install
cd .. 
rm -rf /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
echo "/usr/local/lib" > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/usr_local_lib.conf 
cp nginx.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/
cp fcgi.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/
echo "nginx installed sucussfully!"
}
function ins_mysqlserver()# 安装mysql服务端
{
cd packages/
tar zxf mysql-5.1.58.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.1.58
CHOST="x86_64-pc-linux-gnu"
CFLAGS="-march=nocona -O2 -pipe"
CXXFLAGS="${CFLAGS}"
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql --enable-assembler --with-server-suffix=-DZWWW --enable-thread-safe-client --enable-local-infile --enable-thread-safe-client --with-big-tables --with-charset=utf8 --with-client-ldflags=-all-static --with-collation=utf8_general_ci --with-extra-charsets=all --with-mysqld-ldflags=-all-static --with-mysqld-ldflags=-ltcmalloc  --with-mysqld-user=mysql --with-plugins=partition,myisammrg --with-pthread --with-unix-socket-path=/tmp/mysql.sock --without-ndb-debug 
make && make install 
cp support-*/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
cp my.cnf /etc/
chmod 744 /etc/init.d/mysqld
cd /usr/local/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql .
rm -rf sql-bench mysql-test
mkdir -p /data0/mysql/relaylog/
mkdir -p /data0/mysql/binlog/
chown -R mysql.mysql /data0/mysql
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data0/mysql/data
echo "mysql server  5.1.58 installed successfully!"
}
function ins_mysqlclient() #安装mysql客户端
{
cd packages/
tar zxf mysql-5.1.58.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.1.58
CHOST="x86_64-pc-linux-gnu"
CFLAGS="-march=nocona -O2 -pipe"
CXXFLAGS="${CFLAGS}"
./configure "--prefix=${mysql_dir}"   "--with-mysqld-user=mysql"   "--without-debug" "--with-charset=utf8"  "--with-extra-charsets=all"  "--with-pthread" "--with-big-tables" "--enable-thread-safe-client" "--enable-assembler" "--with-readline" "--with-ssl" "--enable-local-infile"  "--without-server" 
make && make install
cd /usr/local/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql .
rm -rf sql-bench mysql-test
echo "mysql client  5.1.58 installed successfully!"
}
function ins_php52()#安装php 
{
check_php52
cd packages/
tar zxf libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.13.1/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local
make
make install
cd ../
tar zxf autoconf-2.13.tar.gz
cd autoconf-2.13
./configuire --prefix=/usr
make && make install
cd ..
tar zxf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure
make
make install
/sbin/ldconfig
cd libltdl/
./configure --enable-ltdl-install
make
make install
cd ../../
tar zxf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
cd mhash-0.9.9.9/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1
ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config

tar zxf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
/sbin/ldconfig
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

tar zxf php-5.2.17.tar.gz
gzip -cd php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.17 -p1
cd php-5.2.17/
patch -p1 -i ../suhosin-patch-5.2.17-0.9.7.patch
./buildconf --force  
./configure --prefix=${php52_dir} --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-config-file-path=${php52_dir}/etc  --with-iconv-dir=/usr/local --with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib --with-libxml-dir=/usr --enable-xml --disable-rpath --enable-discard-path --enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curl --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fastcgi --enable-fpm --enable-force-cgi-redirect --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --with-mhash --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-ldap --with-ldap-sasl --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --enable-suhosin --enable-ftp 
make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'
make install
cd ..
cp php.ini /usr/local/php52/etc/
cp php-fpm.conf /usr/local/php52/etc/

echo "/usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql" >> /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql_lib.conf
/sbin/ldconfig
echo "php52 installed successfully!"
}

function ins_php52ext() #安装php 扩展
{
cd packages/
tar zxf memcache-2.2.5.tgz
cd memcache-2.2.5/
${php52_dir}/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=${php52_dir}/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../

tar jxf eaccelerator-0.9.5.3.tar.bz2
cd eaccelerator-0.9.5.3
${php52_dir}/bin/phpize
./configure --enable-eaccelerator=shared --with-eaccelerator-shared-memory --with-php-config=${php52_dir}/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../

tar zxf ImageMagick.tar.gz
cd ImageMagick-6.5.1-2/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../
tar zxf imagick-2.3.0.tgz
cd imagick-2.3.0/
${php52_dir}/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=${php52_dir}/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ..

echo "php52 extension installed successfully!"

}
cat << EOF
-* The script is advocating a simple aesthetic, only one file to complete downloading, extract, configure, compile and install Nginx php mysql *-
-* 1  only install nginx                                                                                                                       *-
-* 2  only install nginx php                                                                                                                   *-
-*  3  installation of all(include nginx php mysql)                                                                                             *-
-*  4  only download software, no installation other                                                                                            *-
-* 5  only install php 5.2.17                                                                                                                  *-
-* 6  only install mysql server 5.1.58                                                                                                         *-
EOF
read -p "Now select the top option to install LNMP...1|2|3|4|5|6:" selectopt
case "$selectopt" in
     "1")
         init
        ins_nginx
     ;;
     "2")
          init
          ins_nginx
          ins_mysqlclient
          ins_php52
         ins_php52ext
     ;;
     "3")
          init
          ins_nginx
          ins_mysqlserver
          ins_php52
          ins_php52ext
     ;;
     "4")
          init
     ;;
          "5")
         ins_php52
         ins_php52ext 
     ;;
     "6")
         ins_mysqlserver
     ;;
               *)
          echo "$0 nginx_php"
    ;;
esac

nginx_php 各部分功能讲述

不管安装nginx php和mysql,如果脚本检测系统没有执行脚本的时候,将会自动执行初始化工作(包括yum 安装相关组件和下载所有的软件包以及配置nginx php服务)

nginx_php里的函数init 表示初始化,分几步来执行初始化:

1) yum 安装nginx php mysql相关组件

2) 在没有发现当前目录有packages的情况下, wget 下载软件包、配置文档、服务脚本到创建的packages下,之后删除软件列表。

3) 设置nginx和php-fpm服务

4) 创建eaccelerator 缓存目录/data0/cache,创建mysql数据目录/data0/mysql/data

5) 将mysql bin路径加入系统PATH中。

6) 创建myql组和mysql用户,www组和www用户

函数check_init表示,检测初始化工作有没有执行。

函数check_nginx表示,检测nginx有没有安装

函数check_php52表示,检测php有没有安装

函数check_mysql表示,检测mysql有没有安装

函数is_version表示,检测系统是64位的还是32位的,如果是64位的话,就安装libunwind库,因为google-perftools在64位系统中用到了libunwind库,在32位的是不需要安装libunwind库的。

函数ins_nginx表示安装nginx,其中有判断系统是否是64位,以便于顺利安装google-pertfools。

函数ins_mysqlclient表示安装mysql 客户端,这是让php 可以连接mysql server。

函数ins_mysqlserver表示安装mysql 服务端,并设置mysql安装目录为mysql组和mysql用户所有,已经配置mysql系统库。

函数ins_php52表示安装php,包括libiconv、autoconf、libmcrypt、mhash、mcrypt、suhosin等安装。并配置php.ini

函数ins_php52ext表示安装php的扩展,包括mecache、eacceletator、imagick等安装。

 

【51CTO.com独家特稿,转载请注明原文作者和出处。】

作者简介:崔晓辉(博客),网名coralzd,大众网系统管理员,精通网站系统架构、Unix技术。gtalk:coralzd@gmail.com 。