本想练习SQL,哪知道数据库打不开了。
提示如下:
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area  612368384 bytes
Fixed Size                  1250452 bytes
Variable Size             109054828 bytes
Database Buffers          499122176 bytes
Redo Buffers                2940928 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-01122: database file 6 failed verification check
ORA-01110: data file 6: 'D:\ORADATA\DATA02.DBF'
ORA-01207: file is more recent than control file - old control file
 
作如下操作,终于恢复正常。

1、
C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator>set nls_lang=american_america.ZHS16GBK
C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator>sqlplus /nolog
SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Wed Dec 16 22:10:27 2009
Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
SQL> conn / as sysdba
Connected.
SQL> startup
ORA-01081: cannot start already-running ORACLE - shut it down first
SQL>
SQL> shutdown immediate;
ORA-01507: database not mounted

ORACLE instance shut down.
2、
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area  612368384 bytes
Fixed Size                  1250452 bytes
Variable Size             109054828 bytes
Database Buffers          499122176 bytes
Redo Buffers                2940928 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-01122: database file 6 failed verification check
ORA-01110: data file 6: 'D:\ORADATA\DATA02.DBF'
ORA-01207: file is more recent than control file - old control file
3、
SQL> alter database backup controlfile to trace as 'f:\aa';
Database altered.

4、打开f:\aa ,选择下面文件保存为f:\create controlfiel.txt,
STARTUP NOMOUNT
CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "ORCL" NORESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG
    MAXLOGFILES 16
    MAXLOGMEMBERS 3
    MAXDATAFILES 100
    MAXINSTANCES 8
    MAXLOGHISTORY 292
LOGFILE
  GROUP 1 'C:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG'  SIZE 50M,
  GROUP 2 'C:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO02.LOG'  SIZE 50M,
  GROUP 3 'C:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO03.LOG'  SIZE 50M
-- STANDBY LOGFILE
DATAFILE
  'C:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORADATA\ORCL\SYSTEM01.DBF',
  'C:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORADATA\ORCL\UNDOTBS01.DBF',
  'C:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORADATA\ORCL\SYSAUX01.DBF',
  'C:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORADATA\ORCL\USERS01.DBF',
  'C:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORADATA\ORCL\DATA01.DBF',
  'D:\ORADATA\DATA02.DBF',
  'D:\ORADATA\DATA03.DBF'
CHARACTER SET ZHS16GBK
;
5、
SQL> @"F:\create controlfile.txt"
SP2-0042: unknown command "DATAFILE" - rest of line ignored.
SP2-0734: unknown command beginning "'C:\ORACLE..." - rest of line ignored.
SP2-0734: unknown command beginning "'C:\ORACLE..." - rest of line ignored.
SP2-0734: unknown command beginning "'C:\ORACLE..." - rest of line ignored.
SP2-0044: For a list of known commands enter HELP
and to leave enter EXIT.
SP2-0734: unknown command beginning "'C:\ORACLE..." - rest of line ignored.
SP2-0734: unknown command beginning "'C:\ORACLE..." - rest of line ignored.
SP2-0734: unknown command beginning "'D:\ORADAT..." - rest of line ignored.
SP2-0734: unknown command beginning "'D:\ORADAT..." - rest of line ignored.
SP2-0044: For a list of known commands enter HELP
and to leave enter EXIT.
SP2-0734: unknown command beginning "CHARACTER ..." - rest of line ignored.
  1  CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "ORCL" NORESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG
  2      MAXLOGFILES 16
  3      MAXLOGMEMBERS 3
  4      MAXDATAFILES 100
  5      MAXINSTANCES 8
  6      MAXLOGHISTORY 292
  7  LOGFILE
  8    GROUP 1 'C:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG'  SIZE 50M,
  9    GROUP 2 'C:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO02.LOG'  SIZE 50M,
 10    GROUP 3 'C:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO03.LOG'  SIZE 50M
 11* -- STANDBY LOGFILE
6\
SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01589: must use RESETLOGS or NORESETLOGS option for database open
7\
SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01194: file 1 needs more recovery to be consistent
ORA-01110: data file 1: 'C:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORADATA\ORCL\SYSTEM01.DBF'
8\
SQL> set wrap off
SQL> select * from v$log;
truncating (as requested) before column FIRST_CHANGE#

    GROUP#    THREAD#  SEQUENCE#      BYTES    MEMBERS ARC STATUS           FIRS
---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- --- ---------------- ----
         1          1        134   52428800          1 NO  INACTIVE         01-D
         3          1        133   52428800          1 NO  INACTIVE         01-D
         2          1        135   52428800          1 NO  CURRENT          03-D
9\
SQL> recover database using backup controlfile until cancel;
ORA-00279: change 856726 generated at 12/03/2009 17:33:09 needed for thread 1
ORA-00289: suggestion :
C:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\FLASH_RECOVERY_AREA\ORCL\ARCHIVELOG\2009_12_16\O1_MF_1_
135_%U_.ARC
ORA-00280: change 856726 for thread 1 is in sequence #135

Specify log: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
C:\ORACLE\PRODUCT\10.2.0\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO02.LOG
Log applied.
Media recovery complete.
SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01589: must use RESETLOGS or NORESETLOGS option for database open

SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
Database altered.