测试框架

CentOS-6.6-x86_64(minimal)

puppet-3.7.4

nagios-4.0.8.tar.gz

nagios-plugins-2.0.3.tar.gz

nrpe-2.15.tar.gz

192.168.188.10 mirrors.redking.com

192.168.188.20 master.redking.com

192.168.188.20 nagios.redking.com

192.168.188.31 agent1.redking.com

192.168.188.32 agent2.redking.com

192.168.188.33 agent3.redking.com

Puppet 要求所有机器有完整的域名(FQDN),如果没有 DNS 服务器提供域名的话,可以在两台机器上设置主机名(注意要先设置主机名再安装 Puppet,因为安装 Puppet 时会把主机名写入证书,客户端和服务端通信需要这个证书),因为我配置了DNS,所以就不用改hosts了,如果没有就需要改hosts文件指定。

1.关闭selinux,iptables,并设置ntp
采用CentOS-6.6-x86_64.iso进行minimal最小化安装

关闭selinux

[root@master ~]# cat /etc/selinux/config 

# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system. 

# SELINUX= can take one of these three values: 

# enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced. 

# permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing. 

# disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded. 

SELINUX=enforcing 

# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these two values: 

# targeted - Targeted processes are protected, 

# mls - Multi Level Security protection. 

SELINUXTYPE=targeted 

[root@master ~]# sed -i '/SELINUX/ s/enforcing/disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config 

[root@master ~]# cat /etc/selinux/config 

# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system. 

# SELINUX= can take one of these three values: 

# enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced. 

# permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing. 

# disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded. 

SELINUX=disabled 

# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these two values: 

# targeted - Targeted processes are protected, 

# mls - Multi Level Security protection. 

SELINUXTYPE=targeted 

[root@master ~]# setenforce 0 

停止iptables

[root@node1 ~]# chkconfig --list |grep tables 

ip6tables 0:off 1:off 2:on 3:on 4:on 5:on 6:off 

iptables 0:off 1:off 2:on 3:on 4:on 5:on 6:off 

[root@node1 ~]# chkconfig ip6tables off 

[root@node1 ~]# chkconfig iptables off 

[root@node1 ~]# service ip6tables stop 

ip6tables: Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter [ OK ] 

ip6tables: Flushing firewall rules: [ OK ] 

ip6tables: Unloading modules: [ OK ] 

[root@node1 ~]# service iptables stop 

iptables: Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter [ OK ] 

iptables: Flushing firewall rules: [ OK ] 

iptables: Unloading modules: [ OK ] 

[root@node1 ~]#

设置ntp

[root@master ~]# ntpdate pool.ntp.org

[root@master ~]# chkconfig --list|grep ntp 

ntpd 0:off 1:off 2:off 3:off 4:off 5:off 6:off 

ntpdate 0:off 1:off 2:off 3:off 4:off 5:off 6:off 

[root@master ~]# chkconfig ntpd on 

[root@master ~]# service ntpd start 

Starting ntpd: [ OK ] 

[root@master ~]#

2.安装puppet服务
puppet不在CentOS的基本源中,需要加入 PuppetLabs 提供的官方源:

[root@master ~]# wget http://yum.puppetlabs.com/el/6/products/x86_64/puppetlabs-release-6-7.noarch.rpm 

[root@master ~]# rpm -ivh puppetlabs-release-6-7.noarch.rpm 

[root@master ~]# yum update -y

在 master上安装和启用 puppet 服务:
[root@master ~]# yum install -y puppet-server

[root@master ~]# chkconfig puppet on 

[root@master ~]# chkconfig puppetmaster on

[root@master ~]# service puppet start

Starting puppet agent:                                     [  OK  ]

[root@master ~]# service puppetmaster start

Starting puppetmaster:                                     [  OK  ]

[root@master ~]# 

在clients上安装puppet客户端
[root@agent1 ~]# yum install -y puppet 

[root@agent1 ~]# chkconfig puppet on 

[root@agent1 ~]# service puppet start

3.配置puppet

对于puppet 客户端,修改/etc/puppet/puppet.conf,指定master服务器

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并重启puppet服务

[root@agent1 ~]# service puppet restart 

4.Client申请证书
服务端自动签发证书设置
设置master自动签发所有的证书,我们只需要在/etc/puppet目录下创建 autosign.conf文件。(不需要修改 /etc/puppet/puppet.conf文件,因为我默认的autosign.conf 文件的位置没有修改)

[root@master ~]# cat > /etc/puppet/autosign.conf <<EOF 

> *.redking.com

> EOF

[root@master ~]# service puppetmaster restart 

Stopping puppetmaster:                                     [  OK  ]

Starting puppetmaster:                                     [  OK  ]

[root@master ~]# 

这样就会对所有来自fisteam2.com的机器的请求,都自动签名。
client需要向服务器端发出请求, 让服务器对客户端进行管理. 这其实是一个证书签发的过程. 第一次运行 puppet 客户端的时候会生成一个 SSL 证书并指定发给 Puppet 服务端, 服务器端如果同意管理客户端,就会对这个证书进行签发,可以用这个命令来签发证书,由于我们已经在客户端设置了server地址,因此不需要跟服务端地址
[root@agent1 ~]# puppet agent --test

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就可以申请证书了,由于我配置的自动签发证书,所以直接就签发了,在服务端执行

[root@master ~]# puppet cert list --all

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Nagios服务器安装

1.安装Nagios相关依赖包

[root@master ~]# yum install -y httpd php gcc glibc glibc-common gd gd-devel openssl-devel

2.创建Nagios用户与组

[root@master ~]# useradd -m nagios

[root@master ~]# passwd nagios

创建nagcmd用户组以执行来自Web接口命令,并添加nagios和apache用户到此用户组
[root@master ~]# groupadd nagcmd

[root@master ~]# usermod -a -G nagcmd nagios

[root@master ~]# usermod -a -G nagcmd apache

3.下载Nagios和Plugins软件包

http://www.nagios.org/download/下载Nagios Core和Nagios Plugins

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4.编译安装Nagios

[root@master tmp]# tar zxf nagios-4.0.8.tar.gz 

[root@master tmp]# cd nagios-4.0.8

#运行Nagios配置脚本,并把nagcmd更改为之前所创建的组

[root@master nagios-4.0.8]# ./configure --with-command-group=nagcmd

#编译Nagios源码

[root@master nagios-4.0.8]# make all

#安装二进制文件、init脚本文件、sample配置文件,设置外部命令目录权限

[root@master nagios-4.0.8]# make install

[root@master nagios-4.0.8]# make install-init

[root@master nagios-4.0.8]# make install-config

[root@master nagios-4.0.8]# make install-commandmode

5.修改配置文件

样式配置文件位于/usr/local/nagios/etc目录,可以更改email地址

[root@master nagios-4.0.8]# vim /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/contacts.cfg 

6.配置Web界面

在Apache的conf.d目录中安装Nagios Web配置文件

[root@master nagios-4.0.8]# make install-webconf

创建nagiosadmin帐号登录Nagios Web接口

[root@master nagios-4.0.8]# htpasswd -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users nagiosadmin

[root@master nagios-4.0.8]# service httpd start

Starting httpd:                                            [  OK  ]

[root@master nagios-4.0.8]# chkconfig httpd on

开启httpd服务使配置生效并设置开机自启

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7.编译安装Nagios Plugins

[root@master tmp]# tar zxvf nagios-plugins-2.0.3.tar.gz 

[root@master tmp]# cd nagios-plugins-2.0.3

[root@master nagios-plugins-2.0.3]# ./configure --with-nagios-user=nagios --with-nagios-group=nagios

[root@master nagios-plugins-2.0.3]# make && make install

8.编译安装Nrpe

[root@master tmp]# tar zxvf nrpe-2.15.tar.gz

[root@master nrpe-2.15]# ./configure

[root@master nrpe-2.15]# make all

[root@master nrpe-2.15]# make install-plugin

[root@master nrpe-2.15]# make install-daemon

[root@master nrpe-2.15]# make install-daemon-config

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9.启动Nagios

本机监控HTTP SSH的Notifications显示警告错误,解决方法

[root@master ~]# vim /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/localhost.cfg

# Define a service to check SSH on the local machine.

# Disable notifications for this service by default, as not all users may have SSH enabled.

define service{

use                             local-service         ; Name of service template to use

host_name                       localhost

service_description             SSH

check_command                   check_ssh

notifications_enabled           1  #改为1,即可

}

# Define a service to check HTTP on the local machine.

# Disable notifications for this service by default, as not all users may have HTTP enabled.

define service{

use                             local-service         ; Name of service template to use

host_name                       localhost

service_description             HTTP

check_command                   check_http

notifications_enabled           1  #改为1,即可

}

[root@master ~]# touch /var/www/html/index.html

启动Nagios之前测试配置文件

[root@master ~]# /usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg 

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启动Nagios、nrpe并设置开机自启

[root@master ~]# chkconfig nagios --add

[root@master ~]# chkconfig --list |grep nagios 

nagios          0:off   1:off   2:off   3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off

[root@master ~]# chkconfig nagios on

[root@master ~]# service nagios start

Starting nagios: done.

[root@master ~]# echo "/usr/local/nagios/bin/nrpe -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/nrpe.cfg -d" >> /etc/rc.d/rc.local

[root@master nrpe-2.15]# /usr/local/nagios/bin/nrpe -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/nrpe.cfg -d 

[root@master nrpe-2.15]# netstat -tunpl |grep nrpe 

tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:5666 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 70100/nrpe

tcp 0 0 :::5666 :::* LISTEN 70100/nrpe

[root@master nrpe-2.15]#

执行/usr/local/nagios/libexec/check_nrpe -H 127.0.0.1检查连接是否正常

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使用之前定义的nagiosadmin帐号与密码登录Nagios,地址:http://192.168.188.20/nagios/

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创建Nagios客户端监控

1.Puppet Master安装相应模块

Nagios没有目前没有提供官方软件源,在批量部署时可以使用第三方epel源,采用Example42所提供的puppet-nrpe来实现Linux服务器批量部署。部署客户端使用官方3个模块:epel、nrpe、puppi。

epel模块用于安装nrpe软件,nrpe模块用于收集主机信息,puppi属于Example42模块组件,使用Example42模块时都需要加载此模块。

Puppi是一个Puppet模块和CLI命令,他可以标准化和自动化快速部署应用程序,并提供快速和标准查询命令,检查系统资源。

[root@master ~]# git clone https://github.com/puppetlabs/puppetlabs-stdlib /etc/puppet/modules/stdlib

[root@master ~]# git clone https://github.com/example42/puppi /etc/puppet/modules/puppi

[root@master ~]# git clone https://github.com/example42/puppet-nrpe /etc/puppet/modules/nrpe

[root@master ~]# puppet module install stahnma/epel

[root@master ~]# vim /etc/puppet/puppet.conf 

[master]

modulepath = /etc/puppet/modules/

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2.创建agent节点组配置文件

[root@master ~]# mkdir /etc/puppet/manifests/nodes

[root@master ~]# vim /etc/puppet/manifests/nodes/agentgroup.pp

node /^agent\d+\.redking\.com$/ {

include stdlib

include epel

class { 'puppi': }

class { 'nrpe': 

require => Class['epel'],

allowed_hosts => ['127.0.0.1',$::ipaddress,'192.168.188.20'],

template => 'nrpe/nrpe.cfg.erb',

}

}

[root@master ~]# vim /etc/puppet/manifests/site.pp

import "nodes/agentgroup.pp"

3.配置Nagios添加agent.redking.com主机监控

修改/usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/commands.cfg

command_name check_nrpe ——定义命令名称为check_nrpe,services.cfg必须使用

command_line $USER1$/check_nrpe -H $HOSTADDRESS$ -c $ARG1$ ——用$USER1$代替/usr/local/nagios/libexec

这是定义实际运行的插件程序.这个命令行的书写要完全按照check_nrpe这个命令的用法.不知道用法的就用check_nrpe –h查看; -c后面带的$ARG1$参数是传给nrpe daemon执行的检测命令,它必须是nrpe.cfg中所定义的5条命令中的其中一条。

[root@master ~]# vim /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/commands.cfg 

# 'check_nrpe' command definition

define command{

command_name check_nrpe

command_line $USER1$/check_nrpe -H $HOSTADDRESS$ -c $ARG1$

}

修改/usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg

[root@master ~]# vim /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg 

cfg_file=/usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/agent1.redking.com.cfg

cfg_file=/usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/agnet2.redking.com.cfg

cfg_file=/usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/agent3.redking.com.cfg

增加agent1~3.redking.com.cfg配置文件

# vim /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/agent1.redking.com.cfg

define host{

use             linux-server

host_name       agent1.redking.com

alias agent1.redking.com

address         192.168.188.31

}

define service{

use                     generic-service

host_name               agent1.redking.com

service_description     PING

check_command           check_ping!100.0,20%!500.0,60%

}

define service{

use                     generic-service

host_name               agent1.redking.com

service_description     Current Users

check_command           check_nrpe!check_users!10!5

}

define service{

use                     generic-service

host_name               agent1.redking.com

service_description     Current Load

check_command           check_nrpe!check_load!15,10,5!30,25,20

}

define service{

use                     generic-service

host_name               agent1.redking.com

service_description     Swap Usage

check_command           check_nrpe!check_swap!20!40

}

检测Nagios服务并重启使配置生效

[root@master ~]# /usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg 

[root@master ~]# service nagios restart

[root@master ~]# service puppetmaster restart

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客户端测试

[root@agent1 ~]# puppet agent --test

客户端自动部署nrpe

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下面我们来看下客户端自动化部署nrpe后采集信息的nagios监控界面

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NRPE模块中定义的nrpe.cfg包含大量脚本,我们可以直接拿来使用当然也可以自己修改nrpe.cfg.erb模板内容。在批量部署时可以分别采用自己编写的模块或者现有模块来实现,利用现有模块几乎能实现系统管理日常工作中90%任务,剩余的10%我们可以根据生产业务来自己定制。

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