下载并安装了最新的Centos7.0系统,系统默认带的YUM源有时候不能满足需求,故使用fodora epelyum源是个不错的选择,eple所对应的RHEL7和Centos7已经出来了,替换方法如下:

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Epel介绍

Epel介绍

具体请参见:http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL

如何安装 Epel源到 RHEL/CentOS 7/6/5?

通过wget命令下载RPM文件,然后安装。

RHEL/CentOS 7 64 Bit

## RHEL/CentOS 7 64-Bit ##
# wget http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/beta/7/x86_64/epel-release-7-0.2.noarch.rpm
# rpm -ivh epel-release-7-0.2.noarch.rpm

RHEL/CentOS 6 32-64 Bit

## RHEL/CentOS 6 32-Bit ##
# wget http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
# rpm -ivh epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

## RHEL/CentOS 6 64-Bit ##
# wget http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
# rpm -ivh epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

RHEL/CentOS 5 32-64 Bit

## RHEL/CentOS 5 32-Bit ##
# wget http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/5/i386/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm
# rpm -ivh epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm

## RHEL/CentOS 5 64-Bit ##
# wget http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/5/x86_64/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm
# rpm -ivh epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm

RHEL/CentOS 4 32-64 Bit

## RHEL/CentOS 4 32-Bit ##
# wget http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/4/i386/epel-release-4-10.noarch.rpm
# rpm -ivh epel-release-4-10.noarch.rpm

## RHEL/CentOS 4 64-Bit ##
# wget http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/4/x86_64/epel-release-4-10.noarch.rpm
# rpm -ivh epel-release-4-10.noarch.rpm

如何检查epel是否安装成功?

使用一下命令:

# yum repolist

输出如下

[root@Lixiaolong ~]# yum repolist
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.yun-idc.com
 * epel: ftp.sjtu.edu.cn
 * extras: mirrors.yun-idc.com
 * updates: mirrors.yun-idc.com
repo id                        repo name                                                     status
base/7/x86_64                  CentOS-7 - Base                                               8,465
epel/x86_64                    Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 7 - x86_64                5,036
extras/7/x86_64                CentOS-7 - Extras                                                30
updates/7/x86_64               CentOS-7 - Updates                                              423
repolist: 13,954
[root@Lixiaolong ~]#

如何使用epel源安装软件?

例如想查看cacti信息

# yum --enablerepo=epel info cacti

Sample Output

2014-07-29_111010

安装则执行以下命令:

# yum --enablerepo=epel install cacti

Note: Epel的配置文件在/etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo.

 

转自:http://linux.it.net.cn/CentOS/course/2014/1214/10265.html