一、系统环境:CentOS_6.5,32位

二、软件要求:(亲测,将软件包拷贝到/usr/local/src/目录下)

mysql-5.1.73-linux-i686-glibc23.tar.gz

php-5.3.27.tar.gz

nginx-1.4.4.tar.gz

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一、安装MySQL

1、解压

[root@CentOS_LNMP src]# tar zxvf mysql-5.1.73-linux-i686-glibc23.tar.gz

2、把解压后的数据包移动至/usr/local/mysql

[root@CentOS_LNMP src]# mv mysql-5.1.73-linux-i686-glibc23 /usr/local/mysql

3、创建mysql用户(没有家目录且不能登陆的用户)

[root@CentOS_LNMP mysql]# useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql

4、初始化数据库

[root@CentOS_LNMP mysql]# mkdir -p /data/mysql //创建datadir,数据库文件会放在这里

[root@CentOS_LNMP mysql]# chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql //更改mysql属主属组

[root@CentOS_LNMP mysql]# ./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --datadir=/data/mysql

//--user定义数据库所属主,--datadir定义数据库安装目录 看到2个ok代表安装成功

5、拷贝配置文件

[root@CentOS_LNMP mysql]# cp support-files/my-large.cnf /etc/my.cnf

6、拷贝启动脚本并修改属性

[root@CentOS_LNMP mysql]# cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld

[root@CentOS_LNMP mysql]# chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld

7、修改启动脚本

[root@CentOS_LNMP mysql]# vim /etc/init.d/mysqld

修改:basedir=/usr/local/mysql

    datadir=/data/mysql

8、把启动脚本加入系统服务项,并设定开机启动,启动mysql

[root@CentOS_LNMP mysql]# chkconfig --add mysqld

[root@CentOS_LNMP mysql]# chkconfig mysqld on

[root@CentOS_LNMP mysql]# service mysqld start

说明:若不能启动,可以到 /data/mysql/ 目录下查看错误日志,日志通常是主机名.err。检查MySQL是否启动的命令为:ps aux |gerp mysqld。

二、安装php

为防止后面出错先安装需要的软件或者库文件

[root@CentOS_LNMP src]# yum install -y gcc gcc-c++  make zlib zlib-devel pcre pcre-devel  libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers libtool libtool-ltdl-devel

[root@CentOS_LNMP src]# yum install -y epel-release.noarch

[root@CentOS_LNMP src]# yum install -y libmcrypt-devel

1、解压

[root@CentOS_LNMP src]# tar zxvf php-5.3.27.tar.gz

2、创建相关账户

[root@CentOS_LNMP src]# useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin php-fpm

3、配置编译参数

[root@CentOS_LNMP src]# cd php-5.3.27

[root@CentOS_LNMP php-5.3.27]# ./configure \

--prefix=/usr/local/php \

--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc \

--enable-fpm \

--with-fpm-user=php-fpm \

--with-fpm-group=php-fpm \

--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql \

--with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock \

--with-libxml-dir \

--with-gd \

--with-jpeg-dir \

--with-png-dir \

--with-freetype-dir \

--with-iconv-dir \

--with-zlib-dir \

--with-mcrypt \

--enable-soap \

--enable-gd-native-ttf \

--enable-ftp \

--enable-mbstring \

--enable-exif \

--enable-zend-multibyte \

--disable-ipv6 \

--with-pear \

--with-curl \

--with-openssl

4、编译安装

[root@CentOS_LNMP mysql]# make && make install

5、修改配置文件

[root@CentOS_LNMP php-5.3.27]# cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

[root@CentOS_LNMP php-5.3.27]# vim /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf  

[global]

pid = /usr/local/php/var/run/php-fpm.pid

error_log = /usr/local/php/var/log/php-fpm.log

[www]

listen = /tmp/php-fcgi.sock

user = php-fpm

group = php-fpm

pm = dynamic

pm.max_children = 50

pm.start_servers = 20

pm.min_spare_servers = 5

pm.max_spare_servers = 35

pm.max_requests = 500

rlimit_files = 1024

保存配置文件后,检验配置是否正确:

[root@CentOS_LNMP php-5.3.27]# /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -t

如果出现诸如 “test is successful” 字样,说明配置没有问题。

6、启动php-fpm

[root@CentOS_LNMP php-5.3.27]# cp /usr/local/src/php-5.3.27/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm

[root@CentOS_LNMP php-5.3.27]# chmod 755 /etc/init.d/php-fpm

[root@CentOS_LNMP php-5.3.27]# service php-fpm start

如果想让它开机启动,执行:

chkconfig php-fpm on

检测是否启动:

ps aux |grep php-fpm

看看是不是有很多个进程(大概20多个)

三、安装nginx

1、解压nginx

[root@CentOS_LNMP src]# tar -zxvf nginx-1.4.4.tar.gz

2、配置编译参数

[root@CentOS_LNMP src]# cd nginx-1.4.4

[root@CentOS_LNMP nginx-1.4.4]# ./configure \

--prefix=/usr/local/nginx \

--with-http_realip_module \

--with-http_sub_module \

--with-http_gzip_static_module \

--with-http_stub_status_module  \

--with-pcre

4、编译nginx

[root@CentOS_LNMP nginx-1.4.4]# make

4、安装nginx

[root@CentOS_LNMP nginx-1.4.4]# make install

5、编写nginx启动脚本,并加入系统服务


[root@CentOS_LNMP nginx-1.4.4]# vim /etc/init.d/nginx       //写入如下内容

#!/bin/bash

# chkconfig: - 30 21

# description: http service.

# Source Function Library

. /etc/init.d/functions

# Nginx Settings


NGINX_SBIN="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"

NGINX_CONF="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"

NGINX_PID="/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid"

RETVAL=0

prog="Nginx"


start() {

        echo -n $"Starting $prog: "

        mkdir -p /dev/shm/nginx_temp

        daemon $NGINX_SBIN -c $NGINX_CONF

        RETVAL=$?

        echo

        return $RETVAL

}


stop() {

        echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "

        killproc -p $NGINX_PID $NGINX_SBIN -TERM

        rm -rf /dev/shm/nginx_temp

        RETVAL=$?

        echo

        return $RETVAL

}


reload(){

        echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "

        killproc -p $NGINX_PID $NGINX_SBIN -HUP

        RETVAL=$?

        echo

        return $RETVAL

}


restart(){

        stop

        start

}


configtest(){

    $NGINX_SBIN -c $NGINX_CONF -t

    return 0

}


case "$1" in

  start)

        start

        ;;

  stop)

        stop

        ;;

  reload)

        reload

        ;;

  restart)

        restart

        ;;

  configtest)

        configtest

        ;;

  *)

        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|reload|restart|configtest}"

        RETVAL=1

esac


exit $RETVAL

保存后,更改权限:


[root@CentOS_LNMP nginx-1.4.4]# chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nginx

[root@CentOS_LNMP nginx-1.4.4]# chkconfig --add nginx

如果想开机启动,请执行:


[root@CentOS_LNMP nginx-1.4.4]# chkconfig nginx on


6、更改nginx配置

更改nginx配置

首先把原来的配置文件清空:


> /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

“>” 这个符号为重定向的意思,单独用它,可以把一个文本文档快速清空。


vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

写入如下内容:


user nobody nobody;

worker_processes 2;

error_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx_error.log crit;

pid /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid;

worker_rlimit_nofile 51200;


events

{

    use epoll;

    worker_connections 6000;

}


http

{

    include mime.types;

    default_type application/octet-stream;

    server_names_hash_bucket_size 3526;

    server_names_hash_max_size 4096;

    log_format combined_realip '$remote_addr $http_x_forwarded_for [$time_local]'

    '$host "$request_uri" $status'

    '"$http_referer" "$http_user_agent"';

    sendfile on;

    tcp_nopush on;

    keepalive_timeout 30;

    client_header_timeout 3m;

    client_body_timeout 3m;

    send_timeout 3m;

    connection_pool_size 256;

    client_header_buffer_size 1k;

    large_client_header_buffers 8 4k;

    request_pool_size 4k;

    output_buffers 4 32k;

    postpone_output 1460;

    client_max_body_size 10m;

    client_body_buffer_size 256k;

    client_body_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/client_body_temp;

    proxy_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/proxy_temp;

    fastcgi_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/fastcgi_temp;

    fastcgi_intercept_errors on;

    tcp_nodelay on;

    gzip on;

    gzip_min_length 1k;

    gzip_buffers 4 8k;

    gzip_comp_level 5;

    gzip_http_version 1.1;

    gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css text/htm application/xml;


server

{

    listen 80;

    server_name localhost;

    index index.html index.htm index.php;

    root /usr/local/nginx/html;


    location ~ \.php$ {

        include fastcgi_params;

        fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-fcgi.sock;

        fastcgi_index index.php;

        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /usr/local/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name;

    }


}


}

保存配置后,先检验一下配置文件是否有错误存在:


/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t

如果显示内容如下,则配置正确,否则需要根据错误提示修改配置文件:


nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok

nginx: configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful

启动nginx:


service nginx start

如果不能启动,请查看 “/usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log” 文件,检查nginx是否启动:


ps aux |grep nginx

看是否有进程。


测试是否解析php文件


创建测试文件:


vim /usr/local/nginx/html/1.php

内容如下:


<?php

    echo "测试php是否解析";

?>

测试:


[root@localhost nginx]# curl localhost/1.php

测试php是否解析

说明php解析正确。




或者我们创建文件:

vim /usr/local/nginx/html/info.php

内容如下:

<?php

phpinfo();

?>

我们在网页上输入ip/info.php