基于PHP的运行环境大家用的比较多的是以apache做中间件的LAMP(linux+apache+mysql+php)环境和以nginx做中间件的LNMP(linux+nginx+mysql+php)环境,apache是世界排名第一的web服务器,apache可以整合大多数应用,比如jsp,php,cgi,python等等,但是apache过于臃肿以及对静态文件响应过于缓慢是让人很不满意的;而nginx作为后起之秀,大有超越前辈的势头,从最近很多门户网站选用nginx就可见一斑,nginx速度快,占用资源少,高性能转发,很高的稳定性,支持热部署,杀手级的proxy和rewrite,但nginx对于php处理依托于fastcgi,fastcgi不够稳定,经常出现502错误,生成相对复杂的页面没有优势,反而会使php-cgi进程变为僵尸进程,多用户多站点的安全性不高,对于其它开发语言的整合,apache表现的更好;综上述对比,为了搭建高性能的php运行环境,就要考虑对apache、nginx进行整合,各取所长,nginx在处理静态内容上的效率较apache强很大,那么就用nginx在前端处理静态文件,把基于php的动态文件转发到后端的apache来处理,接下来我们就开始布署LNAMP(linux+nginx+apache+mysql+php)环境

一、网络拓扑: 

lvs-master: 192.168.9.221
LVS-backup: 192.168.9.222
LVS-VIP: 192.168.9.220

web_server_1: 192.168.9.223
web_server_2: 192.168.9.224
nfs_server_1: 192.168.9.228
nfs_server_1: 192.168.9.229
nfs_vip: 192.168.9.230
mysql_master: 192.168.9.226
mysql_backup: 192.168.9.227
mysql_vip: 192.168.9.225

目的:搭建高可用、高性能的php集群

二、初始化系统
#init system
系统环境: CentOS 5.5 (最小化安装)

./init_system.sh    #此脚本参见http://kerry.blog.51cto.com/172631/555535

#更新组件
sudo -s
LANG=C
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ bison patch unzip mlocate flex wget automake autoconf gd cpp gettext readline-devel libjpeg \
libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 \
glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel libidn libidn-devel openldap \
openldap-devel openldap-clients openldap-servers nss_ldap expat-devel libtool libtool-ltdl-devel bison

三、LVS+keeplived
#关于LVS+keeplived的配置请参考我的另一篇博文《CentOS5.5环境下布署LVS+keepalived 》http://kerry.blog.51cto.com/172631/401253

四、web_server安装配置(nginx、apache整合)
#download software
cd /opt
wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.0.4.tar.gz
wget http://www.apache.org/dist/httpd/httpd-2.2.19.tar.gz
wget http://www.cmake.org/files/v2.8/cmake-2.8.4.tar.gz
wget http://mysql.he.net/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.13.tar.gz
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
#rpaf模块,该模块用于apache做后端时获取访客真实的IP
wget http://stderr.net/apache/rpaf/download/mod_rpaf-0.6.tar.gz
#字符转换库libiconv
wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/mcrypt/files/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.bz2/download
wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/mcrypt/files/MCrypt/2.6.8/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz/download
wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/mhash/files/mhash/0.9.9.9/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.bz2/download
wget http://cn.php.net/distributions/php-5.2.17.tar.bz2
#php5-mail-header.patch为php被丁,有助于防止邮件发送被滥用
wget http://www.lancs.ac.uk/~steveb/patches/php-mail-header-patch/php5-mail-header.patch
#PHP的memcache扩展
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/memcache-2.2.6.tgz
#eaccelerator加速
wget http://bart.eaccelerator.net/source/0.9.6.1/eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2
wget ftp://ftp.imagemagick.org/pub/ImageMagick/ImageMagick.tar.bz2
#PHP的imagick扩展
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/imagick-3.0.1.tgz
#Suhosin是一个PHP程序的保护系统
wget http://download.suhosin.org/suhosin-0.9.32.1.tar.gz
wget http://downloads2.ioncube.com/loader_downloads/ioncube_loaders_lin_x86.tar.bz2
wget http://downloads.zend.com/optimizer/3.3.9/ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-i386.tar.gz    #32位
wget http://downloads.zend.com/optimizer/3.3.9/ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-x86_64.tar.gz  #64位
wget http://monkey.org/~provos/libevent-2.0.11-stable.tar.gz
wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/pcre/files/pcre/8.12/pcre-8.12.tar.bz2/download
wget http://memcached.googlecode.com/files/memcached-1.4.5.tar.gz
#PHP的PDO扩展
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
#Tcmalloc 优化nginx、mysql
wget http://google-perftools.googlecode.com/files/google-perftools-1.7.tar.gz

#---------------------------- 使用cmake编译安装mysql ----------------------------------
#使用Tcmalloc 优化nginx、mysql
cd /opt
tar -zxvf google-perftools-1.7.tar.gz
cd google-perftools-1.7/
./configure
make;make install

echo "/usr/local/lib" > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/usr_local_lib.conf
/sbin/ldconfig
cd ../

tar -zxvf cmake-2.8.4.tar.gz
cd cmake-2.8.4
./bootstrap
gmake
gmake install
cd ../

/usr/sbin/groupadd mysql
/usr/sbin/useradd -g mysql mysql -s /sbin/nologin
mkdir -p /data/mysql/data
mkdir -p /data/mysql/binlog
mkdir -p /data/mysql/relaylog
mkdir -p /data/mysql/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql
cd /opt
tar zxvf mysql-5.5.13.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.5.13/
rm -rf CMakeCache.txt
cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql \
-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/data/mysql/mysql.sock \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \
-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all \
-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_READLINE=1 \
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql/data \
-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306
make;make install
chmod +w /usr/local/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18 /usr/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18

#编辑mysql配置文件
vi /etc/my.cnf

  1. [client]  
  2. port    = 3306 
  3. socket  = /data/mysql/mysql.sock  
  4.  
  5. [mysqld]  
  6. character_set_server = utf8 
  7. collation-server = utf8_general_ci 
  8. replicate-ignore-db = mysql 
  9. replicate-ignore-db = test 
  10. replicate-ignore-db = information_schema 
  11. user    = mysql 
  12. port    = 3306 
  13. socket  = /data/mysql/mysql.sock  
  14. basedir = /usr/local/mysql  
  15. datadir = /data/mysql/data  
  16. log-error = /data/mysql/mysql_error.log  
  17. pid-file = /data/mysql/mysql.pid  
  18. open_files_limit    = 10240 
  19. back_log = 600 
  20. max_connections = 5000 
  21. max_connect_errors = 6000 
  22. table_cache = 512 
  23. external-locking = FALSE 
  24. max_allowed_packet = 32M 
  25. sort_buffer_size = 6M 
  26. join_buffer_size = 8M 
  27. thread_cache_size = 300 
  28. thread_concurrency = 8 
  29. query_cache_size = 512M 
  30. query_cache_limit = 2M 
  31. query_cache_min_res_unit = 2k 
  32. default-storage-engine = MyISAM 
  33. thread_stack = 256K 
  34. transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED  
  35. tmp_table_size = 256M 
  36. max_heap_table_size = 256M 
  37. long_query_time = 3 
  38. log-slave-updates  
  39. log-bin = /data/mysql/binlog/binlog  
  40. binlog_cache_size = 4M 
  41. binlog_format = MIXED 
  42. max_binlog_cache_size = 8M 
  43. max_binlog_size = 100M 
  44. relay-log-index = /data/mysql/relaylog/relaylog  
  45. relay-log-info-file = /data/mysql/relaylog/relaylog  
  46. relay-log = /data/mysql/relaylog/relaylog  
  47. expire_logs_days = 30 
  48. key_buffer_size = 384M 
  49. read_buffer_size = 4M 
  50. read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M 
  51. bulk_insert_buffer_size = 64M 
  52. myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M 
  53. myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G 
  54. myisam_repair_threads = 1 
  55. myisam_recover  
  56.  
  57. interactive_timeout = 120 
  58. wait_timeout = 120 
  59.  
  60. skip_external_locking  
  61. skip-name-resolve  
  62. #master-connect-retry = 10 
  63. slave-skip-errors = 1032,1062,126,1114,1146,1048,1396  
  64.  
  65. #master-host     =   192.168.1.2  
  66. #master-user     =   username 
  67. #master-password =   password  
  68. #master-port     =  3306 
  69.  
  70. server-id = 1 
  71.  
  72. skip-innodb  
  73.  
  74. #log-slow-queries = /data/mysql/slow.log  
  75. #long_query_time = 10 
  76.  
  77. [mysqldump]  
  78. quick  
  79. max_allowed_packet = 32M 

#初始化mysql
/usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql/data --user=mysql

#利用TCMalloc提高mysql在高并发下的性能
vi /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe

#在# executing mysqld_safe的下一行,加上:
export LD_PRELOAD=/usr/local/lib/libtcmalloc.so

#使用lsof命令查看tcmalloc是否起效
/usr/sbin/lsof -n | grep tcmalloc

#设置mysql启动文件
cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
basedir=/usr/local/mysql
datadir=/data/mysql/data

chmod 700 /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
/etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld start
/sbin/chkconfig --add mysqld
/sbin/chkconfig --level 2345 mysqld on
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /sbin/mysql
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin /sbin/mysqladmin

#设置root密码(753951)
/sbin/mysqladmin -u root password 753951

#配置库文件搜索路径
echo "/usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql" >> /etc/ld.so.conf
/sbin/ldconfig

#添加/usr/local/mysql/bin到环境变量PATH中
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin

#添加mysql管理帐户
#mysql -h localhost -u root -p753951
#msqyl> use mysql;
#msqyl> grant all on *.* to 'kerry'@'192.168.9.100' identified by '852741';
#msqyl> flush privileges;
#msqyl> exit;

#----------------------------------- 编译安装apache -------------------------------------
/usr/sbin/groupadd www
/usr/sbin/useradd -g www www -s /sbin/nologin
mkdir -p /data/www/kerry
mkdir -p /data/logs/kerry
mkdir -p /data/www/king
mkdir -p /data/logs/king
chown -R www:www /data/www
chown -R www:www /data/logs
cd /opt
tar -zxvf httpd-2.2.19.tar.gz
cd httpd-2.2.19
cd srclib/apr 
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr --enable-threads --enable-other-child --enable-static
make;make install
cd ../apr-util
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr-util --with-apr=/usr/local/apr
make;make install
cd ../../
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache \
--enable-deflate \
--enable-headers \
--enable-mime-magic \
--enable-proxy \
--enable-ssl \
--enable-so \
--enable-rewrite \
--enable-suexec \
--with-suexec-bin=/usr/sbin/suexec \
--with-suexec-caller=www \
--with-apr=/usr/local/apr \
--with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util \
--with-mpm=prefork \
--with-ssl=/usr
make;make install

cp /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl /etc/init.d/httpd
vi /etc/init.d/httpd
#在首行#!/bin/sh下添加
# Startup script for the Apache Web Server
#
# chkconfig: - 85 15
# description: Apache is a World Wide Web server. It is used to serve \
# HTML files and CGI.
# processname: httpd
# pidfile: /usr/local/apache/logs/httpd.pid
# config: /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

#修改apache配置文件
cd /usr/local/apache/conf/
mv httpd.conf httpd.conf.bak

vi httpd.conf

  1. PidFile logs/httpd.pid  
  2. LockFile logs/accept.lock  
  3. ServerRoot "/usr/local/apache"  
  4. Listen 0.0.0.0:81  
  5. User www  
  6. Group www  
  7. ServerAdmin king_819@163.com  
  8. ServerName www.kerry.com  
  9.  
  10. Timeout 300  
  11. KeepAlive Off  
  12. MaxKeepAliveRequests 100  
  13. KeepAliveTimeout 5  
  14. UseCanonicalName Off  
  15. AccessFileName .htaccess  
  16. TraceEnable Off  
  17. ServerTokens ProductOnly  
  18. FileETag None  
  19. ServerSignature Off  
  20. HostnameLookups Off  
  21.  
  22. # LoadModule perl_module modules/mod_perl.so  
  23.  
  24. DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache/htdocs"  
  25.  
  26. <Directory "/"> 
  27.  Options ExecCGI FollowSymLinks Includes IncludesNOEXEC -Indexes -MultiViews SymLinksIfOwnerMatch  
  28.  Order allow,deny  
  29.  Allow from all  
  30.  AllowOverride All  
  31. </Directory> 
  32.  
  33. <Directory "/usr/local/apache/htdocs"> 
  34.  Options Includes -Indexes FollowSymLinks  
  35.  AllowOverride None  
  36.  Order allow,deny  
  37.  Allow from all  
  38. </Directory> 
  39.  
  40. DefaultType text/plain  
  41. RewriteEngine on  
  42. AddType text/html .shtml  
  43. AddHandler cgi-script .cgi .pl .plx .ppl .perl  
  44. AddHandler server-parsed .shtml  
  45. <IfModule mime_module> 
  46.  
  47.     TypesConfig conf/mime.types  
  48.     AddType application/perl .pl .plx .ppl .perl  
  49.     AddType application/x-img .img  
  50.     AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .php3 .php4 .php5 .php6  
  51.     AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps  
  52.     AddType application/cgi .cgi  
  53.     AddType text/x-sql .sql  
  54.     AddType text/x-log .log  
  55.     AddType text/x-config .cnf conf  
  56.     AddType text/x-registry .reg  
  57.     AddType application/x-compress .Z  
  58.     AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz  
  59.     AddType text/html .shtml  
  60.     AddType application/x-tar .tgz  
  61.     AddType application/rar .rar  
  62.     AddType application/x-compressed .rar  
  63.     AddType application/x-rar .rar  
  64.     AddType application/x-rar-compressed .rar  
  65.     AddType text/vnd.wap.wml .wml  
  66.     AddType image/vnd.wap.wbmp .wbmp  
  67.     AddType text/vnd.wap.wmlscript .wmls  
  68.     AddType application/vnd.wap.wmlc .wmlc  
  69.     AddType application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc .wmlsc  
  70. </IfModule> 
  71.  
  72. <IfModule dir_module> 
  73.  DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.shtml index.php  
  74. </IfModule> 
  75.  
  76. <Files ~ "^error_log$"> 
  77.  Order allow,deny  
  78.  Deny from all  
  79.  
  80.  Satisfy All  
  81. </Files> 
  82.  
  83. <FilesMatch "^\.ht"> 
  84.  Order allow,deny  
  85.  Deny from all  
  86.  Satisfy All  
  87. </FilesMatch> 
  88.  
  89. ErrorLog "logs/error_log"  
  90. LogLevel warn  
  91.  
  92. <IfModule log_config_module> 
  93.  LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined  
  94.  LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common  
  95.  
  96.  <IfModule logio_module> 
  97.  
  98.  LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio  
  99.  </IfModule> 
  100.  CustomLog "logs/access_log" common  
  101. </IfModule> 
  102.  
  103. <IfModule alias_module> 
  104.  ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/usr/local/apache/cgi-bin/"  
  105. </IfModule> 
  106.  
  107. <Directory "/usr/local/apache/cgi-bin"> 
  108.  AllowOverride None  
  109.  Options None  
  110.  Order allow,deny  
  111.  Allow from all  
  112. </Directory> 
  113.  
  114. <IfModule mpm_prefork_module> 
  115.  StartServers          3  
  116.  MinSpareServers       3  
  117.  MaxSpareServers       5  
  118.  MaxClients          150  
  119.  MaxRequestsPerChild   1024  
  120. </IfModule> 
  121.  
  122. <IfModule mod_headers.c> 
  123. <FilesMatch "\.(html|htm|shtml)$"> 
  124.  
  125. Header set Cache-Control "max-age=3600, must-revalidate"  
  126. </FilesMatch> 
  127. </IfModule> 
  128.  
  129. ReadmeName README.html  
  130. HeaderName HEADER.html  
  131.  
  132. IndexIgnore .??* *~ *# HEADER* README* RCS CVS *,v *,t  
  133.  
  134. Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf  
  135.  
  136. <Location /server-status> 
  137.  SetHandler server-status  
  138.  Order deny,allow  
  139.  Deny from all  
  140.  Allow from 127.0.0.1  
  141. </Location> 
  142. ExtendedStatus On  
  143.  
  144. <Location /server-info> 
  145.  SetHandler server-info  
  146.  Order deny,allow  
  147.  Deny from all  
  148.  Allow from 127.0.0.1  
  149.  
  150. </Location> 
  151.  
  152. <IfModule ssl_module> 
  153. Listen 0.0.0.0:443  
  154. AddType application/x-x509-ca-cert .crt  
  155. AddType application/x-pkcs7-crl .crl  
  156. SSLCipherSuite ALL:!ADH:+HIGH:+MEDIUM:-LOW:-SSLv2:-EXP  
  157. SSLPassPhraseDialog  builtin  
  158. SSLSessionCache         dbm:/usr/local/apache/logs/ssl_scache  
  159. SSLSessionCacheTimeout  300  
  160. SSLMutex  file:/usr/local/apache/logs/ssl_mutex  
  161. SSLRandomSeed startup builtin  
  162. SSLRandomSeed connect builtin  
  163. </IfModule> 
  164.  
  165. #Vhosts  
  166. NameVirtualHost 127.0.0.1:81  
  167.  
  168. <VirtualHost 127.0.0.1:81> 
  169.     ServerAdmin king_819@163.com  
  170.     DocumentRoot /data/www/kerry  
  171.     ServerName www.kerry.com  
  172.     ErrorLog logs/kerry-error_log  
  173.     CustomLog "|/usr/local/apache/bin/rotatelogs /data/logs/kerry/%y_%m_%d.access_log 86400" common  
  174. </VirtualHost> 
  175. <VirtualHost 127.0.0.1:81> 
  176.     ServerAdmin king_819@163.com  
  177.     DocumentRoot /data/www/king  
  178.     ServerName www.king.com  
  179.     ErrorLog logs/king-error_log  
  180.     CustomLog "|/usr/local/apache/bin/rotatelogs /data/logs/king/%y_%m_%d.access_log 86400" common  
  181. </VirtualHost> 
  182.  

chmod 700 /etc/init.d/httpd
/etc/init.d/httpd start
/sbin/chkconfig --add httpd
/sbin/chkconfig --level 2345 httpd on

#-------------------------------------  编译安装PHP -------------------------------------
#编译安装相关支持库
cd /opt
tar -zxvf libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.13.1/
./configure
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -jxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.bz2
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure
make;make install
/sbin/ldconfig

cd libltdl/
./configure --enable-ltdl-install
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -jxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.bz2
cd mhash-0.9.9.9/
./configure
make;make install
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1

cd /opt
tar -zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
/sbin/ldconfig
./configure
make;make install

#编译php,这里我们为php打入补丁.有助于防止邮件发送被滥用(多用户)以及在邮件中提供有价值的信息.补丁介绍信息请点击:http://www.lancs.ac.uk/~steveb/patches/php-mail-header-patch/

cd /opt
tar -jxvf php-5.2.17.tar.gz
patch -d php-5.2.17 -p1 < php5-mail-header.patch
cd php-5.2.17
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php \
--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc \
--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs \
--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql \
--with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config \
--with-iconv-dir=/usr/local \
--with-freetype-dir \
--with-jpeg-dir \
--with-png-dir \
--with-zlib \
--with-libxml-dir=/usr \
--enable-xml \
--disable-rpath \
--enable-discard-path \
--enable-safe-mode \
--enable-bcmath \
--enable-shmop \
--enable-sysvsem \
--enable-inline-optimization \
--with-curl \
--with-curlwrappers \
--enable-mbregex \
--enable-force-cgi-redirect \
--enable-mbstring \
--with-mcrypt \
--with-gd \
--enable-gd-native-ttf \
--with-openssl \
--with-mhash \
--enable-pcntl \
--enable-sockets \
--with-ldap \
--with-ldap-sasl \
--with-xmlrpc \
-enable-zip \
--enable-soap

make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

#安装php扩展模块
cd /opt
tar -zxvf memcache-2.2.6.tgz
cd memcache-2.2.6/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --with-zlib-dir --enable-memcache
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -jxvf eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2
cd eaccelerator-0.9.6.1/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --enable-eaccelerator=shared --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -jxvf ImageMagick.tar.bz2
cd ImageMagick-6.6.9-8
./configure
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -zxf imagick-3.0.1.tgz
cd imagick-3.0.1/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -zxf suhosin-0.9.32.1.tgz
cd suhosin-0.9.32.1
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -jxf ioncube_loaders_lin_x86.tar.bz2
cd ioncube
mkdir /usr/local/ioncube
mv ioncube_loader_lin_5.2.so /usr/local/ioncube/

cd /opt
tar -zxf ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-i386.tar.gz
mkdir -p /usr/local/Zend/lib/Optimizer-3.3.9/php-5.2.17
cp ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-i386/data/5_2_x_comp/ZendOptimizer.so /usr/local/Zend/lib/Optimizer-3.3.9/php-5.2.17/ZendOptimizer.so

#修改php.ini.
sed -i 's#extension_dir = "./"#extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/"\nextension = "memcache.so"\nextension = "pdo_mysql.so"\nextension = "suhosin.so"\nextension = "imagick.so"\n#' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i 's#output_buffering = Off#output_buffering = On#' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i "s#; always_populate_raw_post_data = On#always_populate_raw_post_data = On#g" /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i "s#; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0#cgi.fix_pathinfo=0#g" /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

#配置eAccelerator加速PHP
mkdir -p /data/eaccelerator_cache
chmod -R 777 /data/eaccelerator_cache
cat >>/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini<<EOF
[eaccelerator]
zend_extension = "/usr/local/ioncube/ioncube_loader_lin_5.2.so"
zend_extension = "/usr/local/Zend/lib/Optimizer-3.3.9/php-5.2.17/ZendOptimizer.so"
zend_extension="/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/eaccelerator.so"
eaccelerator.shm_size="64"
eaccelerator.cache_dir="/data/eaccelerator_cache"
eaccelerator.enable="1"
eaccelerator.optimizer="1"
eaccelerator.check_mtime="1"
eaccelerator.debug="0"
eaccelerator.filter=""
eaccelerator.shm_max="0"
eaccelerator.shm_ttl="3600"
eaccelerator.shm_prune_period="3600"
eaccelerator.shm_only="0"
eaccelerator.compress="1"
eaccelerator.compress_level="9"
eaccelerator.keys = shm
eaccelerator.sessions = shm
eaccelerator.content = shm
EOF

#安装Memcached(可选)
cd /opt
tar -xzf libevent-2.0.11-stable.tar.gz
cd libevent-2.0.11-stable
./configure
make;make install
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libevent-1.4.so.2 /usr/lib

cd /opt
tar -xzf memcached-1.4.5.tar.gz
cd memcached-1.4.5
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/memcached --with-libevent=/usr
make;make install

#基本使用方法:
启动:
/usr/local/memcached/bin/memcached -d -m 64 -p 11211 -u www -l localhost
关闭:
killall -9 memcached

#---------------------------------- 安装配置nginx ----------------------------------------
#安装pcre
/opt
tar -jxvf pcre-8.12.tar.gz
cd pcre-8.12/
./configure
make;make install

#安装nginx
cd /opt
tar -zxvf nginx-1.0.4.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.0.4/
./configure --user=www --group=www --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-google_perftools_module
make;make install
cd ../

#添加nginx启动脚本
vi /etc/init.d/nginx

  1. #! /bin/sh  
  2. ulimit -n 65535  
  3. # Description: Startup script for nginx  
  4. # chkconfig: 2345 55 25  
  5.  
  6. PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin  
  7. DESC="nginx daemon" 
  8. NAME=nginx 
  9. DAEMON=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/$NAME  
  10. CONFIGFILE=/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf  
  11. PIDFILE=/usr/local/nginx/logs/$NAME.pid  
  12. SCRIPTNAME=/etc/init.d/$NAME  
  13.  
  14. set -e  
  15. [ -x "$DAEMON" ] || exit 0  
  16.  
  17. do_start() {  
  18.  $DAEMON -c $CONFIGFILE || echo -n "nginx already running"  
  19. }  
  20.  
  21. do_stop() {  
  22.  kill -QUIT `cat $PIDFILE` || echo -n "nginx not running"  
  23. }  
  24.  
  25. do_reload() {  
  26.  kill -HUP `cat $PIDFILE` || echo -n "nginx can't reload"  
  27. }  
  28.  
  29. case "$1" in  
  30.  start)  
  31.  echo -n "Starting $DESC: $NAME"  
  32.  do_start  
  33.  echo "."  
  34.  /etc/init.d/httpd start  
  35.  ;;  
  36.  stop)  
  37.  echo -n "Stopping $DESC: $NAME"  
  38.  do_stop  
  39.  echo "."  
  40.  /etc/init.d/httpd stop  
  41.  ;;  
  42.  reload)  
  43.  echo -n "Reloading $DESC configuration..."  
  44.  do_reload  
  45.  echo "."  
  46.  /etc/init.d/httpd restart  
  47.  ;;  
  48.  restart)  
  49.  echo -n "Restarting $DESC: $NAME"  
  50.  do_stop  
  51.  sleep 1  
  52.  do_start  
  53.  echo "."  
  54.  /etc/init.d/httpd restart  
  55.  ;;  
  56.  *)  
  57.  echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|reload|restart}" >&2  
  58.  exit 3  
  59.  ;;  
  60. esac  
  61.  
  62. exit 0  
  63.  

#添加nginx配置文件
mv /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf.bak
vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

  1. user  www www;     
  2. worker_processes 8;   
  3. error_log  /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx_error.log  crit;   
  4. pid        /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid;   
  5. #使用Tcmalloc优化nginx性能  
  6. google_perftools_profiles /var/tmp/tcmalloc;  
  7. #Specifies the value for maximum file descriptors that can be opened by this process.   
  8. worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;   
  9. #工作模式及连接数上限   
  10. events   
  11. {    
  12.     use epoll;    
  13.     worker_connections 65535;   
  14. }   
  15. #设定http服务器,利用它的反向代理功能提供负载均衡支持   
  16. http   
  17. {     
  18.   #设定mime类型     
  19.   include       mime.types;     
  20.   default_type  application/octet-stream;       
  21.   #charset  gb2312;    
  22.   #设定请求缓冲        
  23.   server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;     
  24.   client_header_buffer_size 32k;    
  25.   large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;    
  26.   client_max_body_size 30m;   
  27.   sendfile on;    
  28.   tcp_nopush     on;     
  29.   keepalive_timeout 60;   
  30.   tcp_nodelay on;   
  31.   server_tokens off;  
  32.   client_body_buffer_size 512k;   
  33.   proxy_connect_timeout   5;   
  34.   proxy_send_timeout      60;   
  35.   proxy_read_timeout      5;   
  36.   proxy_buffer_size       16k;   
  37.   proxy_buffers           4 64k;   
  38.   proxy_busy_buffers_size 128k;   
  39.   proxy_temp_file_write_size 128k;   
  40.   #  fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;   
  41.   #  fastcgi_send_timeout 300;   
  42.   #  fastcgi_read_timeout 300;   
  43.   #  fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;   
  44.   #  fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;   
  45.   #  fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;   
  46.   #  fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;     
  47.   gzip on;   
  48.   gzip_min_length  1k;   
  49.   gzip_buffers     4 16k;   
  50.   gzip_http_version 1.1;   
  51.   gzip_comp_level 2;   
  52.   gzip_types       text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;   
  53.   gzip_vary on;   
  54.     
  55.   #limit_zone  crawler  $binary_remote_addr  10m;   
  56.  
  57.   ###禁止通过ip访问站点    
  58.    server{           
  59.     server_name _;           
  60.     return 404;           
  61.   }    
  62.   server  
  63.   {       
  64.     listen       80;      
  65.     server_name  www.kerry.com;      
  66.     index index.html index.htm index.php;#设定访问的默认首页地址       
  67.     root  /data/www/kerry;#设定网站的资源存放路径        
  68.     #limit_conn   crawler  20;    
  69.     if (-d $request_filename)  
  70.     {  
  71.         rewrite ^/(.*)([^/])$ http://$host/$1$2/ permanent;  
  72.     }  
  73.     #所有php的页面均交由apache处理  
  74.     location ~ \.(php)?$ {  
  75.         proxy_set_header  Host $host;    
  76.         proxy_set_header  X-Real-IP  $remote_addr;  
  77.         proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;  
  78.         proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:81;#转向apache处理         
  79.     }              
  80.     location ~ .*\.(htm|html|gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ioc|rar|zip|txt|flv|mid|doc|ppt|pdf|xls|mp3|wma)$ #设定访问静态文件直接读取不经过apache       
  81.     {         
  82.         expires      30d;       
  83.     }        
  84.     location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$       
  85.     {         
  86.         expires      1h;       
  87.     }        
  88.    
  89.     #定义访问日志的写入格式        
  90.     log_format  wwwlog  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '                
  91.         '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '               
  92.         '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';      
  93.     access_log  /data/logs/kerry/kerry_nginx.log wwwlog;#设定访问日志的存放路径    
  94.    }   
  95.   server  
  96.   {       
  97.     listen       80;      
  98.     server_name  www.king.com;      
  99.     index index.html index.htm index.php;#设定访问的默认首页地址       
  100.     root  /data/www/king;#设定网站的资源存放路径        
  101.     #limit_conn   crawler  20;    
  102.     if (-d $request_filename)  
  103.     {  
  104.         rewrite ^/(.*)([^/])$ http://$host/$1$2/ permanent;  
  105.     }  
  106.     #所有php的页面均交由apache处理  
  107.     location ~ \.(php)?$ {         
  108.         proxy_set_header  Host $host;    
  109.                 proxy_set_header  X-Real-IP  $remote_addr;  
  110.         proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;  
  111.         proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:81;#转向apache处理         
  112.     }              
  113.     location ~ .*\.(htm|html|gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ioc|rar|zip|txt|flv|mid|doc|ppt|pdf|xls|mp3|wma)$ #设定访问静态文件直接读取不经过apache       
  114.     {         
  115.         expires      30d;       
  116.     }        
  117.     location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$       
  118.     {         
  119.         expires      1h;       
  120.     }        
  121.    
  122.     #定义访问日志的写入格式        
  123.     log_format  bbslog  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '                
  124.         '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '               
  125.         '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';      
  126.     access_log  /data/logs/king/king_nginx.log bbslog;#设定访问日志的存放路径    
  127.    }   
  128.    server  
  129.    {  
  130.     listen  80;  
  131.     server_name  status.www.kerry.com;  
  132.     location / {  
  133.     stub_status on;  
  134.     access_log   off;  
  135.     }  
  136.    }  
  137. }  

#将nginx添加到启动服务中
chmod 700 /etc/init.d/nginx
/etc/init.d/nginx start
/sbin/chkconfig --add nginx
/sbin/chkconfig --level 2345 nginx on

#每天定时切割Nginx日志
vi /usr/local/nginx/sbin/cut_nginx_log.sh

  1. #!/bin/bash  
  2. # This script run at 00:00  
  3. # The Nginx logs path  
  4. logs_path_kerry="/data/logs/kerry/" 
  5. logs_path_kerry="/data/logs/king/" 
  6. mv ${logs_path_kerry}kerry_nginx.log ${logs_path_kerry}$kerry_nginx_$(date -d "yesterday" +"%Y%m%d").log  
  7. mv ${logs_path_king}king_nginx.log ${logs_path_king}king_nginx_$(date -d "yesterday" +"%Y%m%d").log  
  8. kill -USR1 `cat /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid` 

chmod +x /usr/local/nginx/sbin/cut_nginx_log.sh
#添加计划任务,每天凌晨00:00切割nginx访问日志
crontab -e
00 00 * * * /bin/bash  /usr/local/nginx/sbin/cut_nginx_log.sh

#为apache安装rpaf模块,该模块用于apache做后端时获取访客真实的IP
#使用apxs安装模块.这里要使用此前apache编译安装后的apxs
cd /opt
tar -zxf mod_rpaf-0.6.tar.gz
cd mod_rpaf-0.6
/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs -i -c -n mod_rpaf-2.0.so mod_rpaf-2.0.c

#编辑/usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf,添加模块参数,查找LoadModule php5_module modules/libphp5.so,在下方添加:

LoadModule rpaf_module modules/mod_rpaf-2.0.so
#Mod_rpaf settings
RPAFenable On
#上面出现的192.168.9.9请修改为你本机所监听web服务的ip.多个IP用空格空开
RPAFproxy_ips 127.0.0.1 192.168.9.9
RPAFsethostname On
RPAFheader X-Forwarded-For