一、背景

对登录一个系统,快速查看其系统信息,检查系统各项指标及参数,编写系统快速检查脚本,输出系统信息到脚本运行的logs目录下。

二、脚本

git地址

#!/bin/bash
# auth:kaliarch
# func:sys info check
# version:v1.0
# sys:centos6.x/7.x

[ $(id -u) -gt 0 ] && echo "请用root用户执行此脚本!" && exit 1
sysversion=$(rpm -q centos-release|cut -d- -f3)
line="-------------------------------------------------"

[ -d logs ] || mkdir logs

sys_check_file="logs/$(ip a show dev eth0|grep -w inet|awk '{print $2}'|awk -F '/' '{print $1}')-`date +%Y%m%d`.txt"

# 获取系统cpu信息
function get_cpu_info() {
    Physical_CPUs=$(grep "physical id" /proc/cpuinfo| sort | uniq | wc -l)
    Virt_CPUs=$(grep "processor" /proc/cpuinfo | wc -l)
    CPU_Kernels=$(grep "cores" /proc/cpuinfo|uniq| awk -F ': ' '{print $2}')
    CPU_Type=$(grep "model name" /proc/cpuinfo | awk -F ': ' '{print $2}' | sort | uniq)
    CPU_Arch=$(uname -m)
cat <<EOF | column -t 
CPU信息:

物理CPU个数: $Physical_CPUs
逻辑CPU个数: $Virt_CPUs
每CPU核心数: $CPU_Kernels
CPU型号: $CPU_Type
CPU架构: $CPU_Arch
EOF
}

# 获取系统内存信息
function get_mem_info() {
    check_mem=$(free -m)
    MemTotal=$(grep MemTotal /proc/meminfo| awk '{print $2}')  #KB
    MemFree=$(grep MemFree /proc/meminfo| awk '{print $2}')    #KB
    let MemUsed=MemTotal-MemFree
    MemPercent=$(awk "BEGIN {if($MemTotal==0){printf 100}else{printf \"%.2f\",$MemUsed*100/$MemTotal}}")
    report_MemTotal="$((MemTotal/1024))""MB"        #内存总容量(MB)
    report_MemFree="$((MemFree/1024))""MB"          #内存剩余(MB)
    report_MemUsedPercent="$(awk "BEGIN {if($MemTotal==0){printf 100}else{printf \"%.2f\",$MemUsed*100/$MemTotal}}")""%"   #内存使用率%

cat <<EOF
内存信息:

${check_mem}
EOF
}

# 获取系统网络信息
function get_net_info() {
    pri_ipadd=$(ip a show dev eth0|grep -w inet|awk '{print $2}'|awk -F '/' '{print $1}')
    pub_ipadd=$(curl ifconfig.me -s)
    gateway=$(ip route | grep default | awk '{print $3}')
    mac_info=$(ip link| egrep -v "lo"|grep link|awk '{print $2}')
    dns_config=$(egrep -v "^$|^#" /etc/resolv.conf)
    route_info=$(route -n)
cat <<EOF | column -t 
IP信息:

系统公网地址: ${pub_ipadd}
系统私网地址: ${pri_ipadd}
网关地址: ${gateway}
MAC地址: ${mac_info}

路由信息:
${route_info}

DNS 信息:
${dns_config}
EOF
}

# 获取系统磁盘信息
function get_disk_info() {
    disk_info=$(fdisk -l|grep "Disk /dev"|cut -d, -f1)
    disk_use=$(df -hTP|awk '$2!="tmpfs"{print}')
    disk_inode=$(df -hiP|awk '$1!="tmpfs"{print}')

cat <<EOF
磁盘信息:

${disk_info}
磁盘使用:

${disk_use}
inode信息:

${disk_inode}
EOF

}

# 获取系统信息
function get_systatus_info() {
    sys_os=$(uname -o)
    sys_release=$(cat /etc/redhat-release)
    sys_kernel=$(uname -r)
    sys_hostname=$(hostname)
    sys_selinux=$(getenforce)
    sys_lang=$(echo $LANG)
    sys_lastreboot=$(who -b | awk '{print $3,$4}')
    sys_runtime=$(uptime |awk '{print  $3,$4}'|cut -d, -f1)
    sys_time=$(date)
    sys_load=$(uptime |cut -d: -f5)

cat <<EOF | column -t 
系统信息:

系统: ${sys_os}
发行版本:   ${sys_release}
系统内核:   ${sys_kernel}
主机名:    ${sys_hostname}
selinux状态:  ${sys_selinux}
系统语言:   ${sys_lang}
系统当前时间: ${sys_time}
系统最后重启时间:   ${sys_lastreboot}
系统运行时间: ${sys_runtime}
系统负载:   ${sys_load}
EOF
}

# 获取服务信息
function get_service_info() {
    port_listen=$(netstat -lntup|grep -v "Active Internet")
    kernel_config=$(sysctl -p 2>/dev/null)
    if [ ${sysversion} -gt 6 ];then
        service_config=$(systemctl list-unit-files --type=service --state=enabled|grep "enabled")
        run_service=$(systemctl list-units --type=service --state=running |grep ".service")
    else
        service_config=$(/sbin/chkconfig | grep -E ":on|:启用" |column -t)
        run_service=$(/sbin/service --status-all|grep -E "running")
    fi
cat <<EOF
服务启动配置:

${service_config}
${line}
运行的服务:

${run_service}
${line}
监听端口:

${port_listen}
${line}
内核参考配置:

${kernel_config}
EOF
}

function get_sys_user() {
    login_user=$(awk -F: '{if ($NF=="/bin/bash") print $0}' /etc/passwd)
    ssh_config=$(egrep -v "^#|^$" /etc/ssh/sshd_config)
    sudo_config=$(egrep -v "^#|^$" /etc/sudoers |grep -v "^Defaults")
    host_config=$(egrep -v "^#|^$" /etc/hosts)
    crond_config=$(for cronuser in /var/spool/cron/* ;do ls ${cronuser} 2>/dev/null|cut -d/ -f5;egrep -v "^$|^#" ${cronuser} 2>/dev/null;echo "";done)
cat <<EOF
系统登录用户:

${login_user}
${line}
ssh 配置信息:

${ssh_config}
${line}
sudo 配置用户:

${sudo_config}
${line}
定时任务配置:

${crond_config}
${line}
hosts 信息:

${host_config}
EOF
}

function process_top_info() {

    top_title=$(top -b n1|head -7|tail -1)
    cpu_top10=$(top b -n1 | head -17 | tail -10)
    mem_top10=$(top -b n1|head -17|tail -10|sort -k10 -r)

cat <<EOF
CPU占用top10:

${top_title}
${cpu_top10}

内存占用top10:

${top_title}
${mem_top10}
EOF
}

function sys_check() {
    get_cpu_info
    echo ${line}
    get_mem_info
    echo ${line}
    get_net_info
    echo ${line}
    get_disk_info
    echo ${line}
    get_systatus_info
    echo ${line}
    get_service_info
    echo ${line}
    get_sys_user
    echo ${line}
    process_top_info
}

sys_check > ${sys_check_file}

三、测试

Linux系统检查脚本
检查的信息如下

CPU信息:
物理CPU个数:  1
逻辑CPU个数:  2
每CPU核心数:  2
CPU型号:      QEMU    Virtual  CPU  version  2.3.0
CPU架构:      x86_64
-------------------------------------------------
内存信息:

              total        used        free      shared  buff/cache   available
Mem:           1839         117        1292           8         428        1526
Swap:          2047           0        2047
-------------------------------------------------
IP信息:
系统公网地址:  103.21.119.220
系统私网地址:  10.234.1.160
网关地址:      10.234.1.254
MAC地址:       fa:de:19:ea:54:00
路由信息:
Kernel         IP                 routing        table
Destination    Gateway            Genmask        Flags  Metric  Ref  Use  Iface
0.0.0.0        10.234.1.254       0.0.0.0        UG     100     0    0    eth0
10.234.1.0     0.0.0.0            255.255.255.0  U      100     0    0    eth0
DNS            信息:
nameserver     114.114.114.114
-------------------------------------------------
磁盘信息:

Disk /dev/vda: 21.5 GB
Disk /dev/mapper/cl-root: 18.2 GB
Disk /dev/mapper/cl-swap: 2147 MB
磁盘使用:

Filesystem          Type      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/cl-root xfs        17G  1.2G   16G   7% /
devtmpfs            devtmpfs  910M     0  910M   0% /dev
/dev/vda1           xfs      1014M  138M  877M  14% /boot
inode信息:

Filesystem          Inodes IUsed IFree IUse% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/cl-root   8.5M   32K  8.5M    1% /
devtmpfs              228K   403  227K    1% /dev
/dev/vda1             512K   330  512K    1% /boot
-------------------------------------------------
系统信息:
系统:              GNU/Linux
发行版本:          CentOS                 Linux  release  7.3.1611  (Core)
系统内核:          3.10.0-514.el7.x86_64
主机名:            10-234-1-160
selinux状态:       Permissive
系统语言:          en_US.UTF-8
系统当前时间:      Wed                    Oct    24       10:30:59  CST     2018
系统最后重启时间:  2018-10-23             12:07
系统运行时间:      22:23
系统负载:          0.00,                  0.01,  0.05
-------------------------------------------------
服务启动配置:

auditd.service                              enabled
autovt@.service                             enabled
crond.service                               enabled
dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service   enabled
dbus-org.freedesktop.NetworkManager.service enabled
dbus-org.freedesktop.nm-dispatcher.service  enabled
firewalld.service                           enabled
getty@.service                              enabled
irqbalance.service                          enabled
kdump.service                               enabled
lvm2-monitor.service                        enabled
microcode.service                           enabled
NetworkManager-dispatcher.service           enabled
NetworkManager.service                      enabled
postfix.service                             enabled
qemu-guest-agent.service                    enabled
rsyslog.service                             enabled
sshd.service                                enabled
systemd-readahead-collect.service           enabled
systemd-readahead-drop.service              enabled
systemd-readahead-replay.service            enabled
tuned.service                               enabled
-------------------------------------------------
运行的服务:

auditd.service           loaded active running Security Auditing Service
crond.service            loaded active running Command Scheduler
dbus.service             loaded active running D-Bus System Message Bus
firewalld.service        loaded active running firewalld - dynamic firewall daemon
getty@tty1.service       loaded active running Getty on tty1
irqbalance.service       loaded active running irqbalance daemon
lvm2-lvmetad.service     loaded active running LVM2 metadata daemon
NetworkManager.service   loaded active running Network Manager
polkit.service           loaded active running Authorization Manager
postfix.service          loaded active running Postfix Mail Transport Agent
qemu-guest-agent.service loaded active running QEMU Guest Agent
rsyslog.service          loaded active running System Logging Service
sshd.service             loaded active running OpenSSH server daemon
systemd-journald.service loaded active running Journal Service
systemd-logind.service   loaded active running Login Service
systemd-udevd.service    loaded active running udev Kernel Device Manager
tuned.service            loaded active running Dynamic System Tuning Daemon
-------------------------------------------------
监听端口:

Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State       PID/Program name    
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:22              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      1217/sshd           
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:25            0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      1998/master         
tcp6       0      0 :::22                   :::*                    LISTEN      1217/sshd           
tcp6       0      0 ::1:25                  :::*                    LISTEN      1998/master         
udp        0      0 0.0.0.0:8900            0.0.0.0:*                           739/dhclient        
udp        0      0 0.0.0.0:68              0.0.0.0:*                           739/dhclient        
udp6       0      0 :::60097                :::*                                739/dhclient        
-------------------------------------------------
内核参考配置:

kernel.msgmnb = 65536
kernel.msgmax = 65536
kernel.shmmax = 68719476736
kernel.shmall = 4294967296
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 1200
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65535
net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6 = 1
-------------------------------------------------
系统登录用户:

root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash
-------------------------------------------------
ssh 配置信息:

HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ecdsa_key
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ed25519_key
SyslogFacility AUTHPRIV
AuthorizedKeysFile  .ssh/authorized_keys
PasswordAuthentication yes
ChallengeResponseAuthentication no
GSSAPIAuthentication yes
GSSAPICleanupCredentials no
UsePAM yes
X11Forwarding yes
UsePrivilegeSeparation sandbox      # Default for new installations.
AcceptEnv LANG LC_CTYPE LC_NUMERIC LC_TIME LC_COLLATE LC_MONETARY LC_MESSAGES
AcceptEnv LC_PAPER LC_NAME LC_ADDRESS LC_TELEPHONE LC_MEASUREMENT
AcceptEnv LC_IDENTIFICATION LC_ALL LANGUAGE
AcceptEnv XMODIFIERS
Subsystem   sftp    /usr/libexec/openssh/sftp-server
-------------------------------------------------
sudo 配置用户:

root    ALL=(ALL)   ALL
%wheel  ALL=(ALL)   ALL
-------------------------------------------------
定时任务配置:

root
1 1  * * * /bin/bash /usr/scripts/IP_iptables.sh
1 1  * * 0 /usr/sbin/ntpdate time1.aliyun.com
30 8 * * 1 /bin/bash /data/blsexcle/rds_bak.sh
-------------------------------------------------
hosts 信息:

127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
10.234.1.150    10-234-1-150
-------------------------------------------------
CPU占用top10:

  PID USER      PR  NI    VIRT    RES    SHR S  %CPU %MEM     TIME+ COMMAND
    1 root      20   0  128092   6644   3888 S   0.0  0.4   0:05.30 systemd
    2 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.04 kthreadd
    3 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.01 ksoftirqd/0
    6 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.37 kworker/u4:0
    7 root      rt   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.02 migration/0
    8 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.00 rcu_bh
    9 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:01.97 rcu_sched
   10 root      rt   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.57 watchdog/0
   11 root      rt   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.45 watchdog/1
   12 root      rt   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.03 migration/1

内存占用top10:

  PID USER      PR  NI    VIRT    RES    SHR S  %CPU %MEM     TIME+ COMMAND
    1 root      20   0  128092   6644   3888 S   0.0  0.4   0:05.30 systemd
    9 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:01.97 rcu_sched
   10 root      rt   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.57 watchdog/0
   11 root      rt   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.45 watchdog/1
    6 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.37 kworker/u4:0
    2 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.04 kthreadd
   12 root      rt   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.03 migration/1
    7 root      rt   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.02 migration/0
    3 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.01 ksoftirqd/0
    8 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0.0  0.0   0:00.00 rcu_bh