# 立即重新启动计算机
echo "b" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
 
# 立即关闭计算机
echo "o" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
 
# 导出内存分配的信息 (可以用/var/log/message 查看)
echo "m" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
 
# 导出当前CPU寄存器信息和标志位的信息
echo "p" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
 
# 导出线程状态信息
echo "t" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
 
# 故意让系统崩溃
echo "c" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
 
# 立即重新挂载所有的文件系统 
echo "s" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
 
# 立即重新挂载所有的文件系统为只读
echo "u" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
 
Documentation for sysrq.c
 
Based on kernel version 2.6.38. Page generated on 2011-03-22 22:20 EST.
 
1       Linux Magic System Request Key Hacks
2       Documentation for sysrq.c
3      
4       * What is the magic SysRq key?
5       ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
6       It is a 'magical' key combo you can hit which the kernel will respond to
7       regardless of whatever else it is doing, unless it is completely locked up.
8      
9       * How do I enable the magic SysRq key?
10     ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
11     You need to say "yes" to 'Magic SysRq key (CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ)' when
12     configuring the kernel. When running a kernel with SysRq compiled in,
13     /proc/sys/kernel/sysrq controls the functions allowed to be invoked via
14     the SysRq key. By default the file contains 1 which means that every
15     possible SysRq request is allowed (in older versions SysRq was disabled
16     by default, and you were required to specifically enable it at run-time
17     but this is not the case any more). Here is the list of possible values
18     in /proc/sys/kernel/sysrq:
19        0 - disable sysrq completely
20        1 - enable all functions of sysrq
21      >1 - bitmask of allowed sysrq functions (see below for detailed function
22            description):
23               2 - enable control of console logging level
24               4 - enable control of keyboard (SAK, unraw)
25               8 - enable debugging dumps of processes etc.
26              16 - enable sync command
27              32 - enable remount read-only
28              64 - enable signalling of processes (term, kill, oom-kill)
29             128 - allow reboot/poweroff
30             256 - allow nicing of all RT tasks
31    
32     You can set the value in the file by the following command:
33         echo "number" >/proc/sys/kernel/sysrq
34    
35     Note that the value of /proc/sys/kernel/sysrq influences only the invocation
36     via a keyboard. Invocation of any operation via /proc/sysrq-trigger is always
37     allowed (by a user with admin privileges).
38    
39     * How do I use the magic SysRq key?
40     ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
41     On x86   - You press the key combo 'ALT-SysRq-<command key>'. Note - Some
42                keyboards may not have a key labeled 'SysRq'. The 'SysRq' key is
43                also known as the 'Print Screen' key. Also some keyboards cannot
44                 handle so many keys being pressed at the same time, so you might
45                 have better luck with "press Alt", "press SysRq", "release SysRq",
46                 "press <command key>", release everything.
47    
48     On SPARC - You press 'ALT-STOP-<command key>', I believe.
49    
50     On the serial console (PC style standard serial ports only) -
51                You send a BREAK, then within 5 seconds a command key. Sending
52                BREAK twice is interpreted as a normal BREAK.
53    
54     On PowerPC - Press 'ALT - Print Screen (or F13) - <command key>, 
55                  Print Screen (or F13) - <command key> may suffice.
56    
57     On other - If you know of the key combos for other architectures, please
58                let me know so I can add them to this section.
59    
60     On all - write a character to /proc/sysrq-trigger. e.g.:
61    
62                       echo t > /proc/sysrq-trigger
63    
64     * What are the 'command' keys?
65     ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
66     'b'     - Will immediately reboot the system without syncing or unmounting
67               your disks.
68    
69     'c'     - Will perform a system crash by a NULL pointer dereference.
 
# 立即重新启动计算机
  echo "b" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
  # 立即关闭计算机
  echo "o" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
  # 导出内存分配的信息 (可以用/var/log/message 查看)
  echo "m" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
  # 导出当前CPU寄存器信息和标志位的信息
  echo "p" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
  # 导出线程状态信息
  echo "t" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
  # 故意让系统崩溃
  echo "c" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
  # 立即重新挂载所有的文件系统
  echo "s" > /proc/sysrq-trigger
  # 立即重新挂载所有的文件系统为只读
  echo "u" > /proc/sysrq-trigger

 
下面将sysrq.txt中的内容附加上一段,全部可以使用的command:

 
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 66 'b'     - Will immediately reboot the system without syncing or unmounting 67           your disks. 68  69 'c' - Will perform a system crash by a NULL pointer dereference. 70           A crashdump will be taken if configured. 71  72 'd' - Shows all locks that are held. 73  74 'e'     - Send a SIGTERM to all processes, except for init. 75  76 'f' - Will call oom_kill to kill a memory hog process. 77  78 'g' - Used by kgdb on ppc and sh platforms. 79  80 'h'     - Will display help (actually any other key than those listed 81           here will display help. but 'h' is easy to remember :-) 82  83 'i'     - Send a SIGKILL to all processes, except for init. 84  85 'j'     - Forcibly "Just thaw it" - filesystems frozen by the FIFREEZE ioctl. 86  87 'k'     - Secure Access Key (SAK) Kills all programs on the current virtual 88           console. NOTE: See important comments below in SAK section. 89  90 'l'     - Shows a stack backtrace for all active CPUs. 91  92 'm'     - Will dump current memory info to your console. 93  94 'n' - Used to make RT tasks nice-able 95  96 'o'     - Will shut your system off (if configured and supported). 97  98 'p'     - Will dump the current registers and flags to your console. 99  100 'q'     - Will dump per CPU lists of all armed hrtimers (but NOT regular 101           timer_list timers) and detailed information about all 102           clockevent devices. 103  104 'r'     - Turns off keyboard raw mode and sets it to XLATE. 105  106 's'     - Will attempt to sync all mounted filesystems. 107  108 't'     - Will dump a list of current tasks and their information to your 109           console. 110  111 'u'     - Will attempt to remount all mounted filesystems read-only. 112  113 'v' - Dumps Voyager SMP processor info to your console. 114  115 'w' - Dumps tasks that are in uninterruptable (blocked) state. 116  117 'x' - Used by xmon interface on ppc/powerpc platforms. 118  119 'z' - Dump the ftrace buffer 120  121 '0'-'9' - Sets the console log level, controlling which kernel messages 122           will be printed to your console. ('0', for example would make 123           it so that only emergency messages like PANICs or OOPSes would 124           make it to your console.) 125