转载于http://blog.csdn.net/wulantian/article/details/17161231,作为自己的学习笔记


公司提供的CentOS VM中,/etc/yum.repos.d 下 只有一个build.repo,其中提供的yum 源只有公司内部的几个源,很多包在这些源中都找不到。于是要添加别的源,下面的帖子中介绍了如何在CentOS中添加中科大、搜狐和163的yum源:http://www.husw.net/blog/post/1386/。摘录如下:

本文章介绍的yum源支持的版本是CentOS 6系列,理论上支持RHEL6系列。
更新方法如下:
先进入yum源配置目录

cd /etc/yum.repos.d


备份系统自带的yum源

mv CentOS-Base.repo CentOS-Base.repo.save



下载其他更快的yum源
中科大的yum源:

wget http://centos.ustc.edu.cn/CentOS-Base.repo



163的yum源:

wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS-Base-163.repo



sohu的yum源

wget http://mirrors.sohu.com/help/CentOS-Base-sohu.repo



更新完yum源后,建议更新一下,使操作立即生效

yum makecache

[yasi]:

在执行最后一步,即yum makecache的时候,遇到错误:

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror

Repository base is listed more than once in the configuration

Repository updates is listed more than once in the configuration

Repository extras is listed more than once in the configuration

Repository centosplus is listed more than once in the configuration

Repository contrib is listed more than once in the configuration

Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile

* addons: mirrors.163.com

* base: mirror.metrocast.net

* extras: mirror.beyondhosting.net

* fasttrack: centos.vipernetworksystems.com

* updates: centos.vipernetworksystems.com

http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/addons/x86_64/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] PYCURL ERROR 22 - "The requested URL returned error: 404"

Trying other mirror.

http://mirror.centos.org/centos/6/addons/x86_64/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] PYCURL ERROR 22 - "The requested URL returned error: 404"

Trying other mirror.

Error: Cannot retrieve repository metadata (repomd.xml) for repository: addons. Please verify its path and try again

原因是,http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/addons/x86_64/repodata/repomd.xmlhttp://mirror.centos.org/centos/6/addons/x86_64/repodata/repomd.xml 确实不存在,可能被更新掉了。解决办法是,找到可用的URL替换之,或者把相应的.repo文件中的项整个注释掉。这里我采用后者。

[root@wwn104 yum.repos.d]# vi CentOS-Media.repo

 把enabled=1  改成 enabled=0

然后再修改:你所有采用的源,例如我采用的是sohu 的,就修改sohu的:

[root@wwn104 yum.repos.d]# vi CentOS-Base-sohu.repo

在[addons] 下面添加:

enabled=0

然后,再执行yum makecache。之后,yum就可以找到我要安装的包了,比如gdb, subversion, gcc-c++ 等。

注意:

有时用yum list xxx找不到某个包,可用尝试用yum search xxx

如,yum list vim 就报告 Error: No matching Packages to list。而 yum search vim 则返回:

vim-X11.x86_64 : The VIM version of the vi editor for the X Window System

vim-common.x86_64 : The common files needed by any version of the VIM editor

vim-enhanced.x86_64 : A version of the VIM editor which includes recent enhancements

vim-minimal.x86_64 : A minimal version of the VIM editor