一、系统约定
软件源代码包存放位置
/usr/local/src
源码包编译安装位置(prefix)
/usr/local/software_name
脚本以及维护程序存放位
/usr/local/sbin
MySQL 数据库位置
/var/lib/mysql(可按情况设置)
Nginx 网站根目录
/home/www/wwwroot(可按情况设置)
Nginx 虚拟主机日志根目录
/home/www/logs(可按情况设置)
Nginx 运行账户
www:www
二、系统环境初始化
1. 检查系统是否正常
# more /var/log/messages(检查有无系统级错误信息)
# dmesg (检查硬件设备是否有错误信息)
# cat /proc/cpuinfo (检查CPU频率是否正常)
# top (按1检测CPU核数是否正常,内存大小是否正常)
# ifconfig(检查网卡设置是否正确)
# ping www.163.com(检查网络是否正常)
2. 关闭不需要的服务
# ntsysv
以下仅列出需要启动的服务
atd
crond
irqbalance
microcode_ctl
network
sendmail
sshd
syslog
关闭SElinux:修改/etc/selinux/config文件中的SELINUX= 为 disabled
3.更换快速源
# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
# mv CentOS-Base.repo CentOS-Base.repo.old
# wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS5-Base-163.repo
# mv CentOS5-Base-163.repo CentOS-Base.repo
# yum update
4. 使用 yum 程序安装所需开发包(以下为标准的 RPM 包名称)
# yum -y install ntp make openssl openssl-devel pcre pcre-devel libpng libpng-devel libjpeg-6b libjpeg-devel-6b freetype freetype-devel gd gd-devel zlib zlib-devel gcc gcc-c++ libXpm libXpm-devel ncurses ncurses-devel libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel imake autoconf automake screen sysstat compat-libstdc++-33 curl curl-devel
5. 定时校正服务器时钟,定时与中国国家授时中心授时服务器同步
# crontab -e
加入一行:
*/30 * * * * ntpdate 210.72.145.44 > /dev/null 2>&1
6. 下载程序包
请到各程序官方网站下载最新的稳定版本存放到/usr/local/src/目录
/usr/local/src目录下执行
wget http://c.sihost.net/lnmp_tools.list
wget -i lnmp_tools.list
7. 创建web运行用户
# groupadd www
# useradd -g www www
# mkdir -p /home/www/wwwroot
# chmod +w /home/www/wwwroot
# chown www:www /home/www/wwwroot -R
8. 重新启动
# init 6
三、编译安装环境
1. 安装MySQL
# cd /usr/local/src
# tar zxvf mysql-5.0.86-linux-i686-icc-glibc23.tar.gz
# mv mysql-5.0.86-linux-i686-icc-glibc23 /usr/local/
# ln -s /usr/local/mysql-5.0.86-linux-i686-icc-glibc23/ /usr/local/mysql
# groupadd mysql
# useradd -g mysql mysql -d /home/mysql -s /sbin/nologin
# chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql
# chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql-5.0.86-linux-i686-icc-glibc23/
# cd /usr/local/mysql
# ./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
# cp ./support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
# chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
# chkconfig --add mysqld
# chkconfig --level 3 mysqld on
# cp ./support-files/my-huge.cnf /etc/my.cnf
# mv /usr/local/mysql/data /var/lib/mysql
# chown -R mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysql
编辑/etc/my.cnf
[mysqld] 段增加
datadir = /var/lib/mysql
skip-innodb
wait-timeout = 10
max_connections = 512
max_connect_errors = 10000000
[mysqld] 段修改
max_allowed_packet = 16M
thread_cache_size = CPU个数*2
log-bin 注释
service mysqld start
# bin/mysqladmin -u root password password    #后一个密码
2. 编译安装Nginx
# cd /usr/local/src/
# tar zxvf nginx-0.7.65.tar.gz
# cd nginx-0.7.65
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --conf-path=/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf --with-http_realip_module --with-http_addition_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_random_index_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_dav_module
 
# make
 
# make install clean
 
# cp /usr/local/src/nginx /etc/init.d/nginx
 
# chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nginx
 
# chkconfig --add nginx
 
# chkconfig nginx on
 
 
3. 编译安装PHP 所需的支持库
 
 
Libiconv
 
 
# cd /usr/local/src/
 
# tar zxvf libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
 
# cd libiconv-1.13.1/
 
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local
 
# make
 
# make install
 
# cd ..
 
 
Libmcrypt
 
 
# tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
 
# cd libmcrypt-2.5.8
 
# ./configure
 
# make
 
# make install
 
# /sbin/ldconfig
 
# cd libltdl/
 
# ./configure --enable-ltdl-install
 
# make
 
# make install
 
# cd /usr/local/src/
 
 
Mhash
 
 
# tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
 
# cd mhash-0.9.9.9/
 
# ./configure
 
# make
 
# make install
 
# cd ..
 
# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
 
$ ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
 
$ ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
 
$ ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
 
# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a
 
# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la
 
# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so
 
# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
 
# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1
 
$ ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config
 
# tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
 
# cd mcrypt-2.6.8
 
# /sbin/ldconfig
 
# ./configure
 
# make
 
# make install
 
 
4. 编译安装PHP
 
 
# cd /usr/local/src
 
# tar zxvf php-5.2.13.tar.gz
 
# gzip -cd php-5.2.13-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.13 -p1
 
# cd php-5.2.13
 
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/etc/cgi --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-iconv-dir=/usr/local --with-freetype-dir=/usr --with-jpeg-dir=/usr --with-png-dir=/usr --with-zlib --with-libxml-dir=/usr --with-xmlrpc --enable-xml --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --with-gd --enable-magic-quotes --with-pear --enable-sockets --with-ttf --enable-gd-native-ttf --enable-sysvsem --enable-sysvshm --enable-shmop --enable-force-cgi-redirect --enable-fastcgi --enable-zip --enable-fpm --with-mhash --with-mcrypt --enable-discard-path --enable-bcmath --enable-inline-optimization --with-curl --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --with-openssl
 
# make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'
 
# make install
 
# mkdir -p /usr/local/etc/cgi/
 
# cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/etc/cgi/php.ini
 
# mv -f /usr/local/src/php-fpm.conf /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
 
# echo 'ulimit -SHn 65535' >> /etc/rc.local
 
# echo '/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start' >> /etc/rc.local
 
5. 安装PHP扩展模块(需要此功能的Discuz! X用户选装)
 
 
Memcache
 
 
# cd /usr/local/src
 
# tar zxvf memcache-2.2.5.tgz
 
# cd memcache-2.2.5/
 
# /usr/local/php/bin/phpize
 
# ./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
 
# make
 
# make install
 
 
修改php.ini文件,路径/usr/local/etc/cgi/
 
 
查找:extension_dir = "./"
 
 
修改成:extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/"
 
 
在此句下面一行
 
 
添加:extension = "memcache.so"
 
 
查找:output_buffering = Off
 
 
修改成:output_buffering = On
 
 
保存。
 
 
Memcached
 
 
# cd /usr/local/src
 
#tar zxvf libevent-1.4.13-stable.tar.gz
 
# cd libevent-1.4.13-stable
 
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/lib
 
# make
 
# make install
 
# cd ../
 
# tar zxvf memcached-1.4.5.tar.gz
 
# cd memcached-1.4.5
 
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local --with-libevent=/usr/lib/
 
# make
 
# make install
 
# /usr/local/bin/memcached -d -u www -m 128
 
-p <num>
 
监听的TCP端口(缺省: 11211)
 
-d
 
以守护进程方式运行 以守护进程方式运行 Memcached Memcached
 
-u <username>
 
运行运行 Memcached的账户 非root用户
 
-m <num>
 
最大的内存使用单位是MB 缺省是64MB
 
-c <num>
 
软连接数量缺省是1024
 
-v
 
输出警告和错误信息
 
-vv
 
打印客户端的请求和返回信息
 
-h
打印帮助信息
-i
打印memcached和libevent的版权信息
 
 
6. 安装ZendOptimizer
 
 
# cd ..
 
# tar zxvf ZendOptimizer-3.3.3-linux-glibc23-i386.tar.gz
 
# cd ZendOptimizer-3.3.3-linux-glibc23-i386
 
# ./install
 
Please specify the location for installing
 
Zend Optimizer:
 
这里填写Zend的安装路径,按下面写即可
 
/usr/local/Zend
 
Confirm the location of your
 
php.ini file:
 
这里填写的是php.ini的路径,按下面写即可
 
/usr/local/etc/cgi
 
Are you using Apache Web server?
 
这里选No
 
 
7.启动Nginx和PHP
 
# mv -f /usr/local/src/fcgi.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/
 
# cp -f /usr/local/src/nginx.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
 
# ulimit -SHn 65535
 
# /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start(若不能启动 则
vi /usr/local/php/etc/php-frm.conf
Pid file
    <value name="pid_file">/usr/local/php5/logs/php-fpm.pid</value>
 
    Error log file
    <value name="error_log">/usr/local/php5/logs/php-fpm.log</value>
改为Pid file
    <value name="pid_file">/usr/local/php/logs/php-fpm.pid</value>
 
    Error log file
    <value name="error_log">/usr/local/php/logs/php-fpm.log</value>
 
 
# service nginx start
 
 
8.关于安全设置
 
查找/usr/local/etc/cgi/php.ini里的
 
 
; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0
 
 
把这句前的分号去掉,变成
 
 
cgi.fix_pathinfo=0
 
9。最后
cd /usr/local/nginx/conf
vi nginx.conf
修改server段下的root 为/home/www/wwwroot;