当前系统版本

[root@localhost ~]# uname -a

Linuxlocalhost.localdomain 2.6.32-358.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Tue Jan 29 11:47:41 EST 2013x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release

Red HatEnterprise Linux Server release 6.4 (Santiago)

关闭防火墙

[root@localhost ~]# service iptables stop

iptables:Flushing firewall rules:                        [  OK  ]

iptables:Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter         [  OK  ]

iptables:Unloading modules:                              [  OK  ]

启动时关闭防火墙

[root@localhost ~]# chkconfig iptables off

创建目录,挂载,安装.

[root@localhost ~]# mkdir /mnt/cdrom

[root@localhost ~]# mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom/

mount: block device /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only

[root@localhost ~]# cd /mnt/cdrom/Packages/

[root@localhost Packages]# ls httpd*

测试

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在创建APACHE会自动创建一个新的账户

 

[root@localhostPackages]# tail /etc/passwd

operator:x:11:0:operator:/root:/sbin/nologin

games:x:12:100:games:/usr/games:/sbin/nologin

gopher:x:13:30:gopher:/var/gopher:/sbin/nologin

ftp:x:14:50:FTP User:/var/ftp:/sbin/nologin

nobody:x:99:99:Nobody:/:/sbin/nologin

vcsa:x:69:69:virtual console memoryowner:/dev:/sbin/nologin

saslauth:x:499:76:"Saslauthduser":/var/empty/saslauth:/sbin/nologin

postfix:x:89:89::/var/spool/postfix:/sbin/nologin

sshd:x:74:74:Privilege-separatedSSH:/var/empty/sshd:/sbin/nologin

apache:x:48:48:Apache:/var/www:/sbin/nologin

Apache服务器安装与基本配置

 配置每个用户的WEB站点

1.启用配置每个用户的WEB站点

[root@localhost conf]# vi/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

<IfModule mod_userdir.c>

    #

    #UserDir is disabled by default since it can confirm the presence

    #of a username on the system (depending on home directory

    #permissions).

    #

    UserDir disabled root

 

    #

    #To enable requests to /~user/ to serve the user's public_html

    #directory, remove the "UserDir disabled" line above, and uncomment

    #the following line instead:

    #

    UserDir public_html

 

</IfModule>

 

#

# Control access to UserDirdirectories.  The following is an example

# for a site where these directories arerestricted to read-only.

#

<Directory/home/*/public_html>

    AllowOverride FileInfo AuthConfig Limit

    Options MultiViews Indexes SymLinksIfOwnerMatchIncludesNoExec

    <Limit GET POST OPTIONS>

        Order allow,deny

        Allow from all

    </Limit>

    <LimitExcept GET POST OPTIONS>

        Order deny,allow

        Deny from all

    </LimitExcept>

</Directory>

 

重启服务

[root@localhost conf]#service httpd restart

Stopping httpd:                                           [  OK  ]

Starting httpd:                                           [  OK  ]

创建用户

[root@localhost conf]#useradd alice

 

转换成ALICE用户

[root@localhostconf]# su - alice

创建目录,更改权限

[alice@localhost ~]$ cd

[alice@localhost ~]$mkdir public_html

[alice@localhost ~]$ ll-d /home/alice/

drwx------. 3 alice alice4096 Aug 21 04:27 /home/alice/

[alice@localhost ~]$chmod 711 /home/alice/

[alice@localhost ~]$ ll-d /home/alice/

drwx--x--x. 3 alice alice4096 Aug 21 04:27 /home/alice/

 

进入目录修改所创个人站点

[alice@localhostpublic_html]$ vi index.html

内容为Alice's Web Site

检测

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创建虚拟目录

 

[root@localhost ~]# mkdir/opt/bbs

[root@localhost ~]# ls-ld /opt/bbs

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Aug 21 05:31/opt/bbs

创建测试页

[root@localhost ~]# echo'BBS test page' > /opt/bbs/index.html

方法一:

[root@localhost ~]# ln -s/opt/bbs/ /var/www/html/bbs

[root@localhost ~]# ls -l/var/www/html/bbs

lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 Aug 21 05:33/var/www/html/bbs -> /opt/bbs/

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清除换方法

[root@localhost ~]# rm/var/www/html/bbs

 

rm: remove symbolic link`/var/www/html/bbs'? y

方法二:

[root@localhost ~]# vi/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

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清除

[root@localhost ~]# rm-rf /opt/bbs/

创建虚拟主机

配置域名解析和站点文件

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[root@localhost ~]# mkdir/opt/crm

[root@localhost ~]# echo'CRM test page' > /opt/crm/index.html

[root@localhost ~]# mkdir/opt/oa

[root@localhost ~]# echo'OA test page' > /opt/oa/index.html

[root@localhost ~]# cd/etc/httpd/

[root@localhost httpd]#ls

conf conf.d  logs  modules run

[root@localhost httpd]#mkdir vhost-conf.d

[root@localhost httpd]#echo "Include vhost-conf.d/*.conf" >> conf/httpd.conf

[root@localhost httpd]#

 

配置基于端口的虚拟主机

[root@localhost httpd]#vi /etc/httpd/vhost-conf.d/vhost-ip.conf

   Listen8001

Listen 8002

<VirtualHost *:8001>

   DocumentRoot /opt/crm/

</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:8002>

   DocumentRoot /opt/oa/

</VirtualHost>

[root@localhost httpd]#apachectl configtest

Syntax OK

[root@localhost httpd]#service httpd restart

Stopping httpd:                                            [  OK  ]

Startinghttpd:                                           [  OK  ]


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清除环境

[root@localhost crm]# rm-i /etc/httpd/vhost-conf.d/vhost-ip.conf

rm: remove regular file`/etc/httpd/vhost-conf.d/vhost-ip.conf'? y

[root@localhost crm]#

配置基于域名的虚拟机

[root@localhost crm]# vi/etc/httpd/vhost-conf.d/vhost-name.conf

NameVirtualHost *:80

<VirtualHost *:80>

   ServerName crm.abc.local

   DocumentRoot /opt/crm/

</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:80>

   ServerName oa.abc.local

   DocumentRoot /opt/oa/

</VirtualHost>

 

[root@localhost crm]#apachectl configtest

Syntax OK

[root@localhost crm]#service httpd restart

Stopping httpd:                                           [  OK  ]

Starting httpd:                                            [  OK  ]


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