服务器信息如下:

主机名称 IP 备注
node01 10.150.27.51 master and etcd
rode02 10.150.27.65 master and etcd
node03 10.150.27.66 node
VIP 10.150.27.99

软件版本:

docker17.03.2-ce
socat-1.7.3.2-2.el7.x86_64
kubelet-1.10.0-0.x86_64
kubernetes-cni-0.6.0-0.x86_64
kubectl-1.10.0-0.x86_64
kubeadm-1.10.0-0.x86_64

架构图

参考文档:https://github.com/cookeem/kubeadm-ha/blob/master/README_CN.md

1:环境初始化

1:分别在三台主机设置主机名称

hostnamectl set-hostname node01
hostnamectl set-hostname node02
hostnamectl set-hostname node03

2:配置主机映射

cat <<EOF > /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
## k8s
10.150.27.51 node01
10.150.27.65 node02
10.150.27.66 node03
EOF

3:node01上执行ssh免密码登陆配置

ssh-keygen  #一路回车即可
ssh-copy-id  node02
ssh-copy-id  node03

4:三台主机配置、停防火墙、关闭Swap、关闭Selinux、设置内核、K8S的yum源、安装依赖包、配置ntp(配置完后建议重启一次)


systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl disable firewalld

swapoff -a 
sed -i 's/.*swap.*/#&/' /etc/fstab

setenforce  0 
sed -i "s/^SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g" /etc/sysconfig/selinux 
sed -i "s/^SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g" /etc/selinux/config 
sed -i "s/^SELINUX=permissive/SELINUX=disabled/g" /etc/sysconfig/selinux 
sed -i "s/^SELINUX=permissive/SELINUX=disabled/g" /etc/selinux/config  

modprobe br_netfilter
cat <<EOF >  /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
EOF
sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf
ls /proc/sys/net/bridge

cat <<EOF > /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo
[kubernetes]
name=Kubernetes
baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/yum-key.gpg https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/rpm-package-key.gpg
EOF

yum install -y epel-release
yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2 net-tools conntrack-tools wget vim  ntpdate libseccomp libtool-ltdl 

systemctl enable ntpdate.service
echo '*/30 * * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate time7.aliyun.com >/dev/null 2>&1' > /tmp/crontab2.tmp
crontab /tmp/crontab2.tmp
systemctl start ntpdate.service

echo "* soft nofile 65536" >> /etc/security/limits.conf
echo "* hard nofile 65536" >> /etc/security/limits.conf
echo "* soft nproc 65536"  >> /etc/security/limits.conf
echo "* hard nproc 65536"  >> /etc/security/limits.conf
echo "* soft  memlock  unlimited"  >> /etc/security/limits.conf
echo "* hard memlock  unlimited"  >> /etc/security/limits.conf

2:安装、配置keepalived(主节点)

1:安装keepalived

yum install -y keepalived
systemctl enable keepalived

==node01的keepalived.conf==

cat <<EOF > /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf
global_defs {
   router_id LVS_k8s
}

#设置一个脚本来检测K8S API的运行状态,脚本执行间隔为3s。
vrrp_script CheckK8sMaster {
    script "curl -k https://10.150.27.99:6443"
    interval 3
    timeout 9
    fall 2
    rise 2
}

vrrp_instance VI_1 { ##集群的名称
    state MASTER  ##指定keepalived的角色
    interface eno16780032 ## VIP绑定的网卡位置
    virtual_router_id 61  ## VRID两台机器必须一致
    priority 100  ##优先级,数字越大,优先级越高
    advert_int 1  ##主备之间同步检查的时间间隔
    mcast_src_ip 10.150.27.51
    nopreempt ##不抢占模式
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass sqP05dQgMSlzrxHj  ##验证密码,主备保持一致
    }
    unicast_peer {
        10.150.27.65
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        10.150.27.99/24 ## VIP
    }
    track_script {
        CheckK8sMaster ##执行监控的服务
    }

}

==node02的keepalived.conf==

cat <<EOF > /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf
global_defs {
   router_id LVS_k8s
}

vrrp_script CheckK8sMaster {
    script "curl -k https://10.150.27.99:6443"
    interval 3
    timeout 9
    fall 2
    rise 2
}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state BACKUP
    interface eno16780032
    virtual_router_id 61
    priority 90
    advert_int 1
    mcast_src_ip 10.150.27.65
    nopreempt
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass sqP05dQgMSlzrxHj
    }
    unicast_peer {
        10.150.27.51
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        10.150.27.99/24
    }
    track_script {
        CheckK8sMaster
    }

}

2:启动keepalived

systemctl restart keepalived

可以看到VIP已经绑定到node01上面了

2: eno16780032: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:50:56:aa:5b:e8 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 10.150.27.51/24 brd 10.150.27.255 scope global eno16780032
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet 10.150.27.99/24 scope global secondary eno16780032
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

3:创建etcd证书(node01上执行即可)

1:设置cfssl环境

wget https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssl_linux-amd64
wget https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssljson_linux-amd64
wget https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssl-certinfo_linux-amd64
chmod +x cfssl_linux-amd64
mv cfssl_linux-amd64 /usr/local/bin/cfssl
chmod +x cfssljson_linux-amd64
mv cfssljson_linux-amd64 /usr/local/bin/cfssljson
chmod +x cfssl-certinfo_linux-amd64
mv cfssl-certinfo_linux-amd64 /usr/local/bin/cfssl-certinfo
export PATH=/usr/local/bin:$PATH

2:创建 CA 配置文件(下面配置的IP为etc节点的IP)

mkdir /root/ssl
cd /root/ssl
cat >  ca-config.json <<EOF
{
"signing": {
"default": {
  "expiry": "8760h"
},
"profiles": {
  "kubernetes-Soulmate": {
    "usages": [
        "signing",
        "key encipherment",
        "server auth",
        "client auth"
    ],
    "expiry": "8760h"
  }
}
}
}
EOF

cat >  ca-csr.json <<EOF
{
"CN": "kubernetes-Soulmate",
"key": {
"algo": "rsa",
"size": 2048
},
"names": [
{
  "C": "CN",
  "ST": "shanghai",
  "L": "shanghai",
  "O": "k8s",
  "OU": "System"
}
]
}
EOF

cfssl gencert -initca ca-csr.json | cfssljson -bare ca

cat > etcd-csr.json <<EOF
{
  "CN": "etcd",
  "hosts": [
    "127.0.0.1",
    "10.150.27.51",
    "10.150.27.65"
  ],
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "shanghai",
      "L": "shanghai",
      "O": "k8s",
      "OU": "System"
    }
  ]
}
EOF

cfssl gencert -ca=ca.pem \
  -ca-key=ca-key.pem \
  -config=ca-config.json \
  -profile=kubernetes-Soulmate etcd-csr.json | cfssljson -bare etcd

3:node01分发etcd证书到node02上面

mkdir -p /etc/etcd/ssl
cp etcd.pem etcd-key.pem ca.pem /etc/etcd/ssl/
ssh -n node02 "mkdir -p /etc/etcd/ssl && exit"
scp -r /etc/etcd/ssl/*.pem node02:/etc/etcd/ssl/

4:安装配置etcd (两主节点)实际使用需要奇数节点,类同zookeeper

1:安装etcd

yum install etcd -y
mkdir -p /var/lib/etcd

==node01的etcd.service==

cat <<EOF >/etc/systemd/system/etcd.service
[Unit]
Description=Etcd Server
After=network.target
After=network-online.target
Wants=network-online.target
Documentation=https://github.com/coreos

[Service]
Type=notify
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/etcd/
ExecStart=/usr/bin/etcd   \
    --name node01   \
    --cert-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem   \
    --key-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem   \
    --peer-cert-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem   \
    --peer-key-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem   \
    --trusted-ca-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/ca.pem   \
    --peer-trusted-ca-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/ca.pem   \
    --initial-advertise-peer-urls https://10.150.27.51:2380   \
    --listen-peer-urls https://10.150.27.51:2380   \
    --listen-client-urls https://10.150.27.51:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379   \
    --advertise-client-urls https://10.150.27.51:2379   \
    --initial-cluster-token etcd-cluster-0   \
    --initial-cluster node01=https://10.150.27.51:2380,node02=https://10.150.27.65:2380   \
    --initial-cluster-state new   \
    --data-dir=/var/lib/etcd
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5
LimitNOFILE=65536

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

==node02的etcd.service==

cat <<EOF >/etc/systemd/system/etcd.service
[Unit]
Description=Etcd Server
After=network.target
After=network-online.target
Wants=network-online.target
Documentation=https://github.com/coreos

[Service]
Type=notify
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/etcd/
ExecStart=/usr/bin/etcd   \
    --name node02   \
    --cert-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem   \
    --key-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem   \
    --peer-cert-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem   \
    --peer-key-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem   \
    --trusted-ca-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/ca.pem   \
    --peer-trusted-ca-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/ca.pem   \
    --initial-advertise-peer-urls https://10.150.27.65:2380   \
    --listen-peer-urls https://10.150.27.65:2380   \
    --listen-client-urls https://10.150.27.65:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379   \
    --advertise-client-urls https://10.150.27.65:2379   \
    --initial-cluster-token etcd-cluster-0   \
    --initial-cluster node01=https://10.150.27.51:2380,node02=https://10.150.27.65:2380   \
    --initial-cluster-state new   \
    --data-dir=/var/lib/etcd
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5
LimitNOFILE=65536

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

2:添加自启动(etcd集群最少2个节点才能启动,启动报错看mesages日志)

 mv etcd.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/
 systemctl daemon-reload
 systemctl enable etcd
 systemctl start etcd
 systemctl status etcd

3:在两个etcd节点执行一下命令检查

etcdctl --endpoints=https://10.150.27.51:2379,https://10.150.27.65:2379,https://192.168.150.183:2379 \
  --ca-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/ca.pem \
  --cert-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem \
  --key-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem  cluster-health

显示健康状态即为正常:

member 753a005b7804171f is healthy: got healthy result from https://10.150.27.65:2379
member e8aa5c83cd4f744a is healthy: got healthy result from https://10.150.27.51:2379
cluster is healthy

5:所有节点安装配置docker

1:安装docker(kubeadm目前支持docker最高版本是17.03.x)

yum install https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/7/x86_64/stable/Packages/docker-ce-selinux-17.03.2.ce-1.el7.centos.noarch.rpm  -y
yum install https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/7/x86_64/stable/Packages/docker-ce-17.03.2.ce-1.el7.centos.x86_64.rpm  -y

修改配置文件
vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service

ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd   -H tcp://0.0.0.0:2375 -H unix:///var/run/docker.sock  --registry-mirror=https://ms3cfraz.mirror.aliyuncs.com

启动docker

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl restart docker
systemctl enable docker
systemctl status docker

6: 安装、配置kubeadm

1:所有节点安装kubelet kubeadm kubectl

yum install -y kubelet kubeadm kubectl
systemctl enable kubelet 

2: 所有节点修改kubelet配置文件

/etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d/10-kubeadm.conf

#修改这一行
Environment="KUBELET_CGROUP_ARGS=--cgroup-driver=cgroupfs"
#添加这一行
Environment="KUBELET_EXTRA_ARGS=--v=2 --fail-swap-on=false --pod-infra-container-image=registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/k8sth/pause-amd64:3.0"

3:所有节点修改完配置文件一定要重新加载配置

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable kubelet

4: 命令补全

yum install -y bash-completion
source /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion
source <(kubectl completion bash)
echo "source <(kubectl completion bash)" >> ~/.bashrc

7:初始化集群

1:node01、node02添加集群初始配置文件(集群配置文件一样)

cat <<EOF > config.yaml 
apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1alpha1
kind: MasterConfiguration
etcd:
  endpoints:
  - https://10.150.27.51:2379
  - https://10.150.27.65:2379
  caFile: /etc/etcd/ssl/ca.pem
  certFile: /etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem
  keyFile: /etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem
  dataDir: /var/lib/etcd
networking:
  podSubnet: 10.244.0.0/16
kubernetesVersion: 1.10.0
api:
  advertiseAddress: "10.150.27.99"
token: "b99a00.a144ef80536d4344"
tokenTTL: "0s"  ## token 永不失效
apiServerCertSANs:
- node01
- node02
- node03
- 10.150.27.51
- 10.150.27.65
- 10.150.27.66
- 10.150.27.99
featureGates:
  CoreDNS: true
imageRepository: "registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/k8sth"
EOF

2:首先node01初始化集群

配置文件定义podnetwork是172.16.30.0/16

kubeadm init --hlep可以看出,service默认网段是10.96.0.0/12

/etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d/10-kubeadm.conf默认dns地址cluster-dns=10.96.0.10

kubeadm init --config config.yaml 

==初始化失败后处理办法==

kubeadm reset
#或
rm -rf /etc/kubernetes/*.conf
rm -rf /etc/kubernetes/manifests/*.yaml
docker ps -a |awk '{print $1}' |xargs docker rm -f
systemctl  stop kubelet

==初始化正常的结果如下==

Your Kubernetes master has initialized successfully!

To start using your cluster, you need to run the following as a regular user:

  mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
  sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
  sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

You should now deploy a pod network to the cluster.
Run "kubectl apply -f [podnetwork].yaml" with one of the options listed at:
  https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/cluster-administration/addons/

You can now join any number of machines by running the following on each node
as root:

kubeadm join 10.150.27.99:6443 --token b99a00.a144ef80536d4344 --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:f79b68fb698c92b9336474eb3bf184e847f967dc58a6296911892662b98b1315

3:node01上面执行如下命令

  mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
  sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
  sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

4:kubeadm生成证书密码文件分发到node02上面去

scp -r /etc/kubernetes/pki  node02:/etc/kubernetes/

5:部署flannel网络,只需要在node01执行就行

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/master/Documentation/kube-flannel.yml
#版本信息:quay.io/coreos/flannel:v0.10.0-amd64

kubectl create -f  kube-flannel.yml

执行命令

[root@node01 ~]# kubectl   get node
NAME      STATUS    ROLES     AGE       VERSION
node01    Ready     master    31m       v1.10.0
[root@node01 ~]# kubectl   get pods --all-namespaces
NAMESPACE     NAME                             READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
kube-system   coredns-7997f8864c-4x7mg         1/1       Running   0          29m
kube-system   coredns-7997f8864c-zfcck         1/1       Running   0          29m
kube-system   kube-apiserver-node01            1/1       Running   0          29m
kube-system   kube-controller-manager-node01   1/1       Running   0          30m
kube-system   kube-flannel-ds-hw2xb            1/1       Running   0          1m
kube-system   kube-proxy-s265b                 1/1       Running   0          29m
kube-system   kube-scheduler-node01            1/1       Running   0          30m

6:部署dashboard

kubectl create -f kubernetes-dashboard.yaml

获取token,通过令牌登陆

 kubectl -n kube-system describe secret $(kubectl -n kube-system get secret | grep admin-user | awk '{print $1}')

通过firefox访问dashboard,输入token,即可登陆

https://10.150.27.99:30000/

kubernetes-dashboard.yaml文件内容如下

# Copyright 2017 The Kubernetes Authors.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

# Configuration to deploy release version of the Dashboard UI compatible with
# Kubernetes 1.8.
#
# Example usage: kubectl create -f <this_file>

# ------------------- Dashboard Secret ------------------- #

apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-certs
  namespace: kube-system
type: Opaque

---
# ------------------- Dashboard Service Account ------------------- #

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  name: kubernetes-dashboard
  namespace: kube-system

---
# ------------------- Dashboard Role & Role Binding ------------------- #

kind: Role
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-minimal
  namespace: kube-system
rules:
  # Allow Dashboard to create 'kubernetes-dashboard-key-holder' secret.
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["secrets"]
  verbs: ["create"]
  # Allow Dashboard to create 'kubernetes-dashboard-settings' config map.
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["configmaps"]
  verbs: ["create"]
  # Allow Dashboard to get, update and delete Dashboard exclusive secrets.
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["secrets"]
  resourceNames: ["kubernetes-dashboard-key-holder", "kubernetes-dashboard-certs"]
  verbs: ["get", "update", "delete"]
  # Allow Dashboard to get and update 'kubernetes-dashboard-settings' config map.
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["configmaps"]
  resourceNames: ["kubernetes-dashboard-settings"]
  verbs: ["get", "update"]
  # Allow Dashboard to get metrics from heapster.
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["services"]
  resourceNames: ["heapster"]
  verbs: ["proxy"]
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["services/proxy"]
  resourceNames: ["heapster", "http:heapster:", "https:heapster:"]
  verbs: ["get"]

---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: RoleBinding
metadata:
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-minimal
  namespace: kube-system
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Role
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-minimal
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: kubernetes-dashboard
  namespace: kube-system

---
# ------------------- Dashboard Deployment ------------------- #

kind: Deployment
apiVersion: apps/v1beta2
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  name: kubernetes-dashboard
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  replicas: 1
  revisionHistoryLimit: 10
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
    spec:
      nodeSelector:
        node-role.kubernetes.io/master: ""
      containers:
      - name: kubernetes-dashboard
        image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/k8sth/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:v1.8.3
        ports:
        - containerPort: 8443
          protocol: TCP
        args:
          - --auto-generate-certificates
          # Uncomment the following line to manually specify Kubernetes API server Host
          # If not specified, Dashboard will attempt to auto discover the API server and connect
          # to it. Uncomment only if the default does not work.
          # - --apiserver-host=http://my-address:port
        volumeMounts:
        - name: kubernetes-dashboard-certs
          mountPath: /certs
          # Create on-disk volume to store exec logs
        - mountPath: /tmp
          name: tmp-volume
        livenessProbe:
          httpGet:
            scheme: HTTPS
            path: /
            port: 8443
          initialDelaySeconds: 30
          timeoutSeconds: 30
      volumes:
      - name: kubernetes-dashboard-certs
        secret:
          secretName: kubernetes-dashboard-certs
      - name: tmp-volume
        emptyDir: {}
      serviceAccountName: kubernetes-dashboard
      # Comment the following tolerations if Dashboard must not be deployed on master
      tolerations:
      - key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
        effect: NoSchedule

---
# ------------------- Dashboard Service ------------------- #

kind: Service
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  name: kubernetes-dashboard
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  type: NodePort
  ports:
    - port: 443
      targetPort: 8443
      nodePort: 30000
  selector:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: admin-user
  namespace: kube-system

---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: admin-user
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: admin-user
  namespace: kube-system

7:安装heapster

[root@node01 ~]# kubectl create -f kube-heapster/influxdb/
deployment.extensions "monitoring-grafana" created
service "monitoring-grafana" created
serviceaccount "heapster" created
deployment.extensions "heapster" created
service "heapster" created
deployment.extensions "monitoring-influxdb" created
service "monitoring-influxdb" created
[root@node01 ~]#  kubectl create -f kube-heapster/rbac/
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io "heapster" created
[root@node01 ~]# kubectl get pods --all-namespaces
NAMESPACE     NAME                                    READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
kube-system   coredns-7997f8864c-4x7mg                1/1       Running   0          1h
kube-system   coredns-7997f8864c-zfcck                1/1       Running   0          1h
kube-system   heapster-647b89cd4b-wmvmw               1/1       Running   0          39s
kube-system   kube-apiserver-node01                   1/1       Running   0          1h
kube-system   kube-controller-manager-node01          1/1       Running   0          1h
kube-system   kube-flannel-ds-hw2xb                   1/1       Running   0          49m
kube-system   kube-proxy-s265b                        1/1       Running   0          1h
kube-system   kube-scheduler-node01                   1/1       Running   0          1h
kube-system   kubernetes-dashboard-7b44ff9b77-26fkj   1/1       Running   0          44m
kube-system   monitoring-grafana-74bdd98b7d-szvqg     1/1       Running   0          40s
kube-system   monitoring-influxdb-55bbd4b96-95tw7     1/1       Running   0          40s

访问https://10.150.27.99:30000/#!/login即可看到监控信息

heapster文件信息

[root@node01 ~]# tree kube-heapster/
kube-heapster/
├── influxdb
│   ├── grafana.yaml
│   ├── heapster.yaml
│   └── influxdb.yaml
└── rbac
    └── heapster-rbac.yaml

grafana.yaml

apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: monitoring-grafana
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  replicas: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        task: monitoring
        k8s-app: grafana
    spec:
      nodeSelector:
        node-role.kubernetes.io/master: ""
      containers:
      - name: grafana
        image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/k8sth/heapster-grafana-amd64:v4.4.3
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        ports:
        - containerPort: 3000
          protocol: TCP
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /etc/ssl/certs
          name: ca-certificates
          readOnly: true
        - mountPath: /var
          name: grafana-storage
        env:
        - name: INFLUXDB_HOST
          value: monitoring-influxdb
        - name: GF_SERVER_HTTP_PORT
          value: "3000"
          # The following env variables are required to make Grafana accessible via
          # the kubernetes api-server proxy. On production clusters, we recommend
          # removing these env variables, setup auth for grafana, and expose the grafana
          # service using a LoadBalancer or a public IP.
        - name: GF_AUTH_BASIC_ENABLED
          value: "false"
        - name: GF_AUTH_ANONYMOUS_ENABLED
          value: "true"
        - name: GF_AUTH_ANONYMOUS_ORG_ROLE
          value: Admin
        - name: GF_SERVER_ROOT_URL
          # If you're only using the API Server proxy, set this value instead:
          # value: /api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/services/monitoring-grafana/proxy
          value: /
      volumes:
      - name: ca-certificates
        hostPath:
          path: /etc/ssl/certs
      - name: grafana-storage
        emptyDir: {}
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    # For use as a Cluster add-on (https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/tree/master/cluster/addons)
    # If you are NOT using this as an addon, you should comment out this line.
    kubernetes.io/cluster-service: 'true'
    kubernetes.io/name: monitoring-grafana
  name: monitoring-grafana
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  # In a production setup, we recommend accessing Grafana through an external Loadbalancer
  # or through a public IP.
  # type: LoadBalancer
  # You could also use NodePort to expose the service at a randomly-generated port
  # type: NodePort
  ports:
  - port: 80
    targetPort: 3000
  selector:
    k8s-app: grafana

heapster.yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: heapster
  namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: heapster
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  replicas: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        task: monitoring
        k8s-app: heapster
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: heapster
      nodeSelector:
        node-role.kubernetes.io/master: ""
      containers:
      - name: heapster
        image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/k8sth/heapster-amd64:v1.4.2
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        command:
        - /heapster
        - --source=kubernetes:https://kubernetes.default
        - --sink=influxdb:http://monitoring-influxdb.kube-system.svc:8086
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    task: monitoring
    # For use as a Cluster add-on (https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/tree/master/cluster/addons)
    # If you are NOT using this as an addon, you should comment out this line.
    kubernetes.io/cluster-service: 'true'
    kubernetes.io/name: Heapster
  name: heapster
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  ports:
  - port: 80
    targetPort: 8082
  selector:
    k8s-app: heapster

influxdb.yaml

apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: monitoring-influxdb
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  replicas: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        task: monitoring
        k8s-app: influxdb
    spec:
      nodeSelector:
        node-role.kubernetes.io/master: ""
      containers:
      - name: influxdb
        image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/k8sth/heapster-influxdb-amd64:v1.3.3
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /data
          name: influxdb-storage
      volumes:
      - name: influxdb-storage
        emptyDir: {}
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    task: monitoring
    # For use as a Cluster add-on (https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/tree/master/cluster/addons)
    # If you are NOT using this as an addon, you should comment out this line.
    kubernetes.io/cluster-service: 'true'
    kubernetes.io/name: monitoring-influxdb
  name: monitoring-influxdb
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  ports:
  - port: 8086
    targetPort: 8086
  selector:
    k8s-app: influxdb

heapster-rbac.yaml

kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
metadata:
  name: heapster
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:heapster
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: heapster
  namespace: kube-system

9:在node02上面执行初始化

kubeadm init --config config.yaml
#初始化的结果和node01的结果完全一样
mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

10:查看节点信息

[root@node01 ~]# kubectl get nodes
NAME      STATUS    ROLES     AGE       VERSION
node01    Ready     master    1h        v1.10.0
node02    Ready     master    1h        v1.10.0
[root@node01 ~]# kubectl get pods --all-namespaces -o wide
NAMESPACE     NAME                                     READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE       IP             NODE
kube-system   coredns-7997f8864c-cr725                 1/1       Running   0          40d       10.244.0.2     node01
kube-system   coredns-7997f8864c-qp79g                 1/1       Running   0          40d       10.244.0.3     node01
kube-system   elasticsearch-logging-1                  1/1       Running   0          7d        10.244.0.18    node01
kube-system   heapster-647b89cd4b-pmlwh                1/1       Running   0          11d       10.244.0.15    node01
kube-system   kube-apiserver-node02                    1/1       Running   1          7d        10.150.27.65   node02
kube-system   kube-apiserver-node01                    1/1       Running   0          40d       10.150.27.51   node01
kube-system   kube-controller-manager-node02           1/1       Running   2          7d        10.150.27.65   node02
kube-system   kube-controller-manager-node01           1/1       Running   1          40d       10.150.27.51   node01
kube-system   kube-flannel-ds-7f67k                    1/1       Running   1          40d       10.150.27.65   node02
kube-system   kube-flannel-ds-mjl2d                    1/1       Running   0          40d       10.150.27.51   node01
kube-system   kube-proxy-75t65                         1/1       Running   1          40d       10.150.27.65   node02
kube-system   kube-proxy-mtnnw                         1/1       Running   0          40d       10.150.27.51   node01
kube-system   kube-scheduler-node02                    1/1       Running   1          7d        10.150.27.65   node02
kube-system   kube-scheduler-node01                    1/1       Running   1          40d       10.150.27.51   node01
kube-system   kubernetes-dashboard-7b44ff9b77-zx448    1/1       Running   0          40d       10.244.0.4     node01
kube-system   monitoring-grafana-74bdd98b7d-2grhz      1/1       Running   0          11d       10.244.0.16    node01
kube-system   monitoring-influxdb-55bbd4b96-xxfrr      1/1       Running   0          11d       10.244.0.17    node01

11:让master也运行pod(默认master不运行pod)

kubectl taint nodes --all node-role.kubernetes.io/master-

八:添加node03节点到集群

在node03节点执行如下命令,即可将节点添加进集群

kubeadm join 10.150.27.99:6443 --token b99a00.a144ef80536d4344 --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:f79b68fb698c92b9336474eb3bf184e847f967dc58a6296911892662b98b1315
[root@node01 ~]# kubectl get node
NAME      STATUS    ROLES     AGE       VERSION
node01    Ready     master    45m       v1.10.0
node02    Ready     master    15m       v1.10.0
node03    Ready     <none>    13m       v1.10.0

12: Dashboard样例
https://10.150.27.99:30000/
见下图。
Dashboard

至此K8S1.1.10双Master高可用模式搭建完成,在Node01上关闭网卡模拟故障,VIP会自动漂移到Node02。