单个规则实例

iptables -F?
# -F 是清除的意思,作用就是把 FILTRE TABLE 的所有链的规则都清空

iptables -A INPUT -s 172.20.20.1/32 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
#在 FILTER 表的 INPUT 链匹配源地址是172.20.20.1的主机,状态分别是NEW,ESTABLISHED,RELATED 的都放行。

iptables -A INPUT -s 172.20.20.1/32 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -p tcp -m multiport --dport 123,110 -j ACCEPT
# -p 指定协议,-m 指定模块,multiport模块的作用就是可以连续匹配多各不相邻的端口号。完整的意思就是源地址是172.20.20.1的主机,状态分别是NEW, ESTABLISHED,RELATED的,TCP协议,目的端口分别为123 和 110 的数据包都可以通过。

iptables -A INPUT -s 172.20.22.0/24 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -p tcp -m multiport --dport 123,110 -j ACCEPT

iptables -A INPUT -s 0/0 -m state --state NEW -p tcp -m multiport --dport 123,110 -j DROP
#这句意思为源地址是0/0的 NEW状态的的TCP数据包都禁止访问我的123和110端口。

iptables -A INPUT -s ! 172.20.89.0/24 -m state --state NEW -p tcp -m multiport --dport 1230,110 -j DROP
# "!"号的意思 取反。就是除了172.20.89.0这个IP段的地址都DROP。

iptables -R INPUT 1 -s 192.168.6.99 -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
替换INPUT链中的第一条规则

iptables -t filter -L INPUT -vn
以数字形式详细显示filter表INPUT链的规则

 

#-------------------------------NAT IP--------------------------------------
#以下操作是在 NAT TABLE 里面完成的。请大家注意。

iptables -t nat -F
iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -d 192.168.102.55 -p tcp --dport 90 -j DNAT --to 172.20.11.1:800

#-A PREROUTING 指定在路由前做的。完整的意思是在 NAT TABLE 的路由前处理,目的地为192.168.102.55 的 目的端口为90的我们做DNAT处理,给他转向到172.20.11.1:800那里去。

iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -d 172.20.11.1 -j SNAT --to 192.168.102.55

#-A POSTROUTING 路由后。意思为在 NAT TABLE 的路由后处理,凡是目的地为 172.20.11.1 的,我们都给他做SNAT转换,把源地址改写成 192.168.102.55 。

 

iptables -A INPUT -d 192.168.20.0/255.255.255.0 -i eth1 -j DROP
iptables -A INPUT -s 192.168.20.0/255.255.255.0 -i eth1 -j DROP
iptables -A OUTPUT -d 192.168.20.0/255.255.255.0 -o eth1 -j DROP
iptables -A OUTPUT -s 192.168.20.0/255.255.255.0 -o eth1 -j DROP

# 上例中,eth1是一个与外部Internet相连,而192.168.20.0则是内部网的网络号,上述规则用来防止IP欺骗,因为出入eth1的包的ip应该是公共IP

iptables -A INPUT -s 255.255.255.255 -i eth0 -j DROP
iptables -A INPUT -s 224.0.0.0/224.0.0.0 -i eth0 -j DROP
iptables -A INPUT -d 0.0.0.0 -i eth0 -j DROP

# 防止广播包从IP代理服务器进入局域网:

iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --sport 5000 -j DROP
iptables -A INPUT -p udp -m udp --sport 5000 -j DROP
iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 5000 -j DROP
iptables -A OUTPUT -p udp -m udp --dport 5000 -j DROP

# 屏蔽端口 5000

iptables -A INPUT -s 211.148.130.129 -i eth1 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3306 -j DROP
iptables -A INPUT -s 192.168.20.0/255.255.255.0 -i eth0 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -s 211.148.130.128/255.255.255.240 -i eth1 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3306 -j DROP

# 防止 Internet 网的用户访问 MySQL 服务器(就是 3306 端口)

iptables -A FORWARD -p TCP --dport 22 -j REJECT --reject-with tcp-reset

#REJECT, 类似于DROP,但向发送该包的主机回复由--reject-with指定的信息,从而可以很好地隐藏防火墙的存在

www的iptables实例

#!/bin/bash

export PATH=/sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin

#加载相关模块

modprobe iptable_nat
modprobe ip_nat_ftp
modprobe ip_nat_irc
modprobe ip_conntrack
modprobe ip_conntrack_ftp
modprobe ip_conntrack_irc
modprobe ipt_limit

echo 1 >;/proc/sys/net/ipv4/icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts
echo 0 >;/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/accept_source_route
echo 0 >;/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/accept_redirects
echo 1 >;/proc/sys/net/ipv4/icmp_ignore_bogus_error_responses
echo 1 >;/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/log_martians
echo 1 >;/proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_syncookies
iptables -F
iptables -X
iptables -Z

## 允许本地回路?Loopback - Allow unlimited traffic
iptables -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT -o lo -j ACCEPT

## 防止SYN洪水?SYN-Flooding Protection
iptables -N syn-flood
iptables -A INPUT -i ppp0 -p tcp --syn -j syn-flood
iptables -A syn-flood -m limit --limit 1/s --limit-burst 4 -j RETURN
iptables -A syn-flood -j DROP

## 确保新连接是设置了SYN标记的包?Make sure that new TCP connections are SYN packets
iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -p tcp ! --syn -m state --state NEW -j DROP

## 允许HTTP的规则
iptables -A INPUT -i ppp0 -p tcp -s 0/0 --sport 80 -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -i ppp0 -p tcp -s 0/0 --sport 443 -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -i ppp0 -p tcp -d 0/0 --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -i ppp0 -p tcp -d 0/0 --dport 443 -j ACCEPT

## 允许DNS的规则
iptables -A INPUT -i ppp0 -p udp -s 0/0 --sport 53 -m state --state ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -i ppp0 -p udp -d 0/0 --dport 53 -j ACCEPT

## IP包流量限制?IP packets limit
iptables -A INPUT -f -m limit --limit 100/s --limit-burst 100 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -p icmp -j DROP

## 允许SSH
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -s ip1/32 --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -s ip2/32 --dport 22 -j ACCEPT

## 其它情况不允许?Anything else not allowed
iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -j DROP

一个包过滤防火墙实例

环境:redhat9 加载了string time等模块

eth0 接外网──ppp0
eth1 接内网──192.168.0.0/24

#!/bin/sh
#
modprobe ipt_MASQUERADE
modprobe ip_conntrack_ftp
modprobe ip_nat_ftp
iptables -F
iptables -t nat -F
iptables -X
iptables -t nat -X
###########################INPUT键###################################
iptables -P INPUT DROP
iptables -A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m multiport --dports 110,80,25 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -s 192.168.0.0/24 --dport 139 -j ACCEPT
#允许内网samba,smtp,pop3,连接
iptables -A INPUT -i eth1 -p udp -m multiport --dports 53 -j ACCEPT
#允许dns连接
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 1723 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p gre -j ACCEPT
#允许外网***连接
iptables -A INPUT -s 192.186.0.0/24 -p tcp -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -i ppp0 -p tcp --syn -m connlimit --connlimit-above 15 -j DROP
#为了防止DoS太多连接进来,那么可以允许最多15个初始连接,超过的丢弃
iptables -A INPUT -s 192.186.0.0/24 -p tcp --syn -m connlimit --connlimit-above 15 -j DROP
#为了防止DoS太多连接进来,那么可以允许最多15个初始连接,超过的丢弃
iptables -A INPUT -p icmp -m limit --limit 3/s -j LOG --log-level INFO --log-prefix "ICMP packet IN: "
iptables -A INPUT -p icmp -j DROP
#禁止icmp通信-ping 不通
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o ppp0 -s 192.168.0.0/24 -j MASQUERADE
#内网转发
iptables -N syn-flood
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --syn -j syn-flood
iptables -I syn-flood -p tcp -m limit --limit 3/s --limit-burst 6 -j RETURN
iptables -A syn-flood -j REJECT
#防止SYN*** 轻量
#######################FORWARD链###########################
iptables -P FORWARD DROP
iptables -A FORWARD -p tcp -s 192.168.0.0/24 -m multiport --dports 80,110,21,25,1723 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A FORWARD -p udp -s 192.168.0.0/24 --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A FORWARD -p gre -s 192.168.0.0/24 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A FORWARD -p icmp -s 192.168.0.0/24 -j ACCEPT
#允许 ***客户走***网络连接外网
iptables -A FORWARD -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD -p udp --dport 53 -m string --string "tencent" -m time --timestart 8:15 --timestop 12:30 --days Mon,Tue,Wed,Thu,Fri,Sat -j DROP
#星期一到星期六的8:00-12:30禁止qq通信
iptables -I FORWARD -p udp --dport 53 -m string --string "TENCENT" -m time --timestart 8:15 --timestop 12:30 --days Mon,Tue,Wed,Thu,Fri,Sat -j DROP
#星期一到星期六的8:00-12:30禁止qq通信
iptables -I FORWARD -p udp --dport 53 -m string --string "tencent" -m time --timestart 13:30 --timestop 20:30 --days Mon,Tue,Wed,Thu,Fri,Sat -j DROP
iptables -I FORWARD -p udp --dport 53 -m string --string "TENCENT" -m time --timestart 13:30 --timestop 20:30 --days Mon,Tue,Wed,Thu,Fri,Sat -j DROP
#星期一到星期六的13:30-20:30禁止QQ通信
iptables -I FORWARD -s 192.168.0.0/24 -m string --string "qq.com" -m time --timestart 8:15 --timestop 12:30 --days Mon,Tue,Wed,Thu,Fri,Sat -j DROP
#星期一到星期六的8:00-12:30禁止qq网页
iptables -I FORWARD -s 192.168.0.0/24 -m string --string "qq.com" -m time --timestart 13:00 --timestop 20:30 --days Mon,Tue,Wed,Thu,Fri,Sat -j DROP
#星期一到星期六的13:30-20:30禁止QQ网页
iptables -I FORWARD -s 192.168.0.0/24 -m string --string "ay2000.net" -j DROP
iptables -I FORWARD -d 192.168.0.0/24 -m string --string "宽频影院" -j DROP
iptables -I FORWARD -s 192.168.0.0/24 -m string --string "色情" -j DROP
iptables -I FORWARD -p tcp --sport 80 -m string --string "广告" -j DROP
#禁止ay2000.net,宽频影院,色情,广告网页连接 !但中文 不是很理想
iptables -A FORWARD -m ipp2p --edk --kazaa --bit -j DROP
iptables -A FORWARD -p tcp -m ipp2p --ares -j DROP
iptables -A FORWARD -p udp -m ipp2p --kazaa -j DROP
#禁止BT连接
iptables -A FORWARD -p tcp --syn --dport 80 -m connlimit --connlimit-above 15 --connlimit-mask 24 -j DROP
#只允许每组ip同时15个80端口转发
#######################################################################
sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=1 &>/dev/null
#打开转发
#######################################################################
sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies=1 &>/dev/null
#打开 syncookie (轻量级预防 DOS ***)
sysctl -w net.ipv4.netfilter.ip_conntrack_tcp_timeout_established=3800 &>/dev/null
#设置默认 TCP 连接痴呆时长为 3800 秒(此选项可以大大降低连接数)
sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_conntrack_max=300000 &>/dev/null
#设置支持最大连接树为 30W(这个根据你的内存和 iptables 版本来,每个 connection 需要 300 多个字节)
#######################################################################
iptables -I INPUT -s 192.168.0.50 -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD -s 192.168.0.50 -j ACCEPT
#192.168.0.50是我的机子,全部放行!

squid+iptables

需求说明:此服务器用作网关、MAIL(开启web、smtp、pop3)、FTP、DHCP服务器,内部一台机器(192.168.0.254) 对外提供dns服务,为了不让无意者轻易看出此服务器开启了ssh服务器,故把ssh端口改为2018.另把proxy的端口改为60080

eth0:218.28.20.253,外网口

eth1:192.168.0.1/24,内网口

[jackylau@proxyserver init.d]$cat /etc/squid/squid.conf(部份如下)
http_port 192.168.0.1:60080
httpd_accel_port 80
httpd_accel_host virtual
httpd_accel_with_proxy on
httpd_accel_uses_host_header on
acl allow_lan src 192.168.0.0/24
http_access allow allow_lan
visible_hostname proxyserver
[jackylau@proxyserver init.d]$ cat firewall
#!/bin/sh
# Author: jackylau <squidipt@yahoo.com.cn>;
# chkconfig: 2345 08 92
# description: firewall
# Time on 2005.08.02

# killproc
# Set ENV
INET_IP="218.28.20.253"
INET_IFACE="eth0"
LAN_IP="192.168.0.1"
LAN_IP_RANGE="192.168.0.0/24"
LAN_BROADCAST_ADDRESS="192.168.0.255"
LAN_IFACE="eth1"
LO_IFACE="lo"
LO_IP="127.0.0.1"
IPTABLES="/sbin/iptables"

start(){
echo -n $"Starting firewall:"
/sbin/depmod -a
/sbin/modprobe ip_tables
/sbin/modprobe ip_conntrack
/sbin/modprobe iptable_filter
/sbin/modprobe iptable_mangle
/sbin/modprobe iptable_nat
/sbin/modprobe ipt_LOG
/sbin/modprobe ipt_limit
/sbin/modprobe ipt_state

echo "1" >; /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

# Set policies
$IPTABLES -P INPUT DROP
$IPTABLES -P OUTPUT DROP
$IPTABLES -P FORWARD DROP

# Add bad_tcp_packets, allowed and icmp_packets
$IPTABLES -N bad_tcp_packets
$IPTABLES -N tcp_packets
$IPTABLES -N udp_packets
$IPTABLES -N allowed
$IPTABLES -N icmp_packets

# bad_tcp_packets
$IPTABLES -A bad_tcp_packets -p tcp ! --syn -m state --state NEW -j LOG --log-level INFO --log-prefix "New not syn:"
$IPTABLES -A bad_tcp_packets -p TCP ! --syn -m state --state NEW -j DROP

# allowed
$IPTABLES -A allowed -p TCP --syn -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A allowed -p TCP -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A allowed -p TCP -j DROP

$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p ALL -i $LAN_IFACE -d $LAN_BROADCAST_ADDRESS -j ACCEPT

# TCP rules
$IPTABLES -A tcp_packets -p TCP -s 0/0 --dport 20 -j allowed
$IPTABLES -A tcp_packets -p TCP -s 0/0 --dport 21 -j allowed
$IPTABLES -A tcp_packets -p TCP -s 0/0 --dport 25 -j allowed
$IPTABLES -A tcp_packets -p TCP -s 0/0 --dport 80 -j allowed
$IPTABLES -A tcp_packets -p TCP -s 0/0 --dport 110 -j allowed
$IPTABLES -A tcp_packets -p TCP -s 0/0 --dport 2018 -j allowed

# UDP rules
$IPTABLES -A udp_packets -p UDP -s 0/0 --destination-port 67 -j ACCEPT

# ICMP rules
$IPTABLES -A icmp_packets -p ICMP -s 0/0 --icmp-type 8 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A icmp_packets -p ICMP -s 0/0 --icmp-type 11 -j ACCEPT

# INPUT chain
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p tcp -j bad_tcp_packets

$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p ALL -i $LAN_IFACE -s $LAN_IP_RANGE -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p ALL -i $LO_IFACE -s $LO_IP -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p ALL -i $LO_IFACE -s $LAN_IP -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p ALL -i $LO_IFACE -s $INET_IP -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p ALL -d $INET_IP -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p TCP -i $INET_IFACE -j tcp_packets
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p UDP -i $INET_IFACE -j udp_packets
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p ICMP -i $INET_IFACE -j icmp_packets
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -m limit --limit 3/minute --limit-burst 3 -j LOG --log-level DEBUG --log-prefix "IPT INPUT packet died: "

# FORWARD chain
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -p tcp -j bad_tcp_packets

$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -i $LAN_IFACE -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -m limit --limit 3/minute --limit-burst 3 -j LOG --log-level DEBUG --log-prefix "IPT FORWARD packet died: "

# OUTPUT chain
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p tcp -j bad_tcp_packets

$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p ALL -s $LO_IP -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p ALL -s $LAN_IP -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p ALL -s $INET_IP -j ACCEPT

$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m limit --limit 3/minute --limit-burst 3 -j LOG --log-level DEBUG --log-prefix "IPT OUTPUT packet died: "

# SNAT table
$IPTABLES -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o $INET_IFACE -j SNAT --to-source $INET_IP

# DNAT table
$IPTABLES -t nat -A PREROUTING -p ! icmp -d $INET_IP -dport 53 -j DNAT --to-destination 192.168.0.254:53

# REDIRECT
$IPTABLES -t nat -A PREROUTING -i $LAN_IFACE -p tcp -s $LAN_IP_RANGE --dport 80 -j REDIRECT --to-ports 60080
touch /var/lock/subsys/firewall
}

stop(){
echo -n $"Stoping firewall:"
echo "0">;/proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
$IPTABLES -P INPUT ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -P FORWARD ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -P OUTPUT ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -t nat -P PREROUTING ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -t nat -P POSTROUTING ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -t nat -P OUTPUT ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -t mangle -P PREROUTING ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -t mangle -P OUTPUT ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -F
$IPTABLES -t nat -F
$IPTABLES -t mangle -F
$IPTABLES -X
$IPTABLES -t nat -X
$IPTABLES -t mangle -X
rm -f /var/lock/subsys/firewall
}

status(){
clear
echo "-------------------------------------------------------------------"
$IPTABLES -L
echo "-------------------------------------------------------------------"
$IPTABLES -t nat -L POSTROUTING
echo "-------------------------------------------------------------------"
$IPTABLES -t nat -L PREROUTING
}

case "$1" in
start)
start
;;
stop)
stop
;;
restart)
stop
start
;;
*)
echo "$0 [start|stop|restart|status]"
;;
esac
cp firewall /etc/init.d/
chmod 700 /etc/init.d/firewall
chkconfig --add firewall

rc.firewall脚本代码

#!/bin/sh
#
# rc.firewall - Initial SIMPLE IP Firewall script for Linux 2.4.x and iptables
#
# Copyright (C) 2001?Oskar Andreasson <bluefluxATkoffeinDOTnet>
#
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.?See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program or from the site that you downloaded it
# from; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple
# Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA?02111-1307?USA
#

###########################################################################
#
# 1. 配置选项.
#

#
# 1.1 Internet 相关变量设置.
#

INET_IP="194.236.50.155"
INET_IFACE="eth0"
INET_BROADCAST="194.236.50.255"

#
# 1.1.1 DHCP相关设置
#

#
# 1.1.2 PPPoE相关设置
#

#
# 1.2 局域网相关变量设置.
#

LAN_IP="192.168.0.2" #防火墙连接局域网的IP地址
LAN_IP_RANGE="192.168.0.0/16" #局域网地址
LAN_IFACE="eth1" #防火墙连接局域网的网络接口

#
# 1.3 DMZ 非军事区相关变量设置.
#

#
# 1.4 本机相关变量设置.
#

LO_IFACE="lo" #本地接口名称
LO_IP="127.0.0.1" #本地接口IP 

#
# 1.5 IPTables 路径设置.
#

IPTABLES="/usr/sbin/iptables"

#
# 1.6 其它配置.
#

###########################################################################
#
# 2. 要加载的模块.
#

#
# 初始加载的模块
#

/sbin/depmod -a

#
# 2.1 需加载的模块
#

/sbin/modprobe ip_tables
/sbin/modprobe ip_conntrack
/sbin/modprobe iptable_filter
/sbin/modprobe iptable_mangle
/sbin/modprobe iptable_nat
/sbin/modprobe ipt_LOG
/sbin/modprobe ipt_limit
/sbin/modprobe ipt_state

#
# 2.2 不需加载的模块
#

#/sbin/modprobe ipt_owner
#/sbin/modprobe ipt_REJECT
#/sbin/modprobe ipt_MASQUERADE
#/sbin/modprobe ip_conntrack_ftp
#/sbin/modprobe ip_conntrack_irc
#/sbin/modprobe ip_nat_ftp
#/sbin/modprobe ip_nat_irc

###########################################################################
#
# 3. /proc 设置.
#

#
# 3.1 需要的proc配置
#

echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

#
# 3.2 不需要的proc配置
#

#echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/rp_filter
#echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/proxy_arp
#echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_dynaddr

###########################################################################
#
# 4. 建立规则.
#

######
# 4.1 Filter表
#

#
# 4.1.1 建立策略
#

$IPTABLES -P INPUT DROP
$IPTABLES -P OUTPUT DROP
$IPTABLES -P FORWARD DROP

#
# 4.1.2 创建自定义链Create userspecified chains
#

#
# 为不可靠的tcp包建立自定义链Create chain for bad tcp packets
#

$IPTABLES -N bad_tcp_packets

#
# 分别为ICMP, TCP 和 UDP协议建立自定义链Create separate chains for ICMP, TCP and UDP to traverse
#

$IPTABLES -N allowed
$IPTABLES -N tcp_packets
$IPTABLES -N udp_packets
$IPTABLES -N icmp_packets

#
# 4.1.3 在自定义链建立规则Create content in userspecified chains
#

#
# bad_tcp_packets链bad_tcp_packets chain
#
#这条链包含的规则检查进入包(incoming packet)的包头是否不正常或有没有其他问题,并进行相应地处理。但事实上,我们使用它只是为了过滤掉一些特殊的包:没有设置SYN位但又是NEW状 态的TCP包,还有那些设置了SYN/ACK但也被认为是NEW状态的TCP包。这条链可以用来检查所有可能的不一致的东西

$IPTABLES -A bad_tcp_packets -p tcp --tcp-flags SYN,ACK SYN,ACK -m state --state NEW -j REJECT --reject-with tcp-reset

$IPTABLES -A bad_tcp_packets -p tcp ! --syn -m state --state NEW -j LOG --log-prefix "New not syn:"

$IPTABLES -A bad_tcp_packets -p tcp ! --syn -m state --state NEW -j DROP

#
# allowed链?allowed chain
#

$IPTABLES -A allowed -p TCP --syn -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A allowed -p TCP -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A allowed -p TCP -j DROP

#
# TCP规则?TCP rules
#

$IPTABLES -A tcp_packets -p TCP -s 0/0 --dport 21 -j allowed
$IPTABLES -A tcp_packets -p TCP -s 0/0 --dport 22 -j allowed
$IPTABLES -A tcp_packets -p TCP -s 0/0 --dport 80 -j allowed
$IPTABLES -A tcp_packets -p TCP -s 0/0 --dport 113 -j allowed

#
# UDP端口?UDP ports
#

#$IPTABLES -A udp_packets -p UDP -s 0/0 --destination-port 53 -j ACCEPT
#$IPTABLES -A udp_packets -p UDP -s 0/0 --destination-port 123 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A udp_packets -p UDP -s 0/0 --destination-port 2074 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A udp_packets -p UDP -s 0/0 --destination-port 4000 -j ACCEPT

#
# 如果网络中存在Microsoft网络的话,你会遭遇洪水一样的广播信息,下面的指令将阻止这些广播并在日志中#记录.?In Microsoft Networks you will be swamped by broadcasts. These lines
# will prevent them from showing up in the logs.
#

#$IPTABLES -A udp_packets -p UDP -i $INET_IFACE -d $INET_BROADCAST --destination-port?135:139 -j DROP

#
# 如果有来自我们网络之外的DHCP请求的话,就会很快把我们的日志塞满,下面的指令If we get DHCP requests from the Outside of our network, our logs will
# be swamped as well. This rule will block them from getting logged.
#

#$IPTABLES -A udp_packets -p UDP -i $INET_IFACE -d 255.255.255.255 --destination-port 67:68 -j DROP

#
#ICMP规则?ICMP rules
#

$IPTABLES -A icmp_packets -p ICMP -s 0/0 --icmp-type 8 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A icmp_packets -p ICMP -s 0/0 --icmp-type 11 -j ACCEPT

#
# 4.1.4 INPUT链?INPUT chain
#

#
# 排除不良TCP包?Bad TCP packets we don't want.
#

$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p tcp -j bad_tcp_packets

#
# 非internet网络部分的规则?Rules for special networks not part of the Internet
#

$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p ALL -i $LAN_IFACE -s $LAN_IP_RANGE -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p ALL -i $LO_IFACE -s $LO_IP -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p ALL -i $LO_IFACE -s $LAN_IP -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p ALL -i $LO_IFACE -s $INET_IP -j ACCEPT

#
# 有关本地DHCP的特殊规则?Special rule for DHCP requests from LAN, which are not caught properly
# otherwise.
#

$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p UDP -i $LAN_IFACE --dport 67 --sport 68 -j ACCEPT

#
# 来自因特网的进入包的规则 Rules for incoming packets from the internet.
#

$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p ALL -d $INET_IP -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p TCP -i $INET_IFACE -j tcp_packets
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p UDP -i $INET_IFACE -j udp_packets
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p ICMP -i $INET_IFACE -j icmp_packets

#
# 如果防火墙外存在Microsoft网络的话,你会遭遇洪水一样的多播信息,下面的指令将丢弃这些包,所以日志就不会被这些东西淹没# 记录If you have a Microsoft Network on the outside of your firewall, you may
# also get flooded by Multicasts. We drop them so we do not get flooded by
# logs
#

#$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $INET_IFACE -d 224.0.0.0/8 -j DROP

#
# 将不满足上述规则的形为怪异的包记录在案 Log weird packets that don't match the above.
#

$IPTABLES -A INPUT -m limit --limit 3/minute --limit-burst 3 -j LOG --log-level DEBUG --log-prefix "IPT INPUT packet died: "

#
# 4.1.5 FORWARD链?FORWARD chain
#

#
# 排除不良TCP包?Bad TCP packets we don't want
#

$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -p tcp -j bad_tcp_packets

#
# 接收想要转发的TCP包?Accept the packets we actually want to forward
#

$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -i $LAN_IFACE -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT

#
# 将不满足上述规则的形为怪异的包记录在案?Log weird packets that don't match the above.
#

$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -m limit --limit 3/minute --limit-burst 3 -j LOG --log-level DEBUG --log-prefix "IPT FORWARD packet died: "

#
# 4.1.6?OUTPUT链?OUTPUT chain
#

#
# 排除不良TCP包?Bad TCP packets we don't want.
#

$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p tcp -j bad_tcp_packets

#
# 决定允许哪个IP包OUTPUT的规则?Special OUTPUT rules to decide which IP's to allow.
#

$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p ALL -s $LO_IP -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p ALL -s $LAN_IP -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p ALL -s $INET_IP -j ACCEPT

#
# 将不满足上述规则的形为怪异的包记录在案?Log weird packets that don't match the above.
#

$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m limit --limit 3/minute --limit-burst 3 -j LOG --log-level DEBUG --log-prefix "IPT OUTPUT packet died: "

######
# 4.2 nat表?nat table
#

#
# 4.2.1 设置策略?Set policies
#

#
# 4.2.2 创建用户自定义链?Create user specified chains
#

#
# 4.2.3 在用户自定义链中建立规则?Create content in user specified chains
#

#
# 4.2.4 PREROUTING链?PREROUTING chain
#

#
# 4.2.5 POSTROUTING链?POSTROUTING chain
#

#
# 允许简单的IP转发及网络地址转换?Enable simple IP Forwarding and Network Address Translation
#

$IPTABLES -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o $INET_IFACE -j SNAT --to-source $INET_IP

#
# 4.2.6 OUTPUT链?OUTPUT chain
#

######
# 4.3 mangle表?mangle table
#

#
# 4.3.1 设置策略?Set policies
#

#
# 4.3.2 创建用户自定义链?Create user specified chains
#

#
# 4.3.3 在用户自定义链中建立规则?Create content in user specified chains
#

#
# 4.3.4 PREROUTING链?PREROUTING chain
#

#
# 4.3.5 INPUT链?INPUT chain
#

#
# 4.3.6 FORWARD链?FORWARD chain
#

#
# 4.3.7 OUTPUT链?OUTPUT chain
#

#
# 4.3.8 POSTROUTING链?POSTROUTING chain
#

初始化

IPTABLES -X

IPTABLES -t nat -X

IPTABLES -t mangle -X

iptables -Z 

定义策略(默认规则)

iptables -P INPUT ACCEPT

iptables -P OUTPUT ACCEPT

iptables -P FORWARD ACCEPT

iptables -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT

iptables -A INPUT -m state --state RELATED -j ACCEPT