豆子公司是上市公司,每年都需要审计。因此离职用户的信息不能删掉,只能disable掉。有的时候,桌面需要把一个离职用户的邮件重新添加到另一个用户的别名,以便继续接收邮件。但是Office365默认配置情况下 一个已经disable掉的用户,不管怎么改他都不会继续同步,这样造成的结果就是桌面经常修改的顺序不对,造成了本地的AD已经改了,但是修改的东西不会同步到office365, 或者直接office365认为已经有记录了,拒绝添加新的记录。

鉴于桌面支持的不靠谱,豆子每天都需要看看同步状态,然后通知桌面修改。登录主界面,然后点击DirSync Errors就能看见了

PowerShell 脚本通知Office365 同步错误

冲突的smtp地址记录

PowerShell 脚本通知Office365 同步错误

如何能自动获取这个界面呢?豆子刚开始找了半天的API,始终没找到,甚至都开始打爬虫的注意了,后来终于找到了相关的命令

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/module/msonline/get-msoldirsyncprovisioningerror?view=azureadps-1.0

下面是完整的脚本

Get-PSSession | Remove-PSSession

$username = "aaa@bbb.com"
$secureStringPwd = ConvertTo-SecureString -AsPlainText "password" -Force
$creds = New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -ArgumentList $username, $secureStringPwd

Connect-MsolService -Credential $UserCredential
$Session = New-PSSession -ConfigurationName Microsoft.Exchange -ConnectionUri https://outlook.office365.com/powershell-liveid/ -Credential $creds -Authentication Basic -AllowRedirection
Import-PSSession $Session

$result=Get-MsolDirSyncProvisioningError | select Displayname, LastDirSyncTime, ObjectId, ObjectType, @{n='Error';e={$_.ProvisioningErrors.ErrorCategory}}, UserPrincipalName

$from = "helpdesk@bbb.com"
$to = "aaa@bbb.com"

$smtp = "smtp.office365.com" 
$sub = "Office365 Sync Error" 

$secpasswd = ConvertTo-SecureString "Password" -AsPlainText -Force 
$mycreds = New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential ($from, $secpasswd)
$a = "<style>"
$a = $a + "BODY{background-color:Lavender ;}"
$a = $a + "TABLE{border-width: 1px;border-style: solid;border-color: black;border-collapse: collapse;}"
$a = $a + "TH{border-width: 1px;padding: 0px;border-style: solid;border-color: black;background-color:thistle}"
$a = $a + "TD{border-width: 1px;padding: 0px;border-style: solid;border-color: black;background-color:PaleGoldenrod}"
$a = $a + "</style>"

#import-csv C:\scripts\users.csv | ConvertTo-Html -Body "<H1> User List </H1>" -Head $a | out-file C:\temp\tt.html

$htmlbody=$result| ConvertTo-Html -Body "<H1> Office365 DirSync Errors </H1> <H2>For Further details, please visit https://portal.office.com/adminportal/home#/dirsyncobjecterrors</H2>" -Head $a

Send-MailMessage -To $to -From $from -Subject $sub -Body ($htmlbody|Out-String) -Credential $mycreds -SmtpServer $smtp -DeliveryNotificationOption Never -BodyAsHtml -UseSsl -port 587 

收到邮件通知

PowerShell 脚本通知Office365 同步错误

成功之后设置一个计划任务

$settingspath='C:\users\yuan.li\Documents\GitHub\Powershell\SyncErrorNotification.ps1'

if (Get-ScheduledTask -TaskName 'SyncNotification' -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue){

    Unregister-ScheduledTask -TaskName 'SyncNotification' -Confirm:$false
}

$Action = New-ScheduledTaskAction -Execute 'C:\Windows\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe' -Argument "-executionpolicy bypass -File '$settingspath'" 

$Trigger = New-ScheduledTaskTrigger -Daily -At '10AM'

register-ScheduledTask -Action $Action -Trigger $Trigger -Settings (New-ScheduledTaskSettingsSet -Compatibility Win8) -User 'aa' -Password 'pass' -RunLevel Highest -TaskName 'SyncNotification'

Start-ScheduledTask -TaskName 'SyncNotification

结果如下

PowerShell 脚本通知Office365 同步错误