准备centos yum源,编译环境,各种源码包
1,编译和源码包准备
gcc环境和源码包下载(所有的源码包都放在/usr/local/src目录下)

yum update 
yum groupinstall -y "Development Libraries" "Development Tools" 

wget http://www.nginx.org/download/nginx-1.1.9.tar.gz 
wget http://www.php.net/get/php-5.2.17.tar.gz/from/this/mirror 
wget http://php-fpm.org/downloads/php-5.2.14-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz 
wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.22.tar.gz/from/http://mysql.he.net/ 
wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/bison/bison-2.5.tar.gz 
wget http://www.cmake.org/files/v2.8/cmake-2.8.7.tar.gz 
wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.14.tar.gz 
wget http://lcmp.googlecode.com/files/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz 
wget http://vps.googlecode.com/files/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz 
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/memcache-3.0.6.tgz 
wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mhash/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz?modtime=1175740843&big_mirror=0" 
wget http://acelnmp.googlecode.com/files/eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2 
wget ftp://ftp.imagemagick.org/pub/ImageMagick/ImageMagick.tar.gz
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/imagick-2.3.0.tgz
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz

2,(1)编译安装mysql

cd /usr/local/src/ 
tar xf cmake-2.8.7.tar.gz 
cd cmake-2.8.7 
./bootstrap 
gmake 
gmake install 
cd ../ 
tar zxvf bison-2.5.tar.gz 
cd bison-2.5 
./configure 
make 
make install 
cd ../ 
groupadd -r mysql 
useradd -g mysql -M -r -s /bin/nologin mysql 
mkdir -p /data/3306/mysql     
chown -R mysql. /data/3306/mysql 
mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql    
tar xf mysql-5.5.22.tar.gz 
cd mysql-5.5.22 
cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql \ 
-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc \ 
-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock \ 
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \ 
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \ 
-DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS:STRING=utf8,gbk \ 
-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \ 
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \ 
-DWITH_READLINE=1 \ 
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \ 
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/3306/mysql 
make && make install 
cd ../

(2)配置mysql
添加mysql环境变量
vim /etc/profile 添加PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin并重读环境变量
source /etc/profile
添加mysql的库文件
vim /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.cnf 添加/usr/local/mysql/lib这一行代码并重新加载库文件
ldconfig -v 
初始化mysql,设置sv启动mysql和mysql的配置文件

/usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/3306/mysql/ --user=mysql 
ln -sv /usr/local/mysql/include /usr/include/mysql 
mkdir -p /data/3306/mysql/data/
mkdir -p /data/3306/mysql/binlog/
mkdir -p /data/3306/mysql/relaylog/
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/3306/mysql/
cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/my-large.cnf /etc/my.cnf 
cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld 
chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld 
chkconfig --add mysqld 
service mysqld start

优化mysql -->修改其配置文件内容为

# Example MySQL config file for large systems. 

# This is for a large system with memory = 512M where the system runs mainly 
# MySQL. 

# MySQL programs look for option files in a set of 
# locations which depend on the deployment platform. 
# You can copy this option file to one of those 
# locations. For information about these locations, see: 
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/option-files.html 

# In this file, you can use all long options that a program supports. 
# If you want to know which options a program supports, run the program 
# with the "--help" option. 

# The following options will be passed to all MySQL clients 
[client] 
character-set-server = utf8 
port        = 3306 
socket    = /tmp/mysql.sock 

[mysqld] 
character-set-server = utf8 
port        = 3306 
socket    = /tmp/mysql.sock 
user        = mysql 
basedir = /usr/local/mysql 
datadir = /data/3306/mysql 
log-error = /data/3306/mysql/mysql_error.log 
pid-file = /data/3306/mysql/mysql.pid 
open_files_limit        = 10240 
back_log = 600 
max_connections = 5000 
max_connect_errors = 6000 
table_cache = 614 
external-locking = FALSE 
max_allowed_packet = 32M 
sort_buffer_size = 1M 
join_buffer_size = 1M 
thread_cache_size = 300 
#thread_concurrency = 8 
query_cache_size = 512M 
query_cache_limit = 2M 
query_cache_min_res_unit = 2k 
default-storage-engine = MyISAM 
thread_stack = 192K 
transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED 
tmp_table_size = 246M 
max_heap_table_size = 246M 
long_query_time = 3 
log-slave-updates 
log-bin = /data/3306/mysql/binlog/binlog 
binlog_cache_size = 4M 
binlog_format = MIXED 
max_binlog_cache_size = 8M 
max_binlog_size = 1G 
relay-log-index = /data/3306/mysql/relaylog/relaylog 
relay-log-info-file = /data/3306/mysql/relaylog/relaylog 
relay-log = /data/3306/mysql/relaylog/relaylog 
expire_logs_days = 30 
key_buffer_size = 256M 
read_buffer_size = 1M 
read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M 
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 64M 
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M 
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G 
myisam_repair_threads = 1 
myisam_recover 

interactive_timeout = 120 
wait_timeout = 120 

skip-name-resolve 
#master-connect-retry = 10 
slave-skip-errors = 1032,1062,126,1114,1146,1048,1396 

#master-host         =     192.168.1.2 
#master-user         =     username 
#master-password =     password 
#master-port         =    3306 

server-id = 1 

innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 16M 
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M 
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:256M:autoextend 
innodb_file_io_threads = 4 
innodb_thread_concurrency = 8 
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2 
innodb_log_buffer_size = 16M 
innodb_log_file_size = 128M 
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3 
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90 
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120 
innodb_file_per_table = 0 

#log-slow-queries = /data/3306/mysql/slow.log 
#long_query_time = 10 

replicate-ignore-db = mysql 
replicate-ignore-db = test 
replicate-ignore-db = information_schema 
[mysqldump] 
quick 
max_allowed_packet = 32M


3,编译安装php---需要打两个补丁很纳闷为啥不用5.3版本后的吧(主要是公司开个在5.2版本上开发程序。。。)

tar xf libiconv-1.14.tar.gz    
cd libiconv-1.14 
./configure --prefix=/usr/local 
make && make install 
cd ../ 

tar xf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz    
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8 
./configure 
make && make install 
ldconfig -v 
cd libltdl/ 
./configure --enable-ltdl-install 
make && make install 
cd ../../ 
tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz 
cd mhash-0.9.9.9/ 
./configure 
make && make install 
cd ../ 
vim /etc/ld.so.conf.d/local.conf 添加 
/usr/local/lib 
ldconfig -v 

tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz 
cd mcrypt-2.6.8/ 
/sbin/ldconfig 
./configure 
make && make install 
cd ../
cp -frp /usr/lib64/libjpeg.so* /usr/lib/
cp -frp /usr/lib64/libpng*  /usr/lib/
cp -frp /usr/lib64/libldap* /usr/lib/
tar xf php-5.2.17.tar.gz 
gzip -cd php-5.2.14-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.17  -p1
cd php-5.2.17
tar xf ../laruence-laruence.github.com-b648cb1.tar.gz 
patch -p1 < ../laruence-laruence.github.com-b648cb1/php-5.2-max-input-vars/php-5.2.17-max-input-vars.patch
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-iconv-dir=/usr/local --with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib --with-libxml-dir=/usr --enable-xml --disable-rpath --enable-discard-path --enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curl --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fastcgi --enable-fpm --enable-force-cgi-redirect --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --with-mhash --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-ldap --with-ldap-sasl --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap
make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'
make install
 cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
cd ../
ps上面第二个补丁下载地址http://www.kuaipan.cn/file/id_4516853896446549.html
第一补丁我打的是php-5.2.14-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz 这个版本,因为打php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz 这个版本./configure会报下面错误
Installing PEAR environment:      /usr/local/php/lib/php/
/usr/local/src/php-5.2.17/sapi/cli/php: error while loading shared libraries: libmysqlclient.so.18: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
tar xf memcache-3.0.6.tgz    
cd memcache-3.0.6 
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize 
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config 
make && make install 
cd ../ 
tar xf eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2 
cd eaccelerator-0.9.6.1/ 
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize 
./configure --enable-eaccelerator=shared --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config 
make && make install 
cd ../
tar zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql
make && make install
cd ../
tar zxvf ImageMagick.tar.gz
cd ImageMagick-6.5.1-2/
./configure
make && make install
cd ../
tar zxvf imagick-2.3.0.tgz
cd imagick-2.3.0/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make && make install
cd ../

上面make  install结果记下,后面有用
Installing shared extensions:     /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/
ps:在编译安装ImageMagick有可能报下面错误

Can't locate ExtUtils/MakeMaker.pm in @INC (@INC contains: /usr/local/lib64/perl5 /usr/local/share/perl5 /usr/lib64/perl5/vendor_perl /usr/share/perl5/vendor_perl /usr/lib64/perl5 /usr/share/perl5 .) at Makefile.PL line 24.
BEGIN failed--compilation aborted at Makefile.PL line 24.
make[1]: *** [PerlMagick/Makefile] Error 2
make[1]: Leaving directory `/data0/software/ImageMagick-6.5.1-2'
make: *** [install] Error 2
解决方法:
yum -y install perl-CPAN


修改php.ini文件
查找/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini中的extension_dir = "./"
  修改为extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/"
并在此行后增加以下几行
  extension = "memcache.so"
  extension = "pdo_mysql.so"
  extension = "imagick.so"
  再查找output_buffering = Off
  修改为output_buffering = On
  再查找; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0
  修改为cgi.fix_pathinfo=0
配置eAccelerator加速PHP(加速有很多选择,下次我就换个测试下)
vim /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini在文件最后添加下面代码

[eaccelerator] 
zend_extension="/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/eaccelerator.so" 
eaccelerator.shm_size="64" 
eaccelerator.cache_dir="/usr/local/eaccelerator_cache" 
eaccelerator.enable="1" 
eaccelerator.optimizer="1" 
eaccelerator.check_mtime="1" 
eaccelerator.debug="0" 
eaccelerator.filter="" 
eaccelerator.shm_max="0" 
eaccelerator.shm_ttl="3600" 
eaccelerator.shm_prune_period="3600" 
eaccelerator.shm_only="0" 
eaccelerator.compress="1" 
eaccelerator.compress_level="9"

添加www用户,nginx和FastCGI用
groupadd -r www
useradd -r -g www -s /bin/false -M www
创建php-fpm配置文件
rm -rf /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
vim /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

<?xml version="1.0" ?> 
<configuration> 

    All relative paths in this config are relative to php's install prefix 

    <section name="global_options"> 

        Pid file 
        <value name="pid_file">/usr/local/php/logs/php-fpm.pid</value> 

        Error log file 
        <value name="error_log">/usr/local/php/logs/php-fpm.log</value> 

        Log level 
        <value name="log_level">notice</value> 

        When this amount of php processes exited with SIGSEGV or SIGBUS ... 
        <value name="emergency_restart_threshold">10</value> 

        ... in a less than this interval of time, a graceful restart will be initiated. 
        Useful to work around accidental curruptions in accelerator's shared memory. 
        <value name="emergency_restart_interval">1m</value> 

        Time limit on waiting child's reaction on signals from master 
        <value name="process_control_timeout">5s</value> 

        Set to 'no' to debug fpm 
        <value name="daemonize">yes</value> 

    </section> 

    <workers> 

        <section name="pool"> 

            Name of pool. Used in logs and stats. 
            <value name="name">default</value> 

            Address to accept fastcgi requests on. 
            Valid syntax is 'ip.ad.re.ss:port' or just 'port' or '/path/to/unix/socket' 
            <value name="listen_address">127.0.0.1:9000</value> 

            <value name="listen_options"> 

                Set listen(2) backlog 
                <value name="backlog">-1</value> 

                Set permissions for unix socket, if one used. 
                In Linux read/write permissions must be set in order to allow connections from web server. 
                Many BSD-derrived systems allow connections regardless of permissions. 
                <value name="owner"></value> 
                <value name="group"></value> 
                <value name="mode">0666</value> 
            </value> 

            Additional php.ini defines, specific to this pool of workers. 
            <value name="php_defines"> 
                <value name="sendmail_path">/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i</value> 
                <value name="display_errors">0</value> 
            </value> 

            Unix user of processes 
            <value name="user">www</value> 

            Unix group of processes 
            <value name="group">www</value> 

            Process manager settings 
            <value name="pm"> 

                Sets style of controling worker process count. 
                Valid values are 'static' and 'apache-like' 
                <value name="style">static</value> 

                Sets the limit on the number of simultaneous requests that will be served. 
                Equivalent to Apache MaxClients directive. 
                Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment in original php.fcgi 
                Used with any pm_style. 
                <value name="max_children">128</value> 

                Settings group for 'apache-like' pm style 
                <value name="apache_like"> 

                    Sets the number of server processes created on startup. 
                    Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected 
                    <value name="StartServers">20</value> 

                    Sets the desired minimum number of idle server processes. 
                    Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected 
                    <value name="MinSpareServers">5</value> 

                    Sets the desired maximum number of idle server processes. 
                    Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected 
                    <value name="MaxSpareServers">35</value> 

                </value> 

            </value> 

            The timeout (in seconds) for serving a single request after which the worker process will be terminated 
            Should be used when 'max_execution_time' ini option does not stop script execution for some reason 
            '0s' means 'off' 
            <value name="request_terminate_timeout">0s</value> 

            The timeout (in seconds) for serving of single request after which a php backtrace will be dumped to slow.log file 
            '0s' means 'off' 
            <value name="request_slowlog_timeout">0s</value> 

            The log file for slow requests 
            <value name="slowlog">logs/slow.log</value> 

            Set open file desc rlimit 
            <value name="rlimit_files">65535</value> 

            Set max core size rlimit 
            <value name="rlimit_core">0</value> 

            Chroot to this directory at the start, absolute path 
            <value name="chroot"></value> 

            Chdir to this directory at the start, absolute path 
            <value name="chdir"></value> 

            Redirect workers' stdout and stderr into main error log. 
            If not set, they will be redirected to /dev/null, according to FastCGI specs 
            <value name="catch_workers_output">yes</value> 

            How much requests each process should execute before respawn. 
            Useful to work around memory leaks in 3rd party libraries. 
            For endless request processing please specify 0 
            Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS 
            <value name="max_requests">1024</value> 

            Comma separated list of ipv4 addresses of FastCGI clients that allowed to connect. 
            Equivalent to FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment in original php.fcgi (5.2.2+) 
            Makes sense only with AF_INET listening socket. 
            <value name="allowed_clients">127.0.0.1</value> 

            Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH 
            All $VARIABLEs are taken from current environment 
            <value name="environment"> 
                <value name="HOSTNAME">$HOSTNAME</value> 
                <value name="PATH">/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin</value> 
                <value name="TMP">/tmp</value> 
                <value name="TMPDIR">/tmp</value> 
                <value name="TEMP">/tmp</value> 
                <value name="OSTYPE">$OSTYPE</value> 
                <value name="MACHTYPE">$MACHTYPE</value> 
                <value name="MALLOC_CHECK_">2</value> 
            </value> 

        </section> 

    </workers> 

</configuration>

/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start 启动FastCGI
下面是伪sv启动FastCGI脚本,仅供参考。
vim /etc/init.d/phpfcgi 添加下面代码

#! /bin/sh 

# phpcgi                Startup script for the Apache fastcgi Server 

# chkconfig:345    85 15 
# description:phpcgi    
# processname: phpcgi 
# config: /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf 
# pidfile: /usr/local/php/logs/php-fpm.pid 
# Source function library. 
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions 

php_fpm_BIN=/usr/local/php/bin/php-cgi 
php_fpm_CONF=/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf 
php_fpm_PID=/usr/local/php/logs/php-fpm.pid 


php_opts="--fpm-config $php_fpm_CONF" 


wait_for_pid () { 
                try=0 

                while test $try -lt 35 ; do 

                                case "$1" in 
                                                'created') 
                                                if [ -f "$2" ] ; then 
                                                                try='' 
                                                                break 
                                                fi 
                                                ;; 

                                                'removed') 
                                                if [ ! -f "$2" ] ; then 
                                                                try='' 
                                                                break 
                                                fi 
                                                ;; 
                                esac 

                                echo -n . 
                                try=`expr $try + 1` 
                                sleep 1 

                done 



case "$1" in 
                start) 
                                echo -n "Starting php_fpm " 

                                $php_fpm_BIN --fpm $php_opts 

                                if [ "$?" != 0 ] ; then 
                                                echo " failed" 
                                                echo -e "\033[31mStarting php_fpm .............[failed]\033[0m" 
                                                exit 1 
                                fi 


                                wait_for_pid created $php_fpm_PID 

                                if [ -n "$try" ] ; then 
                                                echo " failed" 
                                                echo -e "\033[31mStarting php_fpm .............[failed]\033[0m" 
                                                exit 1 
                                else 
                                                echo " done" 
                                fi 
                                echo -e "\033[32mStarting php_fpm .............[ok]\033[0m" 
                ;; 

                stop) 
                                echo -n "Shutting down php_fpm " 

                                if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then 
                                                echo -e "\033[31mwarning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?\033[0m" 
                                                exit 1 
                                fi 

                                kill -TERM `cat $php_fpm_PID` 

                                wait_for_pid removed $php_fpm_PID 

                                if [ -n "$try" ] ; then 
                                                echo -e "\033[31mStoping php_fpm .............[failed]\033[0m" 
                                                exit 1 
                                else 
                                                echo " done" 
                                fi 
                                echo -e "\033[32m Stoping php_fpm .............[ok]\033[0m" 
                ;; 

                quit) 
                                echo -n "Gracefully shutting down php_fpm " 

                                if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then 
                                                echo -e "\033[31mwarning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?\033[0m" 
                                                exit 1 
                                fi 

                                kill -QUIT `cat $php_fpm_PID` 

                                wait_for_pid removed $php_fpm_PID 

                                if [ -n "$try" ] ; then 
                                                echo -e "\033[31mquiting php_fpm .............[failed]\033[0m" 
                                                exit 1 
                                else 
                                                echo " done" 
                                fi 
                                echo -e "\033[32mquiting    php_fpm .............[ok]\033[0m" 
                ;; 

                restart) 
                                $0 stop 
                                $0 start 
                ;; 

                reload) 

                                echo -n "Reload service php-fpm " 

                                if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then 
                                                echo -e "\033[31mwarning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?\033[0m" 
                                                exit 1 
                                fi 

                                kill -USR2 `cat $php_fpm_PID` 

                                echo -e "\033[32mreload    php_fpm .............[ok]\033[0m" 
                ;; 

                logrotate) 

                                echo -n "Re-opening php-fpm log file " 

                                if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then 
                                                echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?" 
                                                exit 1 
                                fi 

                                kill -USR1 `cat $php_fpm_PID` 

                                echo -e "\033[32mlogrotate    php_fpm .............[ok]\033[0m" 
                ;; 

                *) 
                                echo -e "\033[32mUsage: $0 {start|stop|quit|restart|reload|logrotate}\033[0m" 
                                exit 1 
                ;; 

esac
chmod +x /etc/init.d/phpfcgi 
chkconfig --add phpfcgi

测试如下
[root@localhost ~]# service phpfcgi start
Starting php_fpm  done
Starting php_fpm .............[ok]
[root@localhost ~]# service phpfcgi stop
Shutting down php_fpm ...... done
 Stoping php_fpm .............[ok]
4,安装nginx
tar xf pcre-8.20.tar.bz2    
cd pcre-8.20 
./configure    
make && make install 
cd ../ 
tar xf nginx-1.1.9.tar.gz    
cd nginx-1.1.9 
./configure \ 
     --prefix=/usr \ 
     --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx \ 
     --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \ 
     --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \ 
     --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \ 
     --pid-path=/var/run/nginx/nginx.pid    \ 
     --lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock \ 
     --user=www \ 
     --group=www \ 
     --with-http_ssl_module \ 
     --with-http_flv_module \ 
     --with-http_stub_status_module \ 
     --with-http_gzip_static_module \ 
     --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/usr/local/src/nginx/client/ \ 
     --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/usr/local/src/nginx/proxy/ \ 
     --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/usr/local/src/nginx/fcgi/ \ 
     --with-pcre \ 
make && make install 
cd ..
修改nginx配置文件
 mv  /etc/nginx/nginx.conf /etc/nginx/nginx.conf.bak 
vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf  添加如下代码
user  www www;
worker_processes  4;
#error_log  /var/log/nginx、error.log;
#error_log  /var/log/nginx/error.log  notice;
#error_log  /var/log/nginx/error.log  info;
#Specifies the value for maximum file descriptors that can be opened by this process. 
worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;
events
{
  use epoll;
  worker_connections 65535;
}
http
{
  include       mime.types;
  default_type  application/octet-stream;
  #charset  gb2312;
  server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
  client_header_buffer_size 32k;
  large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
  client_max_body_size 8m;
  sendfile on;
  tcp_nopush     on;
  keepalive_timeout 60;
  tcp_nodelay on;
  fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
  fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
  fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
  fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
  fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
  fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
  fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;
  gzip on;
  gzip_min_length  1k;
  gzip_buffers     4 16k;
  gzip_http_version 1.0;
  gzip_comp_level 2;
  gzip_types       text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
  gzip_vary on;
  #limit_zone  crawler  $binary_remote_addr  10m;
  server
  {
    listen       80;
    server_name www.gabylinux.com;
    index index.html index.htm index.php;
    root  html;
    #limit_conn   crawler  20;   
    location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$
    {
      #fastcgi_pass  unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
      fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;
      fastcgi_index index.php;
      include fcgi.conf;
    }
    location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$
    {
      expires      30d;
    }
    location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
    {
      expires      1h;
    }
    log_format  access  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
              '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
              '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';
    access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log   access;
 }
}
为nginx提供sv启动脚本
vim /etc/init.d/nginx
#!/bin/sh 

# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon 

# chkconfig:     - 85 15    
# description:    Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \ 
#                             proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server 
# processname: nginx 
# config:            /etc/nginx/nginx.conf 
# config:            /etc/sysconfig/nginx 
# pidfile:         /var/run/nginx.pid 

# Source function library. 
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions 

# Source networking configuration. 
. /etc/sysconfig/network 

# Check that networking is up. 
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0 

nginx="/usr/sbin/nginx" 
prog=$(basename $nginx) 

NGINX_CONF_FILE="/etc/nginx/nginx.conf" 

[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx 

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx 

make_dirs() { 
     # make required directories 
     user=`nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:" | sed 's/[^*]*--user=\([^ ]*\).*/\1/g' -` 
     options=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure arguments:'` 
     for opt in $options; do 
             if [ `echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path'` ]; then 
                     value=`echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2` 
                     if [ ! -d "$value" ]; then 
                             # echo "creating" $value 
                             mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value 
                     fi 
             fi 
     done 


start() { 
        [ -x $nginx ] || exit 5 
        [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6 
        make_dirs 
        echo -n $"Starting $prog: " 
        daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE 
        retval=$? 
        echo 
        [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile 
        return $retval 


stop() { 
        echo -n $"Stopping $prog: " 
        killproc $prog -QUIT 
        retval=$? 
        echo 
        [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile 
        return $retval 


restart() { 
        configtest || return $? 
        stop 
        sleep 1 
        start 


reload() { 
        configtest || return $? 
        echo -n $"Reloading $prog: " 
        killproc $nginx -HUP 
        RETVAL=$? 
        echo 


force_reload() { 
        restart 


configtest() { 
    $nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE 


rh_status() { 
        status $prog 


rh_status_q() { 
        rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1 


case "$1" in 
        start) 
                rh_status_q && exit 0 
                $1 
                ;; 
        stop) 
                rh_status_q || exit 0 
                $1 
                ;; 
        restart|configtest) 
                $1 
                ;; 
        reload) 
                rh_status_q || exit 7 
                $1 
                ;; 
        force-reload) 
                force_reload 
                ;; 
        status) 
                rh_status 
                ;; 
        condrestart|try-restart) 
                rh_status_q || exit 0 
                        ;; 
        *) 
                echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}" 
                exit 2 
esac

chkconfig --add nginx
测试如下
[root@localhost ~]# service nginx start
Starting nginx:                                            [  OK  ]
[root@localhost ~]# service nginx restart
nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful
Stopping nginx:                                            [  OK  ]
Starting nginx:                                            [  OK  ]
[root@localhost ~]#