实验系统:CentOS 6.6_x86_64

实验前提:提前准备好编译环境,防火墙和selinux都关闭

实验说明:本实验共有4台主机,IP及角色分配如拓扑

下载地址:试验中用到mariadb软件的下载地址, http://pan.baidu.com/s/1gd0JRaj

实验拓扑:

一、准备工作

1.修改hostname和hosts文件为如下表格中内容:

说明:mysql是zabbix数据存放主机,server是zabbix主服务主机,web是zabbix前端展示主机,agent是被监控主机。通常情况下这四个角色可以搭建在同一个主机上,在这个实验里是分开部署了。

2.同步时间:

ntpdate 192.168.70.21        //地址写你自己的时间服务器

二、安装mysql服务器

1.在mysql.jason.com主机上安装mysql:

tar xf mariadb-10.0.20-linux-x86_64.tar.gz  -C /usr/local/
cd /usr/local/
ln -sv mariadb-10.0.20-linux-x86_64 mysql
useradd -r mysql
mkdir -pv /mydata/data
chown -R mysql.mysql /mydata/data/
cd mysql/
chown -R root.mysql .
scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --datadir=/mydata/data/
cp support-files/my-large.cnf /etc/my.cnf
cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
chkconfig --add mysqld
chkconfig mysqld on

2.编辑配置文件并启动:

vim /etc/my.cnf
----------------------------------------------->
[mysqld]
datadir = /mydata/data            //增加此行
<-----------------------------------------------
service mysqld start

3.创建zabbix数据库和授权用户:

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql
------------------------------------>
CREATE DATABASE zabbix;
GRANT ALL ON zabbix.* TO 'zabbix'@'192.168.19.%' IDENTIFIED BY '123456';
GRANT ALL ON zabbix.* TO 'zabbix'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '123456';
GRANT ALL ON zabbix.* TO 'zabbix'@'mysql.jason.com' IDENTIFIED BY '123456';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

4.导入数据库文件:

wget http://iweb.dl.sourceforge.net/project/zabbix/ZABBIX%20Latest%20Development/3.0.0alpha2/zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gz
tar xf zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gz
cd zabbix-3.0.0alpha2/database/mysql/
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -uzabbix -p123456 zabbix < schema.sql          //导入顺序不能错
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -uzabbix -p123456 zabbix < images.sql
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -uzabbix -p123456 zabbix < data.sql

三、安装Zabbix-Server服务器

1.在server.jason.com主机上编译安装zabbix:

yum -y install mysql-devel libxml2-devel net-snmp-devel libcurl-devel
wget http://iweb.dl.sourceforge.net/project/zabbix/ZABBIX%20Latest%20Development/3.0.0alpha2/zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gz
tar xf zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gz
cd zabbix-3.0.0alpha2
groupadd zabbix
useradd -g zabbix zabbix
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zabbix-server --enable-server --with-mysql --with-net-snmp --with-libcurl --with-libxml2
make install

2.编辑配置文件并启动:

mkdir /var/log/zabbix
chown -R zabbix:zabbix /var/log/zabbix
vim /usr/local/zabbix-server/etc/zabbix_server.conf
------------------------------------------------------------->
LogFile=/var/log/zabbix/zabbix_server.log
DBHost=192.168.19.66
DBName=zabbix
DBUser=zabbix
DBPassword=123456
ListenIP=127.0.0.1,192.168.19.74
<-------------------------------------------------------------
/usr/local/zabbix-server/sbin/zabbix_server -c /usr/local/zabbix-server/etc/zabbix_server.conf      //启动服务

查看端口,已经开始监听了:

四、安装Zabbix-Web服务器

1.在web.jason.com主机上安装httpd和php:

yum -y install httpd php php-mysql libXpm php-bcmath php-gd php-mbstring php-xml t1lib
mkdir /var/www/html/zabbix
wget http://iweb.dl.sourceforge.net/project/zabbix/ZABBIX%20Latest%20Development/3.0.0alpha2/zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gz
tar xf zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gz
cd zabbix-3.0.0alpha2/frontends/php/
cp -a . /var/www/html/zabbix/

2.配置php并启动httpd:

vim /etc/php.ini
----------------------------------------->
date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai
post_max_size = 16M
max_execution_time = 300
max_input_time = 300
----------------------------------------->
service httpd start

用浏览器访问http://192.168.19.76/zabbix,并按照提示安装:

这里出现权限报错,将配置文件下载下来保存到/var/www/html/zabbix/conf/zabbix.conf.php文件中。如果手动写入配置文件之后如果还报错,可以忽略,将浏览器关闭并重新打开连接即可。登录账号admin,登录密码zabbix:

vim /var/www/html/zabbix/conf/zabbix.conf.php    //手动写入配置
---------------------------------------------------------->
<?php
// Zabbix GUI configuration file.
global $DB;

$DB['TYPE']    = 'MYSQL';
$DB['SERVER']  = '192.168.19.66';
$DB['PORT']    = '0';
$DB['DATABASE'] = 'zabbix';
$DB['USER']    = 'zabbix';
$DB['PASSWORD'] = '123456';

// Schema name. Used for IBM DB2 and PostgreSQL.
$DB['SCHEMA'] = '';

$ZBX_SERVER      = '192.168.19.74';
$ZBX_SERVER_PORT = '10051';
$ZBX_SERVER_NAME = '';

$IMAGE_FORMAT_DEFAULT = IMAGE_FORMAT_PNG;
?>

五、安装Zabbix-Agent端

1.在agent.jason.com主机上安装:

wget http://iweb.dl.sourceforge.net/project/zabbix/ZABBIX%20Latest%20Development/3.0.0alpha2/zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gz
tar xf zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gz 
cd zabbix-3.0.0alpha2
groupadd zabbix-agent
useradd -g zabbix-agent zabbix-agent
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zabbix-agent --enable-agent
make install

2.编辑配置文件:

mkdir /var/log/zabbix
chown -R zabbix-agent:zabbix-agent /var/log/zabbix/
vim /usr/local/zabbix-agent/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf
------------------------------------------------------------>
LogFile=/var/log/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.log
Server=192.168.19.74
ServerActive=192.168.19.74
Hostname=agent.jason.com
User=zabbix-agent
<------------------------------------------------------------
/usr/local/zabbix-agent/sbin/zabbix_agentd -c /usr/local/zabbix-agent/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf

六、添加主机

这里我就大体截图一下来演示了,过程可能并不详细:

至此,演示过程全部结束,感谢大家的收看!