Zabbix 3.0界面焕然一新,一改10多年的老面孔,alpha4的更新具体记录如下:http://www.zabbix.com/rn3.0.0alpha4.php

What's New in 3.0.0alpha4

  • ZBXNEXT-1762 ] added years, months and half of months periods displaying on graphs X axis

  • ZBXNEXT-1679 ] implemented value map import/export

  • ZBXNEXT-1679 ] added checkbox column in value map list view and bulk "Delete" button

  • ZBXNEXT-1679 ] added "Used in items" column in value map list view and green text "Yes" if value map is used in items or item prototypes

  • ZBXNEXT-1679 ] added value map sorting by name

  • ZBXNEXT-1679 ] added limit for the amount of records and paging in value maps

  • ZBXNEXT-1679 ] replaced built-in confirmation dialog with modal window dialog for image import when selecting "Update existing"

  • ZBXNEXT-2683 ] added user macro context

  • ZBX-2616 ] updated bundled DejaVu font from 2.34 to 2.35

  • ZBX-9935 ] added check for item delay, to be between 0 and 86400 seconds

  • ZBX-1357 ] updated Brazilian Portuguese, Czech, Finnish, Japanese, Polish, Russian and Slovak translations; thanks to Zabbix translators

  • ZBXNEXT-2678 ] implemented trigger description and URL popups in the dashboard's "Last 20 issues" and screen element's "Host group issues" and "Host issues"

  • ZBX-2517 ] minimum period for time navigator set to 5 minutes; thanks to Zabbix community

  • ZBXNEXT-1424 ] implemented value mapping API, added clone button in value map edit form and slightly improved performance of value map caching in frontend

  • ZBXNEXT-2960 ] reduced the default MaxLinesPerSecond value to 20

Zabbix 3.0安装过程与2.x的变化类似,但又少许需要注意的坑(以下标红的),否则会坑的不行。。。

基础环境:

Nginx:1.9.7

Mysql:5.5.32

PHP:5.5.30( zabbix_3.0 要求php版本至少在5.4以上 )

ZrABRn.png!web

Nginx安装:

1.rpm -qa pcre pcre-devel2.yum install pcre pcre-devel openssl openssl-devel -y4.useradd nginx -s /sbin/nologin -M5../configure  --user=nginx --group=nginx --prefix=/application/nginx-1.9.7 --with-http_stub_status_module  --with-http_ssl_module
make && make installln -s /application/nginx-1.9.7 /application/nginx6.ls -l /application/7./application/nginx/sbin/nginx8.ps -ef|grep nginx9.ss -lntup|grep nginx
[root@zabbix_3.0 conf]# egrep -v  "#|^$" nginx.conf.default > nginx.conf[root@zabbix_3.0 conf]# vim /application/nginx/conf/nginx.confworker_processes  1;
events {  worker_connections  1024;
}
http {  include	   mime.types;  default_type  application/octet-stream;  sendfile		on;  keepalive_timeout  65;  server {    listen	   80;    server_name  localhost;    location / {      root   html;      index  index.php index.html index.htm;    }    error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;    location = /50x.html {      root   html;    }    location ~ \.(php|php5)?$ {      root		   /application/nginx/html;      fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;      fastcgi_index  index.php;       # fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;      fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /application/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name;      include		fastcgi_params;      }    }
}

MySql安装:

yum install tree nmap lrzsz dos2unix -y
[root@zabbix_3.0 tools]# tar xf mysql-5.5.32-linux2.6-x86_64.tar.gz [root@zabbix_3.0 tools]# mv mysql-5.5.32-linux2.6-x86_64 /application/mysql-5.5.32[root@zabbix_3.0 tools]# ln -s /application/mysql-5.5.32/ /application/mysql[root@zabbix_3.0tools]# useradd mysql -s /sbin/nologin -M[root@zabbix_3.0 tools]# chown -R mysql.mysql /application/mysql [root@zabbix_3.0 tools]# cd /application/mysqlvim /etc/hosts[root@zabbix_3.0 mysql]# ./scripts/mysql_install_db  --basedir=/application/mysql --datadir=/application/mysql/data/ --user=mysqlcp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
sed -i 's#/usr/local/mysql#/application/mysql#g' /application/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe /etc/init.d/mysqld
 cp support-files/my-small.cnf /etc/my.cnf
cp:是否覆盖"/etc/my.cnf"? y
echo 'export PATH=/application/mysql/bin:$PATH' >>/etc/profile
 source /etc/profile
[root@zabbix_3.0 application]# echo $PATH/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/root/bin
[root@zabbix_3.0 application]# cp -a /application/mysql/bin/* /usr/local/sbinservice mysqld start
mysqladmin -uroot password jiayuan.com

PHP安装:

1.yum -y install zlib-devel libxml2-devel libjpeg-devel libiconv-devel freetype-devel libpng-devel gd-devel curl-devel libxslt-devel2.wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.14.tar.gztar zxf libiconv-1.14.tar.gzcd libiconv-1.14./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libiconvmakemake installcd ../3.yum -y install libmcrypt-devel mhash mcrypt
ln -s /application/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18 /usr/lib64/

php 5.5.30:( --with-mysqli=mysqlnd和--with-gettext一定要加上,否则前者不装时安装 zabbix时database type没有选项 默认出来的数据库是SqLite 3,且不能切换 2eAFfy6.gif,后者不装时,会报PHP gettext warning)

./configure \--prefix=/application/php5.5.30 \--with-mysql=/application/mysql/ \--with-mysqli=mysqlnd \--with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \--with-iconv-dir=/usr/local/libiconv \--with-freetype-dir \--with-jpeg-dir \--with-png-dir \--with-zlib \--with-libxml-dir=/usr \--with-gettext \--enable-xml \--disable-rpath \--enable-bcmath \--enable-shmop \--enable-sysvsem \--enable-inline-optimization \--with-curl \--enable-mbregex \--enable-fpm \--enable-mbstring \--with-mcrypt \--with-gd \--enable-gd-native-ttf \--with-openssl \--with-mhash \--enable-pcntl \--enable-sockets \--with-xmlrpc \--enable-soap \--enable-short-tags \--enable-static \--with-xsl \--with-fpm-user=nginx \--with-fpm-group=nginx \--enable-ftp \--enable-opcache=no
make && make install
[root@zabbix_3.0 php-5.5.30]# ln -s /application/php-5.5.30/ /application/php生成配置php配置文件
[root@zabbix_3.0 php-5.5.30]# pwd/tools/php-5.5.30[root@zabbix_3.0 php-5.5.30]# cp php.ini-production /application/php/lib/php.ini[root@zabbix_3.0 php-5.5.30]# cd /application/php/etc/[root@zabbix_3.0 etc]# pwd/application/php/etc
[root@zabbix_3.0 etc]# cp php-fpm.conf.default php-fpm.confphp启动测试
[root@zabbix_3.0 etc]# /application/php/sbin/php-fpm验证是否成功启动
[root@zabbix_3.0 etc]# netstat -lntup|grep php-fpm

验证LNMP安装是否成功。

Zabbix安装: 

[root@zabbix_3.0 ~]# wget http://110.96.193.9:81/1Q2W3E4R5T6Y7U8I9O0P1Z2X3C4V5B/downloads.sourceforge.net/project/zabbix/ZABBIX%20Latest%20Development/3.0.0alpha4/zabbix-3.0.0alpha4.tar.gz
[root@zabbix_3.0 ~]# tar xf zabbix-3.0.0alpha4.tar.gz[root@zabbix_3.0 ~]# groupadd zabbix[root@zabbix_3.0 ~]# useradd -g zabbix zabbix[root@zabbix_3.0 ~]# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libiconv.so.2 /usr/lib/libiconv.so.2 #添加软连接[root@zabbix_3.0 ~]# /sbin/ldconfig #使配置立即生效[root@zabbix_3.0 ~]# cd zabbix-3.0.0alpha4[root@oldboy zabbix-3.0.0alpha4]# ./configure --enable-server --enable-agent --with-mysql --enable-ipv6 --with-net-snmp --with-libcurl --with-libxml2参数说明
―prefix=/usr/local/zabbix为指定安装目录为/usr/local/zabbix―enable-server为安装zabbix服务端程序
―enable-agent为安装agent程序
―with-mysql为使用mysql数据库
―enable-ipv6为启用ipv6支持
―with-net-snmp为启用snmp支持
―with-libcurl为启用curl
―with-libxml2编译xml模块,主要用于监控vm虚拟机
[root@oldboy zabbix-3.0.0alpha4]# make && make install shell> mysql -uroot -p<password>
mysql> create database zabbix character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;
mysql> grant all privileges on zabbix.* to zabbix@localhost identified by '<password>';
mysql> flush privileges;
mysql> quit;
按照SQL语句顺序导入SQL:
shell> mysql -uzabbix -p<password> zabbix < database/mysql/schema.sql# stop here if you are creating database for Zabbix proxyshell> mysql -uzabbix -p<password> zabbix < database/mysql/images.sql
shell> mysql -uzabbix -p<password> zabbix < database/mysql/data.sql

修改zabbix.conf:

[root@oldboy zabbix-3.0.0alpha4]# vim /usr/local/etc/zabbix_server.conf 增加:DBPassword=zabbix
DBName=zabbix #数据库名称 DBUser=zabbix #数据库用户名 DBPassword=jiayuan.com #数据库密码 ListenIP=localhost #数据库ip地址 AlertScriptsPath=****/zabbix/alertscripts #zabbix运行脚本存放目录

zabbix 3.0启动方式:

[root@oldboy zabbix-3.0.0alpha4]# cp /application/tools/zabbix-3.0.0alpha4/misc/init.d/fedora/core/zabbix_server /etc/rc.d/init.d/zabbix_server #服务端 [root@oldboy zabbix-3.0.0alpha4]# cp /application/tools/zabbix-3.0.0alpha4/misc/init.d/fedora/core/zabbix_agentd /etc/rc.d/init.d/zabbix_agentd #客户端shell> zabbix_server

修改php.ini:(php5.5默认值较小)

vim /application/php/lib/php.ini 主要为下面几个参数
PHP option post_max_size 16M
PHP option max_execution_time 300PHP option max_input_time 300PHP time zone Asia/Shanghai

然后启动php

/application/php/sbin/php-fpm

配置web环境:

cd /application/tools/zabbix-3.0.0alpha4/frontends
cp -rf php /application/nginx/html/zabbix

qMb2IfQ.jpg!web

aiAjie.jpg!web

这里修不修改端口都可,如果编译php时你没有带上 --with-mysqli=mysqlnd  你会悲剧的发现这里默认出现的是SQLite3,且无法更换。。。YBFBrmm.jpg!web

2MVJra.jpg!web

qQz6Rj.jpg!web

mmmmmaF.jpg!web

需要给此目录下/application/nginx/html/zabbix/conf的zabbix.conf.php w+x权限,否则install之前会报错需要下载conf,且赋权。

YN32Mbv.jpg!web

安装至此完毕。界面如下(是比以前好看了。。):

JfiuUfE.png!web

Qzyiqq.png!web

中文支持:

zabbix实际是有中文语言的,我们可以通过修改web端源文件来开启中文语言。

修改你的 locales . inc . php 这个文件

'zh_CN' => ['name' => _('Chinese (zh_CN)'), 'display' => true], #也就是把false改为true

然后点击zabbix监控网页端右上角人头头像修改为中文语言即可。

Bj2yUbb.png!web

更换语言后,图形会出现乱码,我们做如下修改即可。

修改你的defines.inc.php 这个文件

#修改第93行define('ZBX_FONT_NAME', 'msyh'); 
#修改第45行改为 define('ZBX_GRAPH_FONT_NAME', 'msyh')

然后下载微软雅黑字体,改名为msyh传入/home/www/zabbix/fonts 目录下即可。

Mz6Bju.png!web