第二章实验(二):基于域名虚拟主机及主站迁移

1.配置BIND支持多域名解析:在实际工作中需要申请多个域名,并做好解析。

登录到192.168.100.100(已经提供了linuxfan.cn的解析)

[root@ns ~]# vim /var/named/chroot/etc/named.conf   ##在该文件末尾添加如下内容

zone "sggfu.com" IN {

        type master;

        file "sggfu.com.zone";

};

:wq

wKiom1g21mezUEAcAAAoN-L1m3o881.png-wh_50 

[root@ns ~]# vim /var/named/chroot/var/named/sggfu.com.zone  ##新建区域数据文件

$TTL 86400

@       IN      SOA     sggfu.com.      root.sggfu.com. (

                20150630

                1H

                2M

                3W

                1D

)

@       IN      NS      ns.sggfu.com.

@       IN      A       192.168.100.100

ns      IN      A       192.168.100.100

www     IN      A       192.168.100.150

:wq

wKioL1g21nXS4vIyAAAYGUDhXVA754.png-wh_50 

[root@ns ~]# vim /var/named/chroot/var/named/sggfu.com.zone  ##新建区域数据文件

$TTL 86400

@       IN      SOA     sggfu.com.      root.sggfu.com. (

                20150630

                1H

                2M

                3W

                1D

)

@       IN      NS      ns.sggfu.com.

@       IN      A       192.168.100.100

ns      IN      A       192.168.100.100

www     IN      A       192.168.100.150

:wq

wKiom1g21n2jBK7LAAAYGUDhXVA129.png-wh_50 

[root@ns ~]# /etc/init.d/named restart  ##重启服务

[root@ns ~]# nslookup

> server 192.168.100.100

Default server: 192.168.100.100

Address: 192.168.100.100#53

> www.sggfu.com

Server:192.168.100.100

Address:192.168.100.100#53

 

Name:www.sggfu.com    ##解析成功

Address: 192.168.100.150

> www.linuxfan.cn

Server:192.168.100.100

Address:192.168.100.100#53

 

Name:www.linuxfan.cn

Address: 192.168.100.150

> exit

 

[root@ns ~]#

wKioL1g21oWiS09qAAAoD51GPI8397.png-wh_50 

2.配置基于域名的虚拟主机:登录到192.168.100.150上

1)设置虚拟主机站点的网页根目录:(测试数据)

[root@www ~]# cd /usr/local/httpd/htdocs/

[root@www ~]# mkdir linuxfan

[root@www ~]# mkdir sggfu

[root@www ~]# echo "www.linuxfan.cn" >>linuxfan/index.html

[root@www ~]# echo "www.sggfu.com" >>sggfu/index.html

2)修改虚拟主机配置文件:

[root@www ~]# vim /usr/local/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

387 Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf    ##去掉该行的注释

388

:set nu                                                        388,0-1       88%

:wq

wKioL1g21o_yo4CBAAAlBlw1xIs573.png-wh_50 

[root@www ~]# cd /usr/local/httpd/conf/extra/ ;ls

wKiom1g21pazjHz0AAAWsXAbdN8124.png-wh_50 

[root@www extra]# cp httpd-vhosts.conf httpd-vhosts.conf.bak   ##备份配置文件,养成

好习惯

wKioL1g21p2DOHzhAAARftqZHuI720.png-wh_50 

[root@www ~]# vim /usr/local/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf   ##修改配置文件如下

 

NameVirtualHost 192.168.100.150:80

<VirtualHost 192.168.100.150:80>

    ServerAdmin admin@linuxfan.cn

    DocumentRoot "/usr/local/httpd/htdocs/linuxfan"

    ServerName www.linuxfan.cn

    ErrorLog "logs/www.linuxfan.cn-error_log"

    CustomLog "logs/www.linuxfan.cn-access_log" combined

</Virtualhost>

<VirtualHost 192.168.100.150:80>

    ServerAdmin admin@sggfu.com

    DocumentRoot "/usr/local/httpd/htdocs/sggfu/"

    ServerName www.sggfu.com

    ErrorLog "logs/www.sggfu.com-error_log"

    CustomLog "logs/www.sggfu.com-access_log" combined

</VirtualHost>

:wq

wKiom1g21qWAdVJkAAAzPhphC50953.png-wh_50 

3)测试:虚拟主机(登录到192.168.100.100)

[root@ns ~]# vim /etc/resolv.conf    ##编辑配置文件确认如下行

[root@ns ~]# cat /etc/resolv.conf

; generated by /sbin/dhclient-script

nameserver 192.168.100.100   ##添加该行

nameserver 192.168.1.1

wKioL1g21q7yQNqAAAARUFUzAEc338.png-wh_50 

[root@ns ~]# elinks --dump www.linuxfan.cn   ##访问成功

   www.linuxfan.cn

 wKioL1g21s-xb9ofAAAGiLCexxY694.png-wh_50

 

[root@ns ~]# elinks --dump www.sggfu.com    ##访问成功

   www.sggfu.com

wKiom1g21sKyFpOnAAAK3hBvalI434.png-wh_50 

 

windows主机用浏览器访问:

http://www.linuxfan.cnwKiom1g21tzTSdLpAADprdHPAUQ976.png-wh_50

http://www.sggfu.com

wKiom1g21wCgBX_pAADprdHPAUQ289.png-wh_50

http://www.linuxfan.cn/aws.html   ##无法访问

wKiom1g21xeCbKxfAABd1r10-VA158.png-wh_50 

3.主站迁移:

目前虚拟主机测试已经成功,问题在于老站www.linuxfan.cn中的web依然需要提供,下面将完成主站迁移,实现旧资源依然能访问:

1)移动老站资源:

[root@www ~]# tree /usr/local/httpd/htdocs/  ##树形结构查看网页根目录下的内容

/usr/local/httpd/htdocs/

├── aws.html

├── index.html

├── linuxfan

│   └── index.html

└── sggfu

    └── index.html

 

2 directories, 4 files

wKiom1g21yiglrrfAAARlc-Fxfw417.png-wh_50 

[root@www ~]# cd /usr/local/httpd/htdocs/

[root@www htdocs]# ls

aws.html  index.html  linuxfan  sggfu

[root@www htdocs]# mv aws.html index.html linuxfan/    ##将所有老站的内容移动到新站目录下

mv:是否覆盖"linuxfan/index.html"? y

[root@www htdocs]#

wKioL1g21zmxKKJ3AAASoLdLq0A332.png-wh_50 

2)修改配置文件:

[root@www ~]# vim /usr/local/httpd/conf/httpd.conf   ##注释掉主配置文件中关于awstats的配置

413 #Alias /awstatsclasses "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/classes/"

414 #Alias /awstatscss "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/css/"

415 #Alias /awstatsicons "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/icon/"

416 #ScriptAlias /awstats/ "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/"

417 #

418 ##

419 ## This is to permit URL access to scripts/files in AWStats directory.

420 ##

421 #<Directory "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot">

422 #    Options None

423 #    AllowOverride None

424 #    Order allow,deny

425 #    Allow from 192.168.100.110

426 #    AuthType Basic

427 #    AuthName "Log analysis system"

428 #    AuthBasicProvider file

429 #    AuthUserFile /usr/local/httpd/conf/htpasswd

430 #    AuthGroupFile /usr/local/httpd/conf/htgroups

431 #    Require group mygroup

432 #</Directory>

433 #

wKioL1g210OwgtuVAAAsoO9VDRo063.png-wh_50 

:413,$ s/^/#/g

:wq

[root@www ~]# vim /usr/local/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf   ##修虚拟主机配置文件,将主配置文件中注释掉的配置文件项复制到第一个虚拟配置区域内

 

Alias /awstatsclasses "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/classes/"

Alias /awstatscss "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/css/"

Alias /awstatsicons "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/icon/"

ScriptAlias /awstats/ "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/"

 

<Directory "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot">

    Options None

    AllowOverride None

    Order allow,deny

    Allow from 192.168.100.110

    AuthType Basic

    AuthName "Log analysis system"

    AuthBasicProvider file

    AuthUserFile /usr/local/httpd/conf/htpasswd

    AuthGroupFile /usr/local/httpd/conf/htgroups

    Require group mygroup

</Directory>

:wq

wKiom1g211CSy29PAABVryTR9-g266.png-wh_50 

[root@www ~]# /etc/init.d/httpd restart   ##重启服务

httpd is restart complete.

wKiom1g211nTNwnXAAAKFUktn4Q219.png-wh_50 

[root@www ~]# vim /etc/awstats/awstats.www.linuxfan.cn.conf   ##修改第50行如下

 LogFile="/usr/local/httpd/logs/www.linuxfan.cn-access_log"

:wq

wKioL1g212PhCiuiAAAhea97JY0958.png-wh_50 

[root@www ~]# /usr/local/awstats/tools/awstats_updateall.pl now

 

访问测试:

192.168.100.100上:测试成功

[root@ns ~]# elinks --dump www.linuxfan.cn

                                www.linuxfan.cn

 

   [1]日志分析平台

 

References

 

   Visible links

   1. http://www.linuxfan.cn/aws.html

[root@ns ~]#

wKiom1g212ySL2u_AAAGiLCexxY635.png-wh_50 

windows上使用IE访问测试:点击后成功访问。

http://www.linuxfan.cn/   

wKioL1g213TyT43GAACig__bHtA672.png-wh_50wKiom1g214jjX2KwAAEX7VPJSWA917.png-wh_50 

wKioL1g213yxS_ShAABOhGfQ8ic403.png-wh_50