AWStats介绍

AWStats是使用Perl语言开发的一款开源日志分析系统,它不仅可用来分析Apache网站服务器的访问日志,也可以用来分析Samba、Vsftpd、IIS等服务的日志信息。结合crond等计划任务服务,可以对不断增长的日志内容定期进行分析。

AWStats的运行是需要PERL环境的支持,从AWStats的文档来看,它对于Apache HTTP Server的支持是非常完美的,而当我们使用Nginx服务器后,要运行AWStats就变得很麻烦了。首先Nginx本身对于Perl的支持是比较弱的,甚至官方也不建议使用,另外在日志格式上有需要修改后才能顺利运行。

这里介绍通过让AWStats对nginx服务器日志统计的结果生成静态页面,然后通过Nginx站点访问统计的日志效果。

环境:

目标:

为Nginx站点www.test.com添加AWStates日志分析系统

部署服务:

安装AWStates之前先确认服务器上Perl的环境已经安装好

perl -version

Nginx中AWStats日志分析系统部署

1. 解压并安装AWStates软件包(可以至我的百度云盘下载)

#解压awstats软件包至/usr/local/
tar zxvf awstats-7.6.tar.gz -C /usr/local/

#重命名awstats
mv /usr/local/awstats-7.6 /usr/local/awstats

#修改awstats属主属组
chown root.root -R /usr/local/awstats

#进入tools目录
cd /usr/local/awstats/tools/

2. 为www.test.com站点新建站点统计配置文件,借助AWStates系统提供的awstats_configure.pl脚本进行创建,过程如下:

./awstats_configure.pl

----- AWStats awstats_configure 1.0 (build 20140126) (c) Laurent Destailleur -----
This tool will help you to configure AWStats to analyze statistics for
one web server. You can try to use it to let it do all that is possible
in AWStats setup, however following the step by step manual setup
documentation (docs/index.html) is often a better idea. Above all if:

  • You are not an administrator user,
  • You want to analyze downloaded log files without web server,
  • You want to analyze mail or ftp log files instead of web log files,
  • You need to analyze load balanced servers log files,
  • You want to 'understand' all possible ways to use AWStats...
    Read the AWStats documentation (docs/index.html).

-----> Running OS detected: Linux, BSD or Unix

-----> Check for web server install

Enter full config file path of your Web server.
Example: /etc/httpd/httpd.conf
Example: /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
Example: c:\Program files\apache group\apache\conf\httpd.conf
Config file path ('none' to skip web server setup):
none #nginx服务器,输入'none'跳过

-----> Check and complete web server config file '/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf'
Add 'Alias /awstatsclasses "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/classes/"'
Add 'Alias /awstatscss "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/css/"'
Add 'Alias /awstatsicons "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/icon/"'
Add 'ScriptAlias /awstats/ "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/"'
Add '<Directory>' directive
AWStats directives added to Apache config file.

-----> Update model config file '/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.model.conf'
File awstats.model.conf updated.

-----> Need to create a new config file ?
Do you want me to build a new AWStats config/profile
file (required if first install) [y/N] ? y #输入y,创建一个新的统计配置

-----> Define config file name to create
What is the name of your web site or profile analysis ?
Example: www.mysite.com
Example: demo
Your web site, virtual server or profile name:
www.test.com #输入统计的域名:www.test.com

-----> Define config file path
In which directory do you plan to store your config file(s) ?
Default: /etc/awstats
Directory path to store config file(s) (Enter for default):
#直接 “回车键”

-----> Create config file '/etc/awstats/awstats.www.test.com.conf'
Config file /etc/awstats/awstats.www.test.com.conf created.

-----> Restart Web server with '/sbin/service httpd restart'
Stopping httpd: [ OK ]
Starting httpd: [ OK ]

-----> Add update process inside a scheduler
Sorry, configure.pl does not support automatic add to cron yet.
You can do it manually by adding the following command to your cron:
/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl -update -config=www.test.com
Or if you have several config files and prefer having only one command:
/usr/local/awstats/tools/awstats_updateall.pl now
Press ENTER to continue...

A SIMPLE config file has been created: /etc/awstats/awstats.www.test.com.conf
You should have a look inside to check and change manually main parameters.
You can then manually update your statistics for 'www.test.com' with command:
perl awstats.pl -update -config=www.test.com
You can also read your statistics for 'www.test.com' with URL:
http://localhost/awstats/awstats.pl?config=www.test.com

Press ENTER to finish... #直接“回车键”退出

3. 修改www.test.com统计配置文件

vim /etc/awstats/awstats.www.test.com.conf

......
LogFile="/usr/local/nginx/logs/access.log" #50行,修改nginx日志文件位置
DirData="/var/lib/awstats" #220行,数据目录,awstats目录默认不存在(需要创建)
......

创建/var/lib/awstats目录

mkdir -p /var/lib/awstats

4. 更新分析日志文件

/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl -update -config=www.test.com

5. 生成静态分析日志网页数据

/usr/local/awstats/tools/awstats_buildstaticpages.pl -update -config=www.test.com -lang=cn -dir=/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot -awstatsprog=/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl

上述命令解释如下:

  • /usr/local/awstats/tools/awstats_buildstaticpages.pl :awstats静态页面生成工具
  • -update -config=www.test.com :更新配置域名
  • -lang=cn :语言为中文
  • dir=/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot :统计结果输出的目录
  • awstatsprog=/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl :日志更新程序的路径

6. 建立定时任务让Awstats自动更新数据(每天23:59更新)

vim /etc/crontab

59 23 * root /usr/local/awstats/tools/awstats_buildstaticpages.pl -update -config=www.test.com -lang=cn -dir=/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot -awstatsprog=/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl

或如下图:
Nginx中AWStats日志分析系统部署

启动crond服务

systemctl start crond.service

7. 在nginx中建立awstats虚拟目录

vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

#http{}标签内增添一个server{}
server {
listen 80;
server_name 192.168.100.7;
location / {
root /usr/local/awstats/wwwroot;
index index.html awstats.www.test.com.html;
}
}

8. 重启nginx

service nginx restart

9. 测试

访问AWStats日志分析系统网址:http://192.168.100.7/

Nginx中AWStats日志分析系统部署

访问Nginx的test站点网址:http://www.test.com/

Nginx中AWStats日志分析系统部署